Thanks for that explanation about how/why Grimes was murdered. Now I understand the incident that J.J. referred to in his letter to the editor, though he said he didn't participate in it -- he wanted to, but he was too old, he said.
And I know some of your explanation about reconstruction and post reconstruction days is a popular one, are you aware of the new material on this period being recently discussed by historians such as David Cecelski, Tim Tyson and Glenda Gilmore?
Though you're right, a good portion of the African descendants were held back because of circumstances beyond their control, a large population of this group of citizens became quite successful, in Wilmington for example, and it was this success that did them in.
Democracy Betrayed is a good one to read if you haven't already.
Again, I appreciate that history of Grimes. I work in the Washington areaseveral times a year and drive by Grimesland all the time -- now i know who it was named after.
Do you happen to know if J.J. was superintendent of the Raleigh prison before 1910?or did he hold any other office?
In the story I'm researching, the lynching which J.J. wrote to condone, it is quite certain that one of the boys, and they were boys not men, was innocent -perhaps the other as well. They were only 11 and 13. J.J. didn't seem too interested in giving them their rights, even though they were childen.