There may have been two Stephen Hughes, both born near the same time (c1685 or so).One was the son of Robert Hughes (b. c1650 probably York Co, to be New Kent in 1654; d.1720 Henrico Co., the area below the James River which would become Goochland Co. in 1728; Cumberland Co. in 1749, and Powhatan Co. in 1777).Robert Hughes was the son of Rees Hughes, Sr. (c1625-1698 New Kent Co., VA St. Peter's Parish, very near the church and Black Creek).Robert Hughes was a Quaker.He married Sarah Tarleton, daughter of Stephen Tarleton and Susanna Bates.Stephen Tarleton had land very close to Rees Hughes, Sr. on Black Creek in New Kent Co.
So if Stephen Hughes, son of Robert, married Elizabeth Tarleton she was probably some kind of cousin of his (common practice in those days, especially among the Quakers).
The other Stephen Hughes appears to have been the son of Edward Hughes, most probably a brother of Robert, above.Edward was also a Quaker.While Robert settled c1682 on land in what is now Hanover Co., just east of Mechanicsville (and was there until after 1711 when he moved his family south of the James River on Hughes Creek in what is now Powhatan Co.), Edward settled in Henrico Co, probably 6 1/2 or 7 miles south (and across the Chickahominy River) of where Robert had his 855 acres, patented in 1682.Edward Hughes settled in the midst of Childers, Pledge, and Perkins families.
Abraham Childers married Hester Pledge, widow of John Cannon.John Cannon was quite a bit older than Hester and Hester appears to have had sons William and John Cannon with her first husband.John Cannon died some time before 1696 and Abraham married his widow.Abraham and Hester (Pledge,Cannon) Childers had a daughter, Elizabeth Childers, b. 1697.Elizabeth Childers was the wife of Stephen Hughes, and it looks as if this was Stephen Hughes, son of Edward.
Will of Abraham Childers, Sr.
To son Abram, _____ parts of will torn & missing)
Plantation I live on to wife for life, and at her death to son Abram
To daughter Elizabeth, wife of Stephen Hughes, 1 shilling Land to daughter Tabitha if son Abraham dies
All the rest to wife Hester, and able to be executrix
Dated 14 Jan. 1718. Probated 4 July 1720 on oaths of William Frogmorton and Edward Enroughty
Then there is this from Goochland Road Orders, 1728-44:
20 August 1728 Old Style
Surveyor of the road
Anthony Hoggat is appointed Surveyor of the back road over Tuckahoe Creek from the County line upwards.
COMMENT: Tuckahoe Creek serves as the boundary between Henrico and Goochland Cos. from the James River to up about half-way through the counties, then the main branch heads in a northwesterly direction for about 2 miles, then almost straight west for another 4 miles, remaining a mile or so south of the Hanover/Goochland border.It was this area north of Tuckahoe Creek in present-day Goochland Co. that Anthony Hoggatt was appointed Road Surveyor.This is in northeast present-day Goochland Co.
18 July 1732 O.S., p. 89
Hogatt & c. to view road at Manakin town.
Anthony Hoggatt and Stephen Hughes are appointed to view the Manakin town roads and to report their Opinion which is most proper to be kept open or if another may be more
conveniently made to supply the use of these roads.
Today, Manakin Town road still exists and it runs from the Hanover/Goochland Cos. border (about 2 miles southwest of the town of Rockville in Hanover Co.) down to Manakin Town near the James River, traversing almost the whole width of Goochland Co.
So here, in 1732 there is a Stephen Hughes who is to view a road with Anthony Hoggatt who is the Road Surveyor for the area in far northeast Goochland County.This, I believe, was Stephen, a son of Edward Hughes who lived near the Childers, and who married Elizabeth Childers, daughter of Abraham and Hester Childers.
Stephen Hughes, son of Robert the Quaker, at this time lives below the James River, and has been operating the ferry that goes over the James River at the point where US 522 now crosses the James.Hughes Creek, where the Robert Hughes family settled is only a mile or son east of there.