Please keep an open mind as you read the following and please remember I studied these records for years.
In the records below, Nash Co NC was formed in 1777 from part of Edgecombe Co NC.
Benjamin Pittman (father of Mary Pittman) bought land in Edgecombe Co NC on 12 Aug 1749, Samuel L Bottoms/Longbottom (Sr) was recorded in Abemarle Parish, Surry Co VA on 2 Jun 1751 and Samuel and Mary were married before 23 Aug 1755 (Edgecombe Co NC), so Samuel and Mary married Jun 1751-Aug 1755 in Edgecombe Co NC (in the later Nash Co area).
Samuel L Bottoms (Sr)* married (1st) Mary Pittman before 23 Aug 1755 (Mary Bottoms in her father’s Will) and they were still married on 24 Aug 1769 (land deed, “Samuel Longbottom and wife Mary Bottom”) in Edgecombe Co NC, selling the land of Benjamin Pittman. Benjamin's wife in 1743 (Isle of Wight Co VA) was Fortune, in 1755was Ann.
?Child of Samuel L Bottoms (Sr) and Mary Pittman born BEFORE they were legally married:?
1. William Pittman** (aka William L Bottoms/Longbottom), born in/before 1755; William L Bottoms was recorded in Nash Co NC in 1778, 1779, 1782, 1785, 1787, 1790, 1795, 1799, 1800, 1810 and 1820; William Pittman was recorded in Nash Co NC 1823-1828.
he married 1st ?Lucy/Luese (Unknown)? before 1795, Nash Co NC
he married 2nd/3rd Sally Eason, 18 Jan 1823 (Amos L Bottoms present)
he married 3rd/4th Susan Poland, before 16 Mar 1825
he died in/before Feb 1828, Nash Co NC (as William Pittman)
Amos L Bottoms m widow Susan Poland Pittman 1730-1743
Children in 1827: Mary Ann Pittman, William Briant Pittman ?b abt 1813?
guardian Jonas Joyner in May 1833 (perhaps guardianship ended before May 1833)
1810 FC (6 Aug 1810-1 May 1811) Wm L Bottoms 1-0-0-0-1-/-0-2-2-0-1-0
1 male under 10, 1 male 45 or+; 2 females 10-15, 2 females 16-25, 1 female 45 or+
1820 FC Bottoms William 1-0-0-0-0-1-/-0-0-0-1-0-0
1830 FC (see Susan Poland, Nash Co NC)
Children of Samuel L Bottoms (Sr) and Mary Pittman born after they were legally married:
2. Samuel L Bottoms (Jr), the oldest legal son, born after Jun 1751, married Allamenta (Unknown) (Will, 1795), born after 1765 (1810 FC)
3. Buly Bottoms (1761-1848), m William Baker (Jr), Nash Co NC
4. Sarah Longbottom (died 1805, Nash Co NC)***
5. Fortune L Bottoms, married Mr Whiddon 1795-1805***
6?(daughter) Bottoms, d before Feb 1805, m William Lindsey?
Samuel L Bottoms (Sr) married (2nd) Celia Pittman on 25 May 1780, Nash Co NC
Children of Samuel L Bottoms (Sr) and Celia Pittman born BEFORE they were legally married:
6/7. John Pittman*** (aka John Longbottoms) (b 1766-1784, prob b 1769-1780, d 1819-1819), married Mary (probably Williams), niece Temperance Olvy Williams
7/8. Olive Pittman*** (aka Olive L Bottoms), b before 1780, d after Feb 1823
Children of Samuel L Bottoms (Sr) and Celia Pittman born after they were married on 25 May 1780:
8/9. Brittain L Bottoms (b 1776-1784, prob b 1780-1784, d in/bef 1830), married ?Polly (Unknown)?
9/10. Amos L Bottoms (b 1781-1784, d in/after 1843), m 1st ?Patsey (Unknown)?, m 2nd Susan Poland Pittman in/before 1843
All births and deaths above were in Edgecombe/Nash Co NC (Nash formed from part of Edgecombe in 1777).
I began some research by looking at the 1790-1820 Federal Census of the Bottoms/Longbottom households in Nash Co NC to try and place all the known Bottoms/Longbottom males. In the 1790 FC I found males the ages of Amos L Bottoms (born 1781-1784), Brittain L Bottoms (born 1776-1784) and John L Bottoms (born 1766-1784) in the household of Samuel L Bottoms. On this page was also William L Bottoms and I found that he owned land two properties southwest of SamuelL Bottoms (Sr) before 22 Feb 1788 so I decided that it was the household of Samuel Sr (born before 1733). Another Samuel L Bottoms was on another page and I decided thatwas SamuelJr (who died in 1795). Samuel (Jr) had 1 male over 16 (himself) and 3 females. His widow in 1810 had 3 females in her household and I wonder if the children of Samuel in his Will (Allevena and Micajah) were both females. Was Micajah ever a female name? No Micajah Bottoms/Longbottom male ever showed up.
In the 1800 FC I found a male the age of Amos L Botttoms in the household of Samuel L Bottoms (Sr) and I found the males and females indicated in the 1810 FC for Brittain L Bottoms in the 1800 household of William L Bottoms. One problem was that Brittain H Bottoms, son of Brittain L, showed in the 1850 FC that he was 45 years old (born about 1805) while the 1860-1880 FC showed him born 1811-1813. The 1840 FC showed the oldest male 20-30 (born 1810-1820) so I decided he was probably not to be found in any 1810 FC household.Brittain L and Brittain H were not in the Nash Co NC 1830 FCbut Polly L Bottoms (widow of Brittain L?) was:
Nash Co NC1830 FC Poly L Bottoms 0-1-1-0-0-0-0-0-0-0-0-0-0-1-0-0-0-0-1
Anotherproblem caused me to look carefully at the records of Brittain H Bottoms: the 1810 FC of Brittain L Bottoms had a younger male 16-25 (born 1785-1795) and there was an extra male (in addition to William L and the possible Brittain L) in the 1800 FC of William L Bottoms, the third male born 1775-1785. Those two records suggested to me that there was a Bottoms male born in the 1770's or 1780's but there were no candidates I knew of.All the Bottoms males in Nash Co NC were accounted for1790-1810, as John L Bottoms was a single male (no females) in his own household in 1800 and married before his 1810 FC.But who was the extra male in the 1800 FC with William L Bottoms and the extra male in the 1810 FC with Brittain L Bottoms?
I logged that question away and turned again to the Will of Sarah Long Bottom exhibited in Court in Nash Co NC on Thurs, 14 Feb 1805:
Sarah Long Bottom 19 Jan 1805 - Feb Ct 1805 "Weake in body." Sister Forten Whiddon - certain clothing. Sister Olief (Olive) Pittman - 1 flax wheel, $5. Brother John Pitman - 1 hat. Remainder of estate to be sold & to be divided between my 2 brothers William Lindsey & John Pitman. Ex. friend William Lindsey. Wit. Jesse Joiner, Lucy L. Bottom (Note: the assumption has been that this Will was the Will of Samuel's widow, Celia Pittman Bottoms/Longbottom).
Three months after the Will of Sarah Long Bottom was exhibited in Court this happened:
Nash Co NC Court, Wed, 14 May 1805 - p 75 – “Ordered in future that John Pitman be Call & known by the Name of John Longbottoms (sic) & to be plead & be impleaded by that Name agreeable to act of assembly in Such case made & provided” (“John Longbottoms” was recorded with Patsey L. Bottoms, Amos L. Bottoms and Lucy L. Bottoms on 5 Jun 1812).
So, Sarah did have a brother named John Pittman (aka John Longbottoms). I thought he might have been the extra male in the FC, but he was not (explained later).
Who was her sister Forten (Fortune) Whiddon? Sarah L Bottoms/Longbottom was a buyer at the estate of Samuel L Bottoms (Jr) on 30 May 1795 and so was a Fortune Bottoms/Longbottom (I have abstracted this list from a copy of the original). It appears from Sarah’s Will that Fortune Longbottom married a Mr Whiddon, 1795-1805.
Who was her sister Olive Pittman? At first I thought she was a sister-in-law to Sarah, the wife of John Pittman, but I will explain why not later on. This is one record I found: Nash Co NC Court, Wed, 12 Feb 1823 (page 201 and 207) ". . . Gerrald Daughty pay to Olive Pitman . . . (illegitimate child, no name, no age)." More on Olive later.
Who was her "brother" William Lindsey? William Lindsey (proven through DNA testing the son of a male Lindsey) was born in the westernmost part of Nash Co NC on what is today the Franklin/Nash Co line, a good 5-10 years after Benjamin Pittman wrote his 1755 Will which showed Mary Bottoms (1st wife of Samuel L Bottoms Sr), a very far distance from the Benjamin Pittman land south of Tar River bought/sold by Samuel (Sr) 1764-1769. Samuel (Sr) moved to the Holland's Branch on Sapony Creek area about 1774 and the Lindseys moved there in/after 1790. My guess is that William Lindsey was a former brother-in-law to Sarah Long Bottom in 1805. William was involved with a number of estates and guardianships (all for family members) until he died in 1817. William Lindsey was also a buyer at the 1795 estate sale of Samuel L Bottoms (Jr). His Will indicated he had been married at least twice.
Who was Jesse Joiner (Joyner)? Jesse Joyner bought the family Bible at the estate sale of Samuel L Bottoms (Jr) in 1795 and there were other Joyners who were buyers at that sale.
Who was Lucy L Bottoms? William (L) Bottoms was an executor in the Will of Samuel L Bottoms (Jr) and Lucy (L) Bottoms was one of the witnesses. I believe Lucy (also transcribed as Luese) was the wife of William L Bottoms/Longbottom in 1795. She was recorded 1795-1812 in Nash Co NC, possibly before and after those dates.
More on John Pittman (aka John Longbottoms) and Olive Pittman (aka Olive L Bottoms): I know of an instance in Nash Co NC in which a son was born illegitimate in the 1860's, his mother took his father to Court and he married her a few months later. The son was in theFC in 1870 and 1880 with his father's surname but when he married in the 1880's he had to use his legal surname (his mother's maiden name). In Nash Co in the 1700's and 1800's people could be listed in the FC and even sign as witnesses (perhaps even buy and sell land) with an "assumed" surname they were known by, which is why we find John L Bottoms (born John Pittman) in the 1795 estate records of Samuel L Bottoms (Jr) and in the 1800 FC, and why we find witness Olive L Bottoms (born Olive Pittman) below:
Samuel Longbottoms of Nash Co. to John L. Bottoms of same, May 12, 1803, for 60 pds. a tract of 120 acres on the south side of Sapony Creek on Holland's Branch adjoining Elijah Atkinson. Wit: Jesse Joiner, Oliver L. Bottoms (Olive) (Deed Book 5 Page 212).
It appears John Pittman and Olive Pittman were born to Samuel L Bottoms (Sr) and Celia Pittman before Samuel and Celia were married on 25 May 1780 and two of their sisters closest in age were Sarah L Bottoms/Longbottom and Fortune L Bottoms/Longbottom. It also appears that the 1805 Will of Sarah Long Bottoms (which showed that John L Bottoms’ legal name was John Pittman) caused him to go to Court in 1805 to have his name legally changed to “Longbottoms”as he had bought the land of Samuel L Bottoms (Sr) in 1801 and 1803 as “John Long Bottoms”and “John L Bottoms.” I also believe that that, and the Will of Sarah Long Bottoms, eventually forced William L Bottoms/Longbottom to revert to his legal name, William Pittman, who left land, marriage and death records in the 1820’s but apparently nothing before 1820 (which was the last time the name William L Bottoms was seen).
The 12 May 1803 deed above and the 13 Feb 1801 deed below were the last two land sales by Samuel L Bottoms (Sr).
Jacob Joiner of Nash Co. to Samuel Long Bottoms of same, March 6, 1799, for 30 pds. a tract of 73 acres on the south side of Sapony Creek and on Holland Branch adjoining said Joiner and said Bottoms (Witnesses?)
Samuel L. Bottoms of Nash Co. to John Long Bottoms of same, Feb. 13, 1801, for 30 pds. a tract of 73 acres on the south side of Sapony Creek and on Holland's Branch adjoining Jacob Joiner. Wit: Wn. Hall (Deed Book 6 Page 545)
Nash Co NC Court, Fri, 13 Feb 1801 (page 147 A Deed of sale from Jacob Joiner to Saml Longbottoms Senr ackd (next entry) A Deed of sale from Saml Longbottoms to John Bottoms ackd
Samuel L Bottoms/Longbottom died after 12 May 1803 and it is not known if his wife Celia Pittman Bottoms/Longbottom died before or after he died.
P.S. After writing the first draft of the above I asked myself why there were no marriage or death records for William L Bottoms; why it appeared that he was older than Samuel L Bottoms (Jr) but Samuel (Jr) was devised inheritance in the 1793 Will of his uncle Thomas Longbottom of Granville Co NC (as that would have gone to the oldest son of each family and Thomas identified three nephews); why Amos L Bottoms was present at the wedding of William Pitman and Sally Eason and why William Pittman left a Will but never showed up in the FC.And, Amos L Bottoms married Susan Poland Bottoms, widow of William Pittman.I concluded that William Pittman and William L Bottoms were the same person. I believe that buying land and witnessing deeds using an assumed surname was not a problem until the Will of Sarah Long Bottoms identified John L Bottoms/Longbottom as John Pittman which caused John to legally change his name to “John Longbottoms” and eventually
caused William to revert to William Pittman.
**I could be wrong about William Pittman, and William L Bottoms may have been the 2nd son of Samuel (Sr) and Mary, but I invite other researchers to check the records and tell me why William L Bottoms/Longbottom disappears at about the time William Pittman appears and dies, leaving land adjoining Foster Gandy's which was just two properties southeast of the land of Samuel L Bottom (Sr)'s former land. Land records should tell the rest of the story.
***It is now clear to me that the Will of Sarah Long Bottom (1805, Nash Co NC) identified four children of Samuel L Bottoms/Longbottom (Sr), some them born as Longbottom and some of them born as Pittman to Samuel and Celia Pittman before they legally married in 1780.
I found only two Pittmans in the Holland's Branch on Sapony Creek area, 1760's-1800 (excluding John and Olive above): (possibly) Mary Pittman the 1st wife of Samuel L Bottoms/Longbottom (Sr); and Celia Pittman the 2nd wife of Samuel.
*Samuel L Bottoms/Longbottom (Sr) had no sisters and 4 brothers: Jones Longbottom, b 1721-1728, older than Samuel (Sr); James Longbottom, b before 1733, younger than Samuel (Sr); Thomas Longbottom, b before 1733,younger than Thomas; and William Longbottom (Jr), b Feb-Jul 1733, the youngest. The Will of Thomas Longbottom (28 Mar 1793, May 1793, Granville Co NC) named no children and devised inheritances to "my nephews William Bottom, Samuel Bottom and Malakiah Merriman." The nephews were: William (III), son of William (Jr) (Sussex Co VA), oldest of the nephews; Samuel (Jr), son of Samuel (Sr) (Nash Co NC); and a Merriman nephew apparently through the wife of Thomas. This Will shows that only Samuel (Sr) and William (Jr) had sons in 1793 and that Thomas, Jones and James did not have sons in 1793.