Carole, James did not leave a will but Admin was granted - details as follows: James LongworthEffects under £20027 (?May) 1863 Letters of Administration of the Personal estate and effects of James Longworth late of Halliwell in the County of Lancaster Wheelwright deceased who died 22 February 1855 at Halliwell aforesaid were granted at Manchester to Sarah Longworth of Halliwell aforesaid Widow the Relict of the said Deceased she having been first sworn. His death was never registered so I don't know the cause of death. I have searched the probate & admin indexes for a possible entry for Richard but nothing seems to fit - but as I don't know the date of Richard's death this is a bit difficult. If I do come across anything that seems possible I will let you know. I haven't had a chance to do any searching in parish registers in Bolton yet and I may not find anything for the family if I do - there were many churches in Bolton at that time and a lot of them have now disappeared along with their records. However, I have written for a copy of what I think is Martha's birth certificate in 1839 and for what is probably her marriage in 1859. There are two possible death entries for Nancy in the 1840s - one in 1841 and one in 1844 - so I will also pursue these. Richard's change of occupation reflects what was happening in Lancashire. As the textile industry was growing rapidly more and more machines were needed and many foundries and engineering businesses were established. So he must have moved from the more manual work of a blacksmith to the precision engineering work of a bolt turner. Making bolts to fix sections of machinery together would have been a very necessary job, and if the bolts required a screw thread that would have been a highly technical skill. Hopefully, I will have the copy certificates in the next few days and then I can let you have details of them. Best wishes.Vera. .