Ciao Giovanni,That is the extent of my written Italian. I can speak the language. John, I am impressed with your research. For years I have been trying to work out why my Mom's family was tall and blonde while my Dad's family was shortish and dark. So, into the achives I went and lo and behold I also discovered the Nardi connection. I have a family coat of arms that has an inscription that says"to be firm through differculties" They were very clever in those days as my family has had some real trying times! So a number of people have spotted the obvious and say to me "you are a Toscani line not a central/southern Italian" Geez, it gets complicated but interesting.John, you are a cousin of mine like the many Narducci's that there are in different parts of the world. In, Australia we ahve 5 families that are indirectly or directly related but nevertheless form part of the great clan of Narducci's oops! Nardi's,Nardini's etc,etc. Great to hear from you John and I am sure that we will exchange many more items of history. Arrividecci (bit more of my Italian) for now. See ya mate(Aussie goodbye) Best wishes, Peter your Aussie cousin.