The paper trail told us there had to be a kinship between Richard Lock b. about 1700-1720 and John Lock b. 1726. Both of Frederick County and Berkeley County Virginia USA.
The paper trial showed us they at least knew each other, but us family researchers have not been able to find that 1 record to link the 2 men as being related.
DNA testing 1 Richard Lock descendant and 1 John Lock descendant proves they are 100% related. They both match 12/12 on the marker test and just as important, they both match as Haplo Group H.
Thanks to DNA testing, we can finally say we KNOW they are related because their descendants are a DNA match! The only remaining question is, exactly how they are related, some of us suspect they are either brothers, or 1st cousins. Regardless, DNA testing proves the kinship between the 2 family's.
This is the perfect example of using DNA testing to prove suspected kinships. We tested 1 man from each family and they were an exact match. This won't always work because there are so many variables, like infidelity, adoptions, paper trail connection errors etc: But in this case, our tons of years of research has finally been proven through DNA testing.
I am the 10th generation from Richard Lock. The other participant I think is like the 9th or 10th generation from John Lock. So there is a good gap of genetic distance between us, but we still exactly match.
The haplo group matching is just as important as matching by the numbers. Because both participants are haplo group H, and both familys can trace back to Frederick County and Berkeley County Virginia, this is a 100% exact match.
Had we both been haplo group R1b like most of the rest of the Lock(e)'s in the DNA project, a 12/12 match wouldn't be enough evidence, only by upgrading would we be able to prove the kinship. But, in this case, the Richard Lock and John Lock descendants are the only haplo group H Lock(e)'s in the DNA project and both have fully traced their family tree's, this is an easy call to say they are 100% related.
Upgrading their DNA test to the 25 marker or 37 marker at this point isn't required. Upgrading would surely show both participants would continue to match, but because of the genetic distance there would likely be a few marker mutations, which would be expected considering how distantly related the 2 participants are to each other.
Now, there are other Lock men of Frederick County and Berkeley County Virginia 1700's whom will more then likely DNA match us Richard and John Lock descendants.
If you can trace your lineage back to one of the men listed below, I highly encourage you to DNA test to see if you match us.
Jacob Lock (not the Rev. Jacob Lock) b. unknown, of Berkeley County and Hampshire County Virginia (WV) He had 2 known sons, Thomas Lock and Abraham Lock. Nothing is known about Thomas. Abraham lived in Washington County Virginia and Lee County Virginia. He later settled in Chariton County Missouri. Abraham's descendants settled in Polk County and Benton County Oregon. One son stayed in Chariton County Missouri where his direct male descendants remain today on the original Lock farm.
Also looking for descendants of: Samuel Lock b. 1752 descendants, he lived in Washington County and Montgomery County Virginia. He had 2 known sons, Abraham Lock and Samuel Jr. Lock. The sons lived in Lee County Virginia. Abraham and family settled in Harlan County Kentucky, his descendants lived in Knox County and Bell County Kentucky. Samuel Jr. Lock remained in Lee County Virginia for some time.
Also looking for descendants of: Frederick Lock b. unknown, lived in Berkeley County Virginia 1770's. Nothing more is known about him.
Also looking for descendants of : Abraham Lock b. unknown, he is not the same Abraham son of Samuel or Jacob Lock. This Abraham Lock is much older then the other 2 Abraham Lock's. This Abraham Lock is listed in a 1754 Frederick County Virginia land deed as a chain carrier. Nothing more is known about this man. He is suspected to be the father of Jacob Lock and Samuel Lock listed above.
Also looking for descendants of Philip Lock b. 1600's of Maryland, his descendants lived in St. Marys County Maryland and 1 branch, Meverall Lock lived in Frederick County Virginia
If what I suspect is true, all the men mentioned are all related and DNA testing you male descendants can prove it.
DNA testing Lock(e) men from around the world is the goal, but I have my own personal interest to see certain men DNA tested to prove my suspicions that many of the family's of Virginia are all directly related.