Jacob West/Hannah Morgan West /Zachariah Morgan
Below is a timeline of some events along with references to historical documentation. Some of this is still conjecture. It is my hope that others will review these things and help confirm or refute some of my assumptions.
We know that Hannah Morgan married Jacob West and eventually settled on 23 Mile Creek in the Pendleton District of South Carolina. Hannah had an illegitimate son, Zachariah Morgan by another Morgan male, proven by DNA to have been connected to the NJ or Philadelphia Baptist Morgans. (Contrary to what many have posted online and in family trees, Zachariah’s father was NOT John Benton. DNA and research has also proven that this Hannah Morgan West and her son Zachariah were not genetically tied to Charles Morgan of Chatham Co, NC who left a will.)
We also know that Hannah Morgan West claimed to be the sister of General Daniel Morgan of the Revolutionary War and that he was born in Hunterdon Co., NJ. To have been his sister, Hannah Morgan West would have to have been born in the same area and have other connections to NJ or the Philadelphia area. DNA testing has connected Hannah to the Philadelphia area Morgan families.Here is what I have uncovered:
1780 – A Jacob West is living in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, birthplace of General Daniel Morgan and Hannah Morgan, if she was in fact the General’s sister.By 1790, he is gone.
1790 – Our Jacob West shows up in the census records of Pendleton District of South Carolina for thefirst time. The household is recorded as:
Free White Females – 3: This is Hannah Morgan West and two daughters, Mary and Rebecca
Free White Males 16 and Over – 3: This is Jacob West’s, son Charles Morgan West and step-son,
Free White Males Under 16 – We know that one of these boys is Jacob and Hannah’s son, William West. Who is the other young boy? My theory is this, Hannah Morgan was reported to be General Daniel Morgan’s sister.It is known that Daniel Morgan had an illegitimate son, Willoughby Morgan.Daniel sent Willoughby to South Carolina to live with relatives until he sent for him to return to Winchester, Virginia around 1800. Was this young boy Willoughby Morgan? It is certainly possible. General Morgan would have certainly trusted a sister, particularly if she was his only sister to care for his son. This boy is gone from the Hannah Morgan West household by 1800 which is when Willoughby is said to have returned to Virginia.
From "What I know About Winchester, Recollections of William Greenway Russell 1800-1891" on page 178 is listed the following information:
"Willoughby Morgan: Natural son of General Daniel Morgan, born in Winchester about 1785; reared in South Carolina and studied law there; returned to Winchester and began practice; raised a company in Winchester in the War of 1812; distinguished himself at Fort George and rose to command of the 12th regiment; remained in regular army after the War; commanded troops in Yellowstone Expedition in 1820; died at Prairie du Chien in 1831."
1800 – The 1800 census record for Pendleton South Carolina shows Hannah Morgan West, apparently a widow by this time, living as the head of the household that includes Hannah and her four West children, Charles, William, Rebecca and Mary. Zachariah was married by this time and had set up his own home with Mary Holt, daughter of William Holt, on 23 Mile Creek, near Hannah.
21 March 1797
Jacob Visage to Z. Morgan for $30 for 90 acres part of tract granted Visage by William Moultrie on 23 Mile Crk. Wit. John Robinson, Elisha Robinson, Jacob (his mark) West.
John Robinson made oath to G.W. Earle Doyle.
Re. 16 April 1798
1800-1810 - Between this timeframe, Zachariah Morgan and his sister, Mary “Polly” West leave South Carolina. They travel north into North Carolina for a period of time. They return after Jacob West dies to help settle part of Jacob West’s estate in 1804.
150 acre tract purchased by Jacob West from John Robinson on 23 Mi Creek of Keowee River. Heirs were: HANNAH WEST and CHARLES WEST of Pendleton District,ZACHARIAH MORGAN and POLLY WEST (she signed Mary West), both citizens of N.C.Dated 28 Jan 1804.”
Wit.: Wm Sims
Rec.: 11 July, 1804
By 1810, Zachariah Morgan and his half brother, Charles Morgan West are in Lee County, Virginia. Mary “Polly” West is back with her mother.Sometime in 1814, Zachariah and Charles cross through the Pennington Gap into Kentucky. In 1815, Zachariah received a land grant in what was then Knox County, Kentucky for 50 acres along Poor Fork Creek. In 1822, he receives a grant for an additional 150 acres along Poor Fork in what is by then Harlan County, Kentucky.
1810 – By 1810 Hannah Morgan West is gone from the South Carolina census. Her oldest sons had left home to check out the land available by grant in Kentucky. She was a widow living alone with three children, Mary, Rebecca and William West.I believe she left South Carolina and went north, back to the Philadelphia area she grew up in for a period of time. It would have been safer for her and her children to be back in an area where there was likely other family and friends since the older sons were gone from South Carolina.Hannah West appears the 1810 census for Berks County, Pennsylvania and is listed as a “widow” with her two daughters and her son.
1817 – Hannah Morgan West and her daughters return to South Carolina in order settled more of Jacob West’s estate.We lose track of Mary and Rebecca at this point.
“Heirs…….HANNAH WEST, REBECCA WEST and MARY WEST, heirs of JACOB WEST, dec’d. to Amos Garrett Robinson, 100 acres part of 640 acres on 23 Mile Creek, bounded by Amos Robinson, lands lately owned by Thodam Doyle, Mrs. Elizabeth Morgan, part of the tract sold by John Robinson to Jacob West, other part being sold to Jonathon West by Jacob West in his lifetime. Dated _____, 1817.”
Wit.: Edward Williams, Wm Doyle
Rec.: 5 Aug. 1817.
1820 – William West, Hannah’s youngest son ends up in Clay County, Kentucky with his wife, Rebecca and their children living near Bull Skin.The Dickey Diary says that Hannah West went with William to live on Bull Skin. In the 1898 Dickey Diary interview, Joseph Morgan, great grandson of Hannah confuses William the son with Hannah’s husband but is correct about William dying and leaving a widow,who was actually Rebecca West, not Hannah.
1824 – Rebecca West, widow of William West, receives a land grant of 50 acres on Bull Skin Creek in Clay County, Kentucky.
1840 – Hannah Morgan West is living with daughter-in-law, Rebecca West on Bull Skin Creek in Clay County, Kentucky.The census record shows her to be between 90 and 99 years old making her date of birth between 1741 and 1750. These dates make it feasible for her to be Daniel Morgan sister. He was born in 1736.
1850 – Hannah Morgan West is gone from the historical record. She is said to have died in 1849 making her between 99 and 109 years old depending on the year of her birth. The Dickey Diary interview claimed her to be 118 years old at her death, which is not factual. Nonetheless, she lived a long and eventful life and died a very old woman.
“Manuscript Collection, 1680’s – 1970’s, BAH: Legislative Records, 1782-1787 (New Jersey State Archives)”
1790 Pendleton South Carolina Census: “1790 United States Federal Census”
1800 Pendleton South Carolina Census: “1800 United Federal Census”
1810 Berks County Census: “Third Census of the United States, 1810”
1820 Clay County Kentucky Census: “ 1820 United States Federal Census”
The Kentucky Land Grants: “Chapter VI Kentucky Land Warrants (1816-1873)
1840 Clay County Kentucky Census: “ 1840 United States Federal Census”
"Life of General Daniel Morgan of the Virginia Line of the United States" Graham, James; Bloomberg, NY 1856