The Lewkenor monument in West Dean church, as shown in the photograph in “Chawton House and Its Owners” taken before the fire there last century definitely shows the coat of arms which is identical to that of the first Sir Richard Lewkenor’s grandson, Sir Christopher, as shown on his turtle coat of arms in the same publication.
However, I have just come across in my notes, from the “History of Ludlow”, J.B.Nichols & Son, 25 Parliament St., MDCCCXLI, a copy of which is to be found in Shropshire Archives, Shrewsbury:
Arms and inscriptions formerly existing in the Castle of Ludlow and Bull Inn there, extracted from the manuscript in the possession of John Mytton, Esq., of Halston Hall in Shropshire, 1823:
P.241 CXVIII Ricx’us Lewkenor, miles, serviens and legem et justic’ Cestriae, anno 41 Elizabethae, arms: Azure, 3 chevronnels argent.Sir Richard Lewkenor son of John (sic) Lewkenor of West Dean in Sussex, was Serjeant-at-law, Chief Justice of Chester, Representative and Recorder of Chichester.He died in the year 1616, aet 76.By descent he also granted the arms of the families of Bardolph, Tregoz, Dallingridge, Braose, Echingham, Camoys, Hussey, D’Oyley, Grandison and Goring.
With Lewkenor, that makes 11.
However, as Sir Richard’s father is given as “John”, when he was most definitely “Edmund” leaves doubt for the veracity of the above.Edmund died having father a young family.There seems to have been some doubt as to whether he was “Edmund” or “Edward”.There is a note in the Lewkenor Book of Hours to the effect that the bishop had confirmed that the lad’s name was Edmund as that was the name with which he had baptized the child.
Comparing with the Denham arms, and avoiding Sir Christopher’s interpretation, the West Dean monument having been completed, presumably, by Sir Christopher and his brothers, we have
Ludlow West Dean Denham 1562 Visitations Carpet Note
(Named only) (M. Knight) (Some named)
Lewkenor Lewkenor Lewkenor Lewkenor Lewkenor 1.
Bardolph Bardolf Bardolph Bardolfe None 2.
Tregoz Tregoz Tregoz Tregoz Tregoz 3.
Dallingridge Dallingridge Dallingridge Dallingridge Dallingridge 4.
Braose Gronsted Broose Braose None 5.
Echingham Echingham Echingham Echingham None 6.
Camoys Camoys Camoys Camoys Camoys 7.
Hussey Bruse Radmylde Braose? Hussey 8.
D’Oyley D’Oyley D’Oyley Described D’Oyley 8.
Grandison Gornau None Grandison imp Meulx? 9.
Goring Goring Halsham? Goring None 10.
Braose (but which?) Braose No lion etc. Described No lion etc. 11.
None Poyning None Described None 12.
Senior Braose? Gronsted? Radmylde Braose Hussey? 13.
None None Noell None None 14.
Goring? Goring Halsham? Goring None 15.
None Culpeper None Folyott None 16.
None None None Described Spencer imp 17.
None Moyne None Described Impaled 18.
None None None None West/Delawarre 19.
None None None None Pelham 20.
None Audley/Touchet None None Audley/Touchet 21.
1. Lewkenor: Az 3 chevronnels argent (throughout)
2. Bardolf:Az 3 cinquefoils or(on all arms but missing from carpet)
3. Tregoz: Az 2 bars gemells & in chief lion pass-guard or (throughout)
4. Dallingridge: Ar or Or a cross engrailed gules
5. Senior line Braose, identified as Gronsted by Montague Knight.See Note 22.
6. Echingham: Az, a fret argent (throughout)
7. Camoys: . Or on a chief gules 3 bezants (throughout)
8. Hussey: Gules, 3 bars ermine. Sir Roger of Bodiam Castle and Dedisham Park m 2. Constance sometimes calledElizabeth) Hussey.Elizabeth Mephant was honouring her husband’s previous wife.
9. D’Oyley: Gules 3 stags’ heads cabossed or.(Described, but not identified in Visitations.)
10. Goring:Argent a chevron between 3 annulets (or mullets) gules (On all the Sussex arms, not Denham).
11. Grandison: Az 3 pales ar on chief gules 3 crosses patty argent. Called Gourau by Knight. Shown as Lewkenor impaling Meulx on carpet?
12. Braose: Az, a lion rampant with an orle of cross-crosslets fitchee or. Tadody Braose. Described but not identified in Visitation.
13. Poyning:Barry of 6 or and vert, a bend gules. Described but notidentified by Visitations. Does not feature inLudlow choice.)
14. Radmylde: Barry of 6, ermine and gules See Note 22.
15. Noell: 3 pales gules in a field or.
16. Halsham: Argent, a chevron gules between 3 torteaux (Goring?)
17. Folyott:Argent a bend engrailed gules. Knight interpreted as Culpeper, reverse tincts.
18. Spencer: Quarterly 1 & 4 Gules, a fret or; 2 & 3 Ermine, a chevron gules.
19. Moyne: Argent, two bars and in chief 3 mullets sable.
20. West/De la Warre: Warre: Gules 1 & 4 crusilly fitchy a lion rampant, argent; West: 2 & 3 Az, 3 leopards’ heads inverted jessant de lis or. Only appears on the carpet. Was Mary West one of the wives of Sir Roger Lewkenor of Broadhurst 1420-1478. Elizabeth, thereby, honouring her husband’s grandmother or his grandfather’s other wife?
21. Pelham: Azure, 3 pelicans argent. Only appears on the carpet. The first wife of Sir Thomas Lewkenor of Goring, father of Sir Roger of Bodian Castle and Dedisham Park, the first husband of Elizabeth Mephant, was Katherine Pelham.Elizabeth was honouring her husband’s mother.
22. There are three very similar coats of arms, which have been identified as belonging to different individuals:Gules 3 bars ermine is identified as Radmylde, Hussey, Keynes and Gronsted.Gules 3 bars vaire argent and azure is Braose as described in the Suffolk Visitation. I have, before me, a depiction of senior Braose arms which I would describe, in plain English in order to avoid any misunderstanding, as 6 bars, 1,3 & 5 being ermine and gules, 2, 4 and 6 being azure.
Sussex Notes and Queries, P.151: “Included in Vincent’s Sussex Pedigrees is one of the Lewkenor family: with which there is a copy of a seal attached to a deed made between Joane the wife of Thomas Tregoz and her son, Sir John Doyley, and Sir Roger Lewknor on the other.The deed is sealed by Sir Roger Lewknor: who seals with:- Quarterly of four, 1 & 4 gules three bars vaire (Keynes) and 2 & 3 azure three chevrons argent (Lewknor). If this information is taken from an imprint on red wax, how is it that the colours are known? Lewknor may be rightly assumed, but surely Keynes should be approached with care.
I am really pleased to have your information, Steven.Sir Richard Lewknor was buried at Ludlow in 1616. The West Dean monument must have been commissioned two generations later, perhaps even by the widow of the third Sir Richard. The Ludlow and the Denham arms are reassuringly similar in the earlier depictions.
I am reeling quite a bit from all this; any corrections gratefully accepted. Time to unpick the carpet.