excerpt from the Gowen Manuscript
Phillip Goins, a "three-quarters" Choctaw, was born in Mississippi about 1770 and was a resident of the Choctaw Nation in Mississippi, according to United States Citizenship Court records as transcribed in "The Journal of American Family Research," Volume 3.For Phillip Goins to have been a "three-quarters" Choctaw, his father and his grandfather before him would have had to have married full-blood Choctaw women.This suggests that the grandfather Goins must have arrived in the Choctaw Nation around 1710 which is regarded as highly unlikely.
"Goins" is not a word in the Choctaw language, nor is it found in the "Choctaw Lexicon" compiled by the Rev. Cyrus Byington.Since the "Goins" name is Caucasian and since blue-eyed individuals have turned up among the Choctaw descendants of Phillip Goins, it is suggested that he was of Melungeon descent.The names "Goins" and "Gibson" were prominent in the Melungeon communities of Virginia, Tennessee and the Carolinas.
It is possible that Phillip and Oti Goins were "invented" by the children of Jeremiah Goins and Sarafina Drake Goins to legitimatize their bid to be enrolled by the Tribal Council of the Choctaw Nation.Their claims of Choctaw blood were denied by the Tribal Council and the Dawes Commission which investigated the evidence.
Jane P. McManus, a Goins researcher of Covington, LouisianawroteSeptember 19, 1989:
"Several years ago I came across a huge genealogical collection of family group sheets assembled by Curtis Jacobs in a library in southern Louisiana [Beauregard Parish Library].Included was a sheet on the Goins family.Listed were John Goins and wife Nancy Johnson Goins.Their children were: Benjamin, James, Thomas, Stephen, Jenny [Virginia], Jerry [Jeremiah], William M. and John.["John Goines, age 42, born in South Carolina" was enumerated as the head of Household 421 in the 1860 census or Rapides Parish, Louisiana.]
William M. Goins had a bible record wherein he recorded all his family's dates.He was born August 22, 1809.He was married to Charlotte Elizabeth Nelson July 27, 1832 in St. Landry Parish.She was born December 10, 1808 in Louisiana.John Drake was bondsman.He recorded that Stephen Goins was married to Edith Perkins November 14, 1826.Jenny married Jordan Perkins March 12, 1814.[Jordan Perkins was the son of Joshua Perkins and Mary Mixon Perkins who migrated west from South Carolina to Mississippi to Louisiana in the early 1800s.They travelled with a group composed of the Willis, Sweat and Johnson families led by Rev. Joseph Willis.] Jerry married Sarafina Drake about 1820.John Goins was married to Francis 'Fanny' Nash."
Joshua Perkins and Jenny Goins Perkins had seven children who lived to adulthood, according to Patricia Ann Waak, Foundation member of Erie, Colorado in a letter dated October 21, 1995.One of their sons, Jesse Perkins was born about 1816.He was married about 1838, wife's name Cyndelia.Joshua Perkins and Jesse Perkins took their families westward into Texas about 1840.They appeared on the tax roll of Houston County, Texas in 1846 and were enumerated there in the federal census of 1850.Both father and son and their families appeared in the 1860 census of Bee County, Texas.Jesse Perkins and his family were enumerated in the 1870 census of Goliad County, Texas
The oldest daughter of Jesse Perkins, Martha Perkins was born about 1845 and was married about 1862, husband's name Quarles.She was remarried in 1870 to Charles Smith in Goliad, Texas.They were enumerated in Callahan County, Texas in the 1880 census.Seven children were born to them, including two sets of twins.In 1887 Charles Smith transferred all of his land to Martha Perkins Quarles Smith, shortly before her death in 1888.