Colonial Records Project Survey Report No. 3996 ff.75ro-75vo. 22 June 1620. Like evidence given by John Huddleston, sailor aged 33. Survey Report No. GL.5 References Crick and Alman Guide, pp.64-65. Vol.V No.65 Depositions in the Court of Common Pleas, 17 November 1621.
Smyth of Nibley Papers Public Libraries, 1619, 1621 Page 1 of 1 Survey Report No. GL.5 Title Smyth of Nibley papers Vol.V No. 65 Depositions in the Court of Common Pleas,17 November 1621. The depositions are made by John Mennys, gent., of Sandwich, Kent; John Huddleston, gent., of Ratcliffe, Middlesex, master of the "Bona Nova"; William Jackson of Ratcliffe' gunner of the "Bona Nova"; John Ward of Ratcliffe, mariner; and George Hooper of Ratcliffe, mariner. The depositions state that the deponents were in Virginia during the period January - June, and that they had learned of the death of Mr. William Tracy of Berkeley, Shirley Hundred, Virginia, apparently during or earlier than January. One deposition refers to a Captain Powell, who had married William Tracy's daughter.
Cavaliers And Pioneers-Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants 1623-1666 Abstracted and Indexed by Nell Marion Nugent Copyright, 1963 by Genealogical Publishing Company originally published Richmond, 1934 page 44 Capt. Christopher Calthropp, 100 acs., being a second devdt., according to a graunt signed by Sir Georg Yeardly to John Hudleston, Marriner, 26 Apr. 16, 1621 & assigned by Richard Cox, Atty. to sd. Hudleston, to sd. Calthropp. 5 July 1636, p. 368. Adj. to the first devdt., whose bounds were, viz: W. upon Waters his Cr. E. upon land of Robert Hutchins, S. the river & N. into the woods. Same. 100 acrs. Chas. Riv. Co., same date & page. Within the new Poquoson at the head of Powells Cr., Nly. upon sd. Cr., Ely. to land formeley graunted to him. Trans. of 2 pers: Christopher Watts, Senr., Christopher Watts, Junr.
The Complete Book of Emigrants 1607-1660 Entries November 21, 1621 Commissions granted to: Daniel Gat(e)s to be master of the Darling and to fish on the coast of Virginia; John Huddleston to make a voyage to Virginia; and to have free fishing on the American coast; Captain Thomas Jones, master of the Discovery, to fish on the American coast and to trade furs in Virginia. (BL:Add Mss 14285)July 1, 1652 Petition of Captain William Digby. He was a planter in St. Christopher's 24 years ago but was soon after taken prisoner by the Spaniards to Cadiz where he remained for 6 years. Ten years ago Sir Thomas Warner, the governor of St. Christopher's, assigned him a plantation in Nevis, Captain Luke Stokes, has taken 280 acres of the plantation for John Jennings. He prays for its restitution. Encloses note of grant made by James, Earl of Carlisle, to William Digby of land in Nevis between the lands of Captain John Huddleston and Thomas Merriton. (cspl)
Plymouth Colony III-Building of the Fort, June 1622-March 1623 The deaths of 347 English settlers in Virginia on March 22, 1622, that took place during the uprising of the Powhattan under the leadership of Opechancanough, have been believed to be the reason for the building of the fort at Plymouth. It seems clear, though, that it was the threat of attack from the Narragansett and the Wampanoag which was the initial motivation for building the fort, strongly reinforced by the news from Jamestown. It is not clear as to when the letter from Captain John Huddleston, warning the Plymouth colonists of the massacre, was received. Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation, p.111.
For a more thorough account of the conflict, we turn to William Bradford's OF PLYMOUTH PLANTATION, 1620-1647 [Bradford, the Governor of Plymouth Plantation for most of the period covered in his history was critical of the actions taken by Winthrop and the Massachusetts Bay Colony during the Pequot War]. In 1622 a massacre of the settlers at Massachusetts Bay [which was to have been followed by a massacre of the Plymouth colonists, the latter of which was not carried out due to the opposition of the Wampanoags chieftain] had taken place because the Massachusetts Bay Colonists had appropriated corn and other property from the neighboring Natives, were weak from hunger and sickness and treated the Natives with contempt [curiously, much earlier, the reverse situation had occurred in which the tools of the Plymouth Colonists had been stolen by natives, but which were returned due, in large part, to the efforts of Squantos]. Captain John Huddleston placed the overall number of colonists lost in the massacre at above 400.
Young's Chronicles and 'The Pilgrim Republic' by John A. Goodwin, Boston Ticknor and Company London: Trubner and Company 1888 Page 205 speak's of John Huddleston but it is best to start at the beginning of the chapter to really get a gist of what was really going on. The story goes on with the Captain to page 206. Chapter XVIII. Weston's Impudence.-Scarcity of Food.-The "Charity" and the "Swan."-The Weymouth Colony.-Tisquantam's death.-Expedition for Corn.
The boat which had appeared so oportunely for Tisquatum was the shallop of the "Sparrow,"-a small ship partly owned by Weston, now fishing on the Maine coast in company with some thirty other English vessels. It brought a series of letters from Weston, extending over three months. The earliest gave assurances of great things that the Adventurers were about to do for the Colony; but in the later epistles Weston announced that he had sold his shares and withdrawn from the Adventurers altogether. He also stated that he was about to establish near Plymouth a settlement on his own account, and sent in the "Sparrow," for the Colony, a ton of bread and a quantity of fish; and closed, as usual, with very pious expressions of regard. Bradford seems to have known his man too well to base any hopes upon this supply. It was well that disappointment was thus saved; for Weston not only sent no bread or fish to the Colonists, but neglected to furnish food for the seven men he thrust upon them. His thorough falsity was now so apparent that even the worthy Cushman began to understand him. The people at Plymouth were at length famishing. For six months they had lived on half allowance; but June found them with an empty storehouse. Wild-fowl and ground-nuts were out of season, bass were plenty in the outer harbor, and cod in the bay; but they had no nets strong enough for the former, and no deep-water tackle suited to the haunts of the latter. Lobsters, clams, and muscles were obtainable with considerable labor, and formed the chief diet during much of the hot weather. Shell-fish, with no bread, meat or vegetables, and often scanty in amount, proved insufficient to preserve the fresh complexions and the strength of the people; yet the settlers had a wonderful exemption from disease. Such was the community of which Weston besought the sustenance for some months of seven pioneers of a rival, if not hostile, plantation. Hospitality has ever been a leading virtue of the Old Colony, and the seven intruders were welcomed to an equal share of such provision of the Colonists could get for themselves. This shallop brought a letter from John Huddleston, master of one of the fishing-vessels at the East. He was an entire stranger to the Pilgrims, but took this occasion to notify them, in a very kindly letter, of a massacre in Virginia, where the savages had murdered three hundred and fourty-seven setlers, and but for the exposure of their plot at the last moment by a friendly Indian, would have annihilated that Colony. The worthy captain therefore urged the Pilgrims to be forearmed. When the "Sparrow's" shallop returned to Maine, Winslow accompanied her in one of the Colony's shallops (they now had two) to buy provisions. He was cordially received by Captain Huddleston, who, however, could spare very little from his stores. That little he at once furnished, and refused all pay. He also gave Winslow a letter to the other captains on the coast, who with many expressions of regard and sympathy, all followed Huddleston's example; for while none could give much, what might be spared was gladly contributed without price.
The Sparrow, 1622 Voyages are listed at ship name on Ship List May, 1622 The Sparrow, at Maine from England, sent passengers in a boat to Plymouth, New England. Source: "Saints and Strangers", pages 204-205 Ship and Passenger Information: Fishing vessel Passengers: A boat arrived at the Plymouth Plantation from the Sparrow (fishing vessel at Maine, hired and sent out by Thomas Weston and John Beauchamp, salter of London, for their personal profit) with 7 men passengers sent by Weston to work for him in New England. They remained at Plymouth until the Charity and the Swan moved them to "Wessagusset" (Weymouth, Massachusetts) where they were to establish a settlement. See the Charity, 1622, for further information. The Charity, 1622 Late 1622 The Charity, after returning from Virginia, and the pinnace Swan, which had remained at Cape Cod, were used to move the 60 men they had left earlier at Plymouth, New England, and the 7 men from the earlier boat from the Sparrow, to build Wessagusset, New England (Weymouth, Massachusetts). The Charity then departed for England, leaving the Swan for Weston's men at Wessagusset. "Saints and Strangers" Saints and Strangers By George F. Willison, 1945 Notes: This is primarily a recounting of Bradfords writing, there are useful tables of information relating to the arrivals and other information. There are also a number of other sources cited and explanatory information. Source: "Saints and Strangers", page 208 Ship and Passenger Information: Burthen: 100 tons Passengers to New England: The Charity, accompanied by the pinnace Swan arrived with 60 men and no provisions; Thomas Morton, later of Mare Mount ("Merry Mount"), may have been with this group. The new arrivals remained, temporarily, at the Plymouth colony, placing a heavy burden on the provisions there. July, 1622 The Charity, from England by way of Cape Cod, New England, arrived at Virginia. In "late 1622", the Charity returned to New England. Passengers to Virginia: Parrish, Thomas Age 26 in Virginia Muster, February 7, 1624/5 Royall, Joseph Age 22 in Virginia Muster, January 24, 1624/5
HOW THE PLANTERS FROM VIRGINIA SAVED THE PLYMOUTH COLONY; Wm. and Mary College Quarterly, Vol. 12, No. 1 Transcribed by Kathy Merrill for the USGenWeb Archives Special Collections Project USGENWEB ARCHIVES NOTICE: These electronic pages may NOT be reproduced in any format for profit or presentation by any other organization or persons. Persons or organizations desiring to use this material, must obtain the written consent of the contributor, or the legal representative of the submitter, and contact the listed USGenWeb archivist with proof of this consent. The submitter has given permission to the USGenWeb Archives to store the file permanently for free access. http://www.rootsweb.com/~usgenwebhttp://www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb Pages 52-54 HOW THE PLANTERS FROM VIRGINIA SAVED THE PLYMOUTH COLONY The Pilgrim Puritans from Holland sailed under a charter obtained from the Virginia Company, intending to make their settlement somewhere near the Delaware Bay. Under this charter, John Carver was elected Governor, and when, by miscalculation, they landed in Massachusetts, the compact signed in the cabin of the Mayflower simply repeated the substance of the general orders of the Virginia Company. (See Eggleston's Beginners of a Nation, page 173.) The liberal-minded Sir Edwin Sandys, who was such a friend of the Virginia colonists, was also a patron of the Pilgrims as well. Nevertheless, New England writers have not been content with giving the Pilgrims the honor due to them. Hutchinson, in his History of Massachusetts, asserts that the Virginia Colony had virtually failed, and that the Pilgrim settlement was the means of reviving it (Hutchinson's History of Massachusetts, Vol. I., p. 11). This has been often repeated on no other authority than that of Hutchinson, who wrote nearly a century and a half after the event. Now this is a remarkable case of reversing the cause and effect. Bradford's contemporary Narrative shows very clearly that the Page 53. Pilgrims, if they had removed at all, would have gone to Guiana, or settled in New York, under the auspices of the Dutch, had not the Virginia plantation attracted them both from the fact of its successful establishment, and the security under English influence which it afforded. Mr. Eggleston says that "the list of patents for plantations in Virginia as given by Purchas, in which appears that of Master Wincop, under which the Pilgrims proposed to plant, is a sufficient proof that Virginia was not languishing".
At this time Virginia had passed under the administration of the "Patriot Party", and hundreds of settlers were setting out for the colony annually. In 1629, when the Plymouth Colony had only three hundred settlers in it, Virginia had three thousand. The fact is, until the great Puritan emigration began in 1628, few thought of the handful of Pilgrims settled on the bleak shores of Cape Cod Bay, except as located somewhere in Virginia, for the whole coast of North America was popularly spoken of as Virginia even at that time. In the spring of 1622, Virginia was shocked by an Indian massacre, but there were then surviving over nine hundred settlers.
The Plymouth Colony had not over one hundred and fifty settlers, and these were in a starving condition, from which they were rescued by the ship of Captain John Huddleston, a member of the Virginia Colony. The letter of the noble Captain*, which was carried ashore, and his conduct in sharing his scanty store with the Pilgrims, is worthy of all praise, and yet I do not remember ever seeing this beautiful incident, which connects the two colonies, referred to in any of the modern histories of the Plymouth Colony.
As given by Bradford, the story is as follows: Amidst these streigths, and ye desertion of those from whom they had hoped for supply, and when famine begane now to pinch them sore, they not knowing what to doe, the Lord (who never fails his) presents them with an occasion, beyond all expectation. This boat which came from ye eastward brought them a letter from a stranger, of whose name *Capt. John Huddleston commanded the ship Bona Nova, of 200 tons, and performed many voyages to Virginia in the interest of the Virginia Company. He patented lands in Virginia in the "territory of Tappahannock over against James Cittie", and at Blunt Point, near Newport News. In 1624, he was reported as dead. Page 54. they had never heard before, being a captaine of a shop come ther a fishing. This leter was as followeth. Being thus inscribed.
"To all his good friends at Plimoth, these, &c. Friends, cuntrimen, & neighbors: I salute you, and wish you all health and hapiness in ye Lord. I make bould with these few lines to trouble you, because unless I were unhumane, I can doe no less. Bad news doth spread it selfe too farr; yet I will so farr inform you that my selfe, with many good friends in ye south-collonie of Virginia have received shuch a blow that 400 persons large will not make good our losses. Therefore I doe entreat you (allthough not knowing you) that ye old rule which I learned when I went to school may be sufficiente. That is, Hapie is he whom other men's harmes doth make to beware. And now againe and againe, wishing all those yt willingly would serve ye Lord, all health and happiness, in this world, and everlasting peace in ye world to come. And so I rest, Yours, JOHN HUDDLESTON."
By this boat ye Govr returned a thankfull answer, as was meete, and sente a boate of their owne with them, which was piloted by them, in which Mr Winslow was sente to procure what provissions he could of ye ships, who was kindly received by ye foresaid gentill-man, who not only spared what he could, but writ to others to doe ye like. By which means he gott some good quantitie and returned in saftie, by which ye plantation had a double benefite, first, a present refreshing by ye food brought, and secondly, they knew ye way to thos parts for the venifite hereafter. But what was gott, & this small boat brought, being HOW THE PLANTERS FROM VIRGINIA SAVED THE PLYMOUTH COLONY; Wm. and Mary College Quarterly, Vol. 12, No. 1
From page 8 of "The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography" LVX No. 4 (Oct. 1957) we find that in May 13 1628 that John Huddleston is noted as being the master of the Thomas and John. The source says this same man of Survey 3 is also found on Survey 4 and 5. On Survey 4 he is listed as John Hurleston with date of May 15 1628. On Survey 5 he is listed as John Hurlston with date of May 17 1628. Public Record Office Class E. 190/32/8 shows the "Thomas & John" being in Virginia and being loaded from 13 May 1628 to 11 Aug 1628 and that Captain John Huddleston was its master.
Let us compare Amelia Edith Huddleston Barr just quoted entry and the research of Linda Jenstrom pertaining to William Bradford's confirmatory deed pertaining to Valentine Huddleston as a original proprietary from the book '1602-1780: Haven by the Sea' by Everett S. Allen page 8. First of all, it says they returned to their lands and rebuilt and second, by looking on a map you find Plymouth on the bay and Darthmouth of Bristol adjoining it inland. Thirdly, the Wampanoag Indians are both found in the records of Captain John Huddleston and Valentine Huddleston and finally William Bradford is mentioned with both of them.
Page 516 & 517
CXCVII. Council And Company For Virginia. A Commission Granted To John Huddleston November 21, 1621 Additional Manuscripts, 14285, Folios 75a-76a Document in British Museum, London List of Records No. 277 [75a] A Comission graunted by the Counsell and Company for Virginia to John Huddleston for a Voyadge to Virginia and for a free fishinge on the Coast of America. To all whome these present shall come to be seen or heard the Counsell and Company for Virginia send greetinge whereas the right HONOble Henry Earle of Southhampton Sr Edwin Sandy knight John fferar Thomas Knightley Gabrielle BarboR and John Delbridge haue for the advancement and supporte of the Colonie in Virginia furnished and sett out the good Shippe called Bona Noua of the burden of 190 tun to transporte and carrie ouer into Virginia fortie fiue persons there to plant and inhabite together with sundrie necessarie prouisions aswell for the said Passengers as also for the benifitt and advancement of the Colonie and haue ordained John Huddlestone to be the GouernoR and Captaine ouer the said Shippe and Marriners as also of all the Passengers and Wee therefore do by these present straightly charge and comand the said John Huddleston to take the directest course according to his best skill for Virginia and there to land & deliver  all the Passengers and good accordinge as he shalbe here ordered and appointed and after the pformance of the said voyage wee do by these present giue full and [and] authority vnto the said John Hudleston and the rest of the Marriners of the Bova Noua freely to fish in all pt of the Sea cost of Virginia between the degrees of thirty three and forty fiue of Northerly latitude as also ath their pleasure to land on the said Coast and the same to vse aswell for dryinge of their nett dryinge and salting of their fish as also for all necessarie vses for themselues and fishinge duringe the time of that seruice without wronginge or annoying the priuate possesion of any man Straightly charginge and requiringe all Inhabitant or members of the Colonye of Virginia and all other psons tradinge thither or there remayninge to giue noe disturbance or annoyance contrary to the effect of these present to the said John Hudleston or to the ship the Bova Noua or any other vessell boat Agent ffactors Marriners SayloRS or labourers thervnto belong as they will answere the Contrary at their perrill And wee doe further charge the said John Hudleston not to interrupt any Shippinge of the Subject of any his maTE freind or Allies  or any other whatsoeuer during his said voyage but if he shalbe chased or encountred by any mann of Warre or other saile whatsoeuer that shall goe about to hinder his proceeding or doe him any violence in such cases accordinge to the power graunted vnto vs his MaTIE wee will and comand him with all his power and vttermost endeauoR to repell resist and defend himselfe and our honors against the vniust force of what Nation souer aswell in his passage outward as homward as in all harboRS Riuers members of the Territories of our Plantacon And this our Comission shalbe his sufficient warrant herein In witnesse of the premisses wee haue herevnto caused the Comon Seale of Or Company to be fixed Giuen in a great and generall Quarter Courte the 21 of Nouemb: and in the yeares of the raigne of Or soveraigne Lourde James by the grace of God Kinge of England Scotland ffrance and Ireland DefendoR of the faith etc that is to say of England ffrance and Ireland the nineteenth and of Scotland the fiue and fifith.
Susan Myra Kinsbury, ed., The Records of The Virginia Company of London (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1906-35), 1:241-47.
Chancery Records. Town Depositions Public Record Office Class 1630-1631 Pages 1 & 2 No. 50 John Hart c. John Deldridge. See C2 Charles II H 26/62 & D 23/70 CLASS C 24/565 Depositions on behalf of hart: 1p Tristram Conyman, July 6, 1630, Describes the voyage of the "Bona Nova" to Canada to fish in November 1623. Not sure if any tobacco was laden aboard in Virginia. Page 2 p.5 Thomas Biare, April 2, 1631, Was employed by Mr. Farrar, Mr. Barker and Delbridge to fit out the "Bona Nova" for a fishing voyage. Praises the part played by Hart in the fitting out. p.6 Humprey Barrett, April 6, 1631, Hart managed the whole business of setting out the ship. p.7 Gabriel Barbor, April 12, 1631, Describes arrangements for the voyage of the "Bona Nova", "Hopewell", and the "Darling". "Bona Nova" returned in September 1622 and fitted out for a second voyage to Canada.
Chancery Proceedings. Series I. Charles I Public Record Office 1628-1629 CLASS C2 Charles 1 H42/64 John Hart c. John Delbridge did in May May 1622 agree to set forth several ships for a fishing voyage to New England. They approached Hart to organize the voyages and to keep the accounts. Afterwards Mr. John Ferrar became partner with Delbridge and Barbour, each having a one-third share. It was agreed that Hart should be paid L40 for his services. Ferrar and Barbour have each paid him L15 but he has not received the L10 from Delbridge. In November 1633 he was again employed in settling out the "Bona Nova" for fishing in New England.
Chancery Depositions. Elizabeth I to Charles. Public Record Office 1630/31 Page 2 of 2 Survey Report No. 10719 1p Depositions on behalf of Delbridge. Nicholas Delbridge. In 1622 he and Hart were employed in fitting out the "Bona Nova" from Plymouth to Canada on a fishing voyage. Believes Hart was employed by John Delbridge.
A California editor told me three years ago that there were Huddlestons among the rich miners of that state; and there is a notable branch from Valentine Huddleston who came to the Plymouth colony in A. D. 1622. This gentleman is among the list of the proprietors of Dartmouth. He had two sons the eldest family name of Henry. Nothing can be more clear and straight than the pedigree of this branch; and its direct descendant at the present day one of New York's most esteemed and influential citizens. From All The Days Of My Life by Amelia Edith Huddleston Barr.
Savage's Genealogical Dictionary of the First Planters A GENEALOGICAL DICTIONARY of THE FIRST SETTLERS OF NEW ENGLAND, SHOWING THREE GENERATIONS OF THOSE WHO CAME BEFORE MAY, 1692, ON THE BASIS OF FARMER'S REGISTER. BY JAMES SAVAGE, FORMER PRESIDENT OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY AND EDITOR OF WINTHROP'S HISTORY OF NEW ENGLAND. WITH TWO SUPPLEMENTS IN FOUR VOLUMES. [[Corrected electronic version copyright Robert Kraft, July 1994]] Baltimore GENEALOGICAL PUBLISHING CO., INC. Originally Published Boston, 1860-1862 Reprinted with "Genealogical Notes and Errata," excerpted from The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. XXVII, No. 2, April, 1873, pp. 135-139 And A Genealogical Cross Index of the Four Volumes of the Genealogical Dictionary of James Savage, by O. P. Dexter, 1884. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. Baltimore, 1965,1969,1977,1981,1986, 1990 Library of Congress Catalogue Card Number 65-18541 International Standard Book Number: 0-8063-0309-3 Set Number: 0-8063-0795 Volume 1-Volume 2-Volume 3-Volume 4- Vol3, pp 422-423 This 4-volume dictionary lists early settlers and gives biographical data, relevant to genealogists, but also to students of early local history in Massachusetts. In Vol. 2 HUDDLESTONE, VALENTINE, Newport, by w. Catharine had Henry, b. 21 Sept. 1673; and George, 28 Sept. 1677. He rem. to Dartmouth, and d. 8 June 1727, in 99th yr. as is said. []