A NJ Luster has recently submitted samples to Family Tree DNA for y-dna analysis. A few weeks ago we received results at the 12 marker level. There were several 11 out of 12 matches and one 12/12 match. All of these matches were with persons of surnames other than Luster. We now have the additional test results on Mr. Luster's dna. They sent two reports, first for the 25 marker level and second for the 37 marker level. In the Family Tree DNA database, we have matches with 3 people whose surname is Lester. At the 12 marker level, we match 11 out of 12 with Messrs. Howard Louis Lester, Jack Lester and Robert Lester. These matches are referred to as "genetic distance of 1," meaning that, at one marker, the repeat counts differ by a value of one. Jack Lester has not tested beyond the 12 marker level. The other two have tested at 37 so their results can be compared with our's at the 25 level and at the 37 level. At 25 markers, Howard and Robert compare 23 out of 25 with us, which is a genetic distance of two. At 37 markers, the comparison is 33 out of 37 or a genetic distance of four.
So what does this all mean relative to how long ago our Lusters and their Lesters descended from the same man? FTDNA has a calculator which determines that on a probability basis. The calculator says that there is a 56% probability that the common ancestor was within the last 12 generations and a 92% probability that the common ancestor was within the last 20 generation or roughly the last 500 years.
Howard and Robert Lester match more closely with one another at 37 markers, so must be close kin. I have entered Mr. Luster's test results in the Lester family project so we can continue to compare with people of that surname. There is only one other Luster in the database. He is of African origin and has very different dna.
Mr. Luster's results are also entered at a site called "ysearch.org." There we can compare with people who have been tested at other labs. We have 2 other matches with people who have tested beyond 25 markers. Both are at a genetic distance of 4. One person is named Hathcock but male ancestor was named Perry. Apparently there was a child out of wedlock. Some descendants took the mother's name and some the father's name. The other match is with a Beauchamp. They can trace back to Surrey, England before 1600.
What I hope for in the future is that other results will come in. In particular results from other U.S. Lusters. Perhaps some of them will be closer matches than what we now have. It would be very interesting to know if Lusters from States other than NJ match with us or do not.
If you are a male Luster reading this or have a brother or uncle who is, I encourage you to learn more about your Luster ancestor by having a y-dna test done. Go to the Family Tree DNA website http://www.familytreedna.com/http://www.familytreedna.com/ and learn more about it. I believe their testing fees are very reasonable, but you can judge for yourself. Also, they have reduced their fees for the rest of December.