Hi, Kim This email exchange has enabled us to clarify a difficult situation. Your excellent job of checking on the original documents solves the question and confirms that: - Grace MARTIN, wife of Alexander KEELING, is the daughter of John MARTIN, not his granddaughter. - John MARTIN is said father-in-law in the will of Adam KEELING, and thus the father of Ann MARTIN, Adam's wife. - Joel MARTIN is said Ann's brother, and therefore son of John. But it is also the nephew of the same Adam KEELING, always her sister's husband, why? You had already brilliantly explained, Kim, that John MARTIN, father of Ann, wife of Adam KEELING, is the father-in-law of Adam. But married with Ann KEELING, Adam's sister, he become his brother-in-law, and his son Joel, become the nephew of Adam, and also his brother-in-law. Very simple and obvious. But you had to find it! I agree with your assumptions Kim, even if the age difference between John MARTIN, despite the imprecision, and his daughter Ann is low. It remains the mystery of John's mother, Katherine CHAMPENOWNE. I found nothing about her, she could be the wife of John MARTIN, mentioned in my message 1205 of 16/03/2011. If anyone has information... But no one should forget the genealogic Kim's theorem: "When a man marries the sister of his daughter's husband, his son is at the same time nephew and brother-in-law of his son-in-law."