There are dozens, perhaps 100s of Noles (all spellings including Knoles, Knollys, Knowles, Noel, etc.) progenitors from before, during and just after the middle ages for the various Knowles families in the U.S.Many of you have probably traced your Knowles ancestry back at least four to six generations; some of you even much further.However, do you know who and where your Knowles ancestor was back 10 or more generations?Perhaps you only know about 20th century generations and want to know more, but the paper trail is cold or non existent.
In any case, if you are a male Knowles (any spelling) or have a close male Knowles relative, you may want to join the Knowles Surname DNA Project to learn more about your ancient Knowles genealogy.I started the Knowles Surname DNA Project in the Spring of 2003 and we now have a dozen participants representing six different Knowles progenitors.Obviously, we need many more participants to help define the DNA profile for all the various Knowles progenitors as well as to help you and others determine (or refine) their Knowles genealogy with the assistance of Genetics.
The Knowles Surname DNA Project became possible last year because of two main reasons:
1) First, the male Y-Chromosome is the one portion of the human genetic makeup that doesn't typically change from generation to generation.The Y-Chromosome is passed down from father to son generation after generation without being altered by the mother's DNA.That's because only men have a Y-Chromosome.Women have two X-Chromosomes; one from their father and one from their mother.The fact that the Y-Chromosome doesn't change from generation to generation (except in very rare instances), means that your 10th great grandfather Knowles and you and all of your 10th great grandfathers' Knowles' male descendants have the same (or very nearly the same) Y-Chromosome profile.So, if you have your Y-Chromosome profile established, you will know what your 10th great grandfathers Y-profile was and anyone else you think may be a Knowles male cousin (this is a much easier and cheaper method of establishing your unique Knowles DNA without digging up your Knowles ancestors, assuming that was possible).The Y-Chromosome knowledge is a very powerful tool in support of your genealogical efforts.
2) Just as important as the technical ability to establish your 10th great grandfathers' Y-DNA profile is the fact that testing you for your Y-Chromosome profile has become very easy and very affordable.The Y-DNA test just requires a swab of the inside of your cheek;no blood is required.Results are generally available within five weeks of your submittal of a cheek swab and the results are certified in writing by a DNA physician from the DNA test laboratory at the University of Arizona.
I have no financial interest in this effort.I am the Historian for the Knowles/Knoles/Noles Family Association and I am developing a Knowles database with all known Knowles (all spellings) families that can be found in vital records, census records, published and non-published family histories, etc.I have more than 100,000 people named Knowles (mostly from prior to the early 20th century) in the database currently and it grows by 100s every week as additional families are added.The Knowles Surname DNA Project was established to support the Knowles genealogical research.
You do not need to be a member of the Knowles/Knoles/Noles Family Association to participate in the Knowles Surname DNA Project.However, you may learn more about this DNA Project by going to the Association's WEB Site (www.KKNFA.org) and selecting GENETICS.I have provided some basic DNA background information on the KKNFA Web site, and set up links to important other DNA Web sites where you can learn everything you ever wanted to know about DNA, at least as it applies to genealogy. THE KKNFA GENETICS pages also provide a summary of the initial results from participants in the Knowles Project.There is also a link on this Web site to my listings of known Knowles progenitors.You may want to let me know if your Knowles progenitor is not listed or is listed incorrectly.
If you want to participate in the Knowles Surname DNA project, please send me an email concerning why you are eligible for the project (or want to sponsor someone who is eligible) and ask any questions that you may have.Of course, I would like to know what your Knowles line is as you currently know it, if at all possible, so we can better understand the meaning of the results obtained from your DNA test.
Although the Y-DNA testing is now very affordable, you still might want to pool your resources among various family members to sponsor one of your eligible members.Only one male Knowles from the family is necessary to be tested.
Happy New Year!
Robert B. Noles Historian, Knowles/Knoles/Noles Family Association Project Manager, Knowles Surname DNA Project www.KKNFA.org firstname.lastname@example.org