Sarah Martha Keeling (sometimes given as Sarah W.) was born 27 Sep 1801 (very likely in Elbert County GA) to Leonard and Elizabeth Haynes Keeling. She was at home in 1820 but not in 1830. A family letter dated 1925 states that she "married John Patterson, Anderson Co., South Carolina." In 1830 the family of John B. Patterson [born 1800-1810] was living in Anderson Co., SC rather close to William [Baskin] Patterson (see below), who was only two entries from William Keeland, whom I believe to be Sarah's brother William Haynes Keeling (see message # 860). In the 1840 census John B.'s family was living in Habersham Co., GA (where the Keelings had moved) next to Sarah's sister [Jane Keeling Jennings, wife of Asa] and not far from their father. In 1850 the Pattersons do not appear in either county.
In 1850 Abbeville District, SC a family headed by Sarah Patterson [44; born in SC] contained seven children: William , Leonard , Thomas , Rebecca , Jasper , John , and James . The names William, Leonard, and Thomas are the names of Sarah Keeling's three oldest brothers (and Leonard was the name of her father). Of particular interest is Leonard, an uncommon name in SC and GA at that time, but a name that occurred in nearly every generation of Keelings. It would appear from the children’s birth dates that the Abbeville Sarah married about 1827 and her husband died about 1843. Comparing the 1850 to the 1830 and 1840 censuses of the John B. Patterson family shows a match for all of the children, except for a missing daughter who would have been slightly over 20 years old in 1850. In 1860 this family (without Sarah, John B., and son William) is living in Cotton Plant, Tippah County, MS.
Leonard N. Patterson served in Co. K 10th Miss. Inf. and died of disease on 27 Jul 1862 at Saltillo, MS during the Civil War. His commanding officer wrote that L. N. Patterson was born in Anderson District, SC. Cemetery listings of Ebenezer Cemetery in Cotton Plant, MS give his date of birth as 26 Jun 1834.
Thomas M. Patterson was born about 1835 and served in Co. K 10th Miss. Inf. during the Civil War. His commanding officer wrote that he had been born in Abbeville District, SC. He was a Sergeant when he died of pneumonia in a Shelbyville, TN hospital on 27 Jan 1863. The Sexton of City Cemeteries in Shelbyville has verified that Sgt. T. M. Patterson was buried on 27 Jan 1863 in an unmarked grave in the Confederate section of Willow Mount Cemetery.
James M. Patterson was the third of the brothers (with Leonard N. and Thomas M.) who enlisted together in Co. K 10th Miss. Inf. on the same day in Holly Springs, MS. He was discharged for disability in 1862. His commanding officer wrote that he had been born in Habersham County, GA. James married Mary Catherine Jennings from South Carolina on 8 Oct 1863 in Tippah, MS. They had eleven children, four of whom were alive in 1900. The 1900 census lists his birth in GA in Mar 1843. His Union County, MS death certificate states that he was born 23 Mar 1843 and died 5 Nov 1916. The names of his parents were not listed. He is buried at Ebenezer Cemetery in Cotton Plant.
Rebecca A. Patterson married William S. Nelson on 23 Mar 1862 in Tippah, MS. They had no children, but reared a number of nieces and nephews. The 1900 census lists her mother as born in GA, her father as born in SC, and her birth in SC in May 1837. Cemetery listings for Pleasant Hill Cemetery in Union County, MS (not far from Cotton Plant) list her birth on 7 May 1838, and her death on 20 Jan 1904. The year 1837 for her birth is the more likely, given Jasper's date of birth (see below).
Jasper M. Patterson served in Co. B 23rd Miss. Inf. He married Martha E. S. Brooks on 10 Dec 1868 in Tippah. They had seven children, all of whom lived to be adults. Cemetery listings for New Albany Cemetery in Union Co., MS give his date of birth as 6 Apr 1839. The 1900 census lists his birth in GA in Apr 1839 to a GA mother and GA father. His Union County death certificate gives his age at death as 75 y 10m 9d and his date of death as 15 Feb 1915. It further states that he was born in GA to William Patterson of GA (this was actually his grandfather or uncle) and Sarah Keelen of GA.
The daughter missing in 1850 is undoubtedly Eliza J. Patterson who married J. J. Carlisle in Habersham Co., GA on 21 Dec 1847. The couple had thirteen children, eight of whom were alive in 1900. They were living next to Sarah Patterson in Abbeville District, SC in 1850, and in 1860 they were listed two entries from Eliza's siblings (Thomas, Rebecca, and James) in Tippah Co., MS. Her Union Co., MS death certificate gives her birth on 10 Jan 1828 in SC, death on 24 Feb 1915, and her burial at Pleasant Hill Cemetery in New Albany, Union Co., MS. It also listed her parents as Jasper Patterson (this was actually her uncle) and Sallie Kelan of SC. She had a son named John Baskin Carlile, another named William Jasper Carlile (see below), and a third named Leonard Kelan Carlile (Leonard Keeling was Eliza's maternal grandfather). Given this naming pattern it is rather likely (but unproven) that the full name of Eliza's father (John B.) was John Baskin Patterson.
John W. Patterson was born about 1841 and enlisted with his brother Jasper M. in Co. B 23rd Miss. Inf. on the same day in 1861. Their enlistment records show John W. as age 20 in Jul 1861, two years younger than Jasper, which is consistent with the census records. He was captured at Fort Donelson and paroled, and then captured at Vicksburg and paroled. The last listing in his military records is for Aug 1864 at the parole camp in Demopolis, AL. I have found no proof of him after the war, and have found no listed grave in Tippah or Union Counties, MS. There is a marriage record in Tippah County of J. W. Patterson to Elizabeth J. Roach on 1 Feb 1861. There does not appear to be any other J. W. Patterson of marriageable age in the 1860 Tippah County census other than John W. In 1880 Elizabeth Patterson is living in Union County, MS with her parents [James and Nancy Roach] and is listed as divorced. Living next door with her aunt and uncle [Andrew J. and Bettie Roach] is Allice Patterson , born in MS with a father from SC and a mother from AR. Elizabeth is the only one of James Roach's children to be born in AR. It appears likely that Alice is the daughter of John W. Patterson and Elizabeth J. Roach.
I could not access the Tippah County divorce records (it requires a visit to Ripley, MS) and could not find John W. in the 1870 census, but a John W. [or J. W.] Patterson is found in the 1880 Titus, TX, 1900 Nolan, TX, and 1910 and 1920 Morris, TX censuses. He is uniformly listed as born in SC, with a SC father and GA mother. His date of birth is given as 17 May 1842. These facts are reasonably consistent with the Tippah John W. Patterson. Of special interest is the fact that John B. Carlile (son of Eliza and the nephew of John W.) is living in Nolan County only 16 households away from the TX John W. Patterson. The latter died 11 Mar 1928 and is buried at Snow Hill Cemetery in Titus County, TX. He is a strong (but unproven) contender for the missing John W. Patterson. The primary weak points are his year and place of birth.
William Patterson was born about 1828 in SC (probably in Anderson District) and in 1850 was living in Abbeville in the household of Sarah. In 1860 there was a William J. Patterson living in Tippah with a wife [Isabel C.] and two very young daughters. He was born 22 Dec 1822 and died 17 Jan 1878, and is buried with his wife in Ebenezer Cemetery, Cotton Plant, MS. This is William Jasper Patterson, youngest son of William Baskin Patterson (see below) and the uncle of the William Patterson who was the son of John B. Patterson and Sarah Keeling. I have been unable to trace the latter William past 1850. Since he apparently did not make the trip to Tippah, it is possible that he died in SC before 1860.
Warren Patterson directed me to a rare book, "One Man's Family - A Brief Sketch of the Davis and Patterson Families..." by Samuel Jasper Patterson, who was a son of William Jasper Patterson and a grandson of William Baskin Patterson. The book was likely written about 1950 and names John B. Patterson, born 12 Feb 1805 and died 1843, as a son of William Baskin and Jane Henderson Patterson. John B.'s wife was not named, although it did name five of his children (all except William, Leonard, and Thomas - probably because they died young), and five of his grandchildren then (ca. 1950) living in New Albany, MS. John B.'s date of birth conflicts with that of his sister Rebecca [Dec 1804] (who is listed as first born) and 1806 is more likely.
Cemetery listings on the Internet of Ebenezer Cemetery in Cotton Plant, MS have the following members of William Baskin Patterson's family, based on names and dates from the book, (Internet) marriage listings for Abbeville District, SC, and those families' proximity to other Pattersons. These relationships are unproven (by me) but are consistent with the book, at least where spouses are named.
Patterson, William Baskin12/12/17771/14/1854
Patterson, Jennette Henderson8/10/178310/10/1854
Stewart, Rebecca S. Patterson12/01/18049/02/1884
McBryde, Margaret R.3/10/18072/09/1893
Patterson, Thomas H.7/24/18143/07/1900
Patterson, W. J.12/22/18221/17/1878 [William Jasper]
Esther and Henry Atkins lived in Tippah in 1850 before moving to Drew (now Lincoln) Co., AR. They are buried at Jones Cemetery in Glendale, Lincoln County, AR.
Atkins, Esther P.5-22-181211-15-1888 [Esther Patterson Atkins]
Daughter Mary Patterson (born about 1810), who married William Green, was living in Tippah in 1860, and Leonard N. was living with them. If this reconstruction is correct, these are all of the members of William Baskin and Jeanette Patterson's family who lived to be adults. It should be no surprise that John B.'s family was living in Tippah Co., MS. The children joined their Patterson relatives in Tippah, MS, possibly after the death of their mother. The other grandparents, Leonard and Elizabeth Keeling, were both dead in GA by this time.
In 1850 and 1860 the census listings uniformly give place of birth for John B.'s family as SC, but not after 1870. Rebecca and the older children are uniformly listed in every census as born in SC, and both Thomas M. and Leonard N. were identified in their military records as born in SC. After 1870 Jasper and James were usually listed as born in GA, while James' military records identify him as born in Habersham Co., GA. In nearly every census their father was listed as born in SC, but in three censuses their mother was listed as born in GA. This is consistent with what we know about Sarah Keeling and John B. Patterson and the census information in 1830 and 1840.
The evidence suggests that the family moved from Anderson, SC to Abbeville, SC about 1835 and then a few years later to GA, where they may have lived until the late 1840s before moving back to Abbeville. I have no specific information about Sarah's death or that of John B. The birth of James M. in Habersham in 1843 and the marriage of Eliza J. in Habersham, GA in 1847 suggest that the family was still there when John B. died. It seems likely that Sarah died in Abbeville, but she could have traveled to Tippah with the rest of the family. If so, she is probably buried there in an unmarked grave. Almost all (and possibly all) of the other members of that family are in marked graves, however. For this reason I believe it likely that she died and is buried in Abbeville District, SC.
The family letter, the book, and the military information together with the time-line provided by the censuses make a very strong argument. This is strengthened by the presence of the children's grandparents and many aunts and uncles in Cotton Plant. The identification of Sarah Keelen as the mother of Jasper, and Sallie Kelan as the mother of Eliza makes a solid argument that the Tippah County, MS family is the family of John B. Patterson of SC and Sarah Martha Keeling of Elbert Co., GA. The presence of a Leonard Kelon (i.e. Keeling) Carlile in this family makes it a virtual certainty.
I recently found a Rootsweb listing for John B.'s family (without Sarah) by a descendant of Jasper. The children are: Jasper Monroe, Eliza Jane, William Baskin, Leonard Newton, Thomas, Elizabeth Rebecca, John Washington, James Madison, and Betsy Malinda (died as infant). This would appear to be information passed down the family. With the possible exception of Rebecca, the additional names are consistent with the information above.
This information could not have been compiled without the help of Warren Patterson [see message # 846]. Both of us would be very grateful to receive any additional information about the family of John B. Patterson and Sarah Martha Keeling.