There were some questions a couple of years ago on this board concerning the ancestry of Green C., Sanford F. and Matilda C. Maynard of Jones County, Georgia. Recently I've taken a fresh look at the material I already had and have also collected some new data (from tax lists in particular) which shed some light on this question.
My conclusion is that their father was William Maynard and their mother was Elizabeth, maiden name unknown. There were also two other sons of this couple, John and William W. and at least one other daughter, Phidelia.
This William Maynard was very likely son of Nicholas and Catherine Maynard of Edgefield District, South Carolina. It has been known for some time that there was a connection between this family and the Edgefield Maynard family, but just what it was, nobody seemed to know. In 1895, Sanford F.'s son Dr. Joseph D. Maynard stated in "Memoirs of Georgia" (Atlanta: The Southern Historical Association), p. 1048, that his father Sanford "was a native of Edgefield district, S. C., whence he moved to Georgia." There's a kernel of truth here, only it wasn't his *father* Sanford who was from Edgefield but his *grandfather* William.
My interpretation of the evidence is as follows:
William Maynard, born ca. 1785-90 in Edgefield, marries ca. 1809 and has at least three children while still living in South Carolina. In 1816 he sells off his land in Edgefield to James C. Douglas and moves to Georgia. In 1817 he appears on the Jackson County, Georgia, tax list. About a year later, the part of Jackson County he lives in becomes the eastern section of the newly formed Gwinnett County. Now, Gwinnett is a so-called "burnt" county, so we have few surviving records to avail ourselves of. On the 1820 census, we find William Minyard age 26-45, with two sons under age 10 (John and William W.), a daughter under age 10 (Phidelia) and a wife age 26-45 (either Elizabeth or a previous wife). By 1829 he's gotten into financial difficulties, and his 70 acre farm is sold to pay off debts, according to newspaper reports. He's not to be found on the 1830 census, possibly because he's in the process of moving to Jones County, Georgia.
His first appearance on the Jones County tax list is in 1831. He owns no land there or elsewhere in Georgia. That year his eldest daughter Phidelia marries William Brassill. He (as ''William Maynard Sr.'') takes part in the 1832 land lottery and wins two 40 acre tracts in Cherokee County. His eldest son John Maynard (first appearance on tax list: 1832) also wins a 40 acre tract. The second eldest son, William W. Maynard (first appearance: 1834), enters but fails to win land. Son William W. marries Mary Ann Duneghey in 1835. In December 1836 William Sr. sells one of the tracts in Cherokee County. By 1837 he is in financial straits or failing health (or both) and defaults on the tax list. He is not listed in 1838 and has apparently died. Son John also disappears from the tax lists at this time.
William Sr.'s widow Elizabeth, in possession of the remaining tract of Cherokee County land, takes the place of her late husband on the 1839 tax list. Son-in-law William Brassill pays the tax for Elizabeth in 1840. That year she mortgages the 40 acre Cherokee County (by then Floyd County) tract to William S. Lightfoot to secure a debt. She defaults on the list in 1841. Third son Green C. Maynard comes of age in time for the 1843 list, paying for himself, William Brassill and his mother Elizabeth. Green C. marries Elizabeth Brooks, his first wife, in 1844. William W. moves away and is not to be seen after 1844 on the lists. Youngest son Sanford F., in possession of the 40 acre tract in "Cherokee" (actually Floyd) County, debuts in 1845, his tax paid by Green Clower. Sanford pays for himself and his mother Elizabeth in 1846, and William H. Vinson (who married younger daughter Matilda Maynard in 1846) pays for his mother-in-law in 1847, the last year Elizabeth is seen on the lists. She apparently either remarries, moves away, or dies and is not found on the 1850 census, as far as I can tell. In 1847, Green C. marries his second wife Sarah Caroline Vinson, followed in 1848 by Sanford F. who marries Gilla E. Messer.
Summing up the subsequent fate of the six children: Eldest son John disappears without a trace after 1837 as far as I can tell. William W., having left Jones County in the mid-1840's, is living with his Dunaghee ("Donnaghey") in-laws in Dallas County, Alabama in 1860. He later makes his way to Clark County, Arkansas, where, in the 1880 census at age 68, born S.C., both parents born S.C., he is to be found living next door to his first cousins once removed George W. and Garret Maynard (sons of George W., son of John, son of Nicholas of Edgefield). Phidelia Maynard Brassill ("Brazil") is in Russell County, Alabama, with her husband William and family in 1850 and is still enumerated there in 1860, an apparent widow, but I lose track of her thereafter. Green C. and Sanford F. Maynard remain on the Jones County tax lists until the late 1850's before they too disappear, having gone their separate ways. Green C. moves to Barbour County, Alabama, by 1860 and later to Dale County, Alabama, where he remains for the rest of his life, dying sometime after 1900. Sanford F. goes to Houston County, Georgia where he dies in 1868. William H. Vinson and wife Matilda Maynard Vinson take up residence in Barbour County, Alabama; he becomes a casualty of the Civil War in Tennessee, and she remains in Barbour County until her death in the 1880's.
A recap of the children and their spouses:
John Maynard (born ca. 1810, Edgefield District, S.C.; married ?; died ?)
William W. Maynard (born ca. 1812, Edgefield District, S.C.; married Mary Ann Dunaghey on 18 Jan. 1835 in Jones Co., Ga.; probably had no children; died after 16 June 1880, possibly in Clark Co., Ark.)
Phidelia Maynard (born ca. 1815, Edgefield District, S.C.; married William Brassill on 17 Feb. 1831 in Jones Co., Ga.; several children; died after 18 June 1860,possibly in Russell Co., Ala.)
Green C. Maynard (born Dec. 1821, probably in Gwinnett Co., Ga.; married (1st) Elizabeth Brooks on 29 June 1844, and (2nd) Sarah Carolina Vinson on 17 March 1847, both in Jones Co., Ga.; several children; died after 12 June 1900, probably in Dale Co., Ala.)
Sanford Franklin Maynard (born ca. 1824, probably in Gwinnett Co., Ga.; married Gilla E. Messer on 10 Aug. 1848 in Jones Co., Ga.; several children; died 1868 in Houston Co., Ga.)
Matilda C. Maynard (born 29 Jan. 1830, probably in Gwinnett Co., Ga.; married William Henry Vinson on 14 May 1846 in Jones Co., Ga.; several children; died 6 Jan. 1885 in Barbour Co., Ala.)
Any additions or corrections to this information would be appreciated.
Richard M. Wilson