A book about SC Quakers was written several years ago.In that book, the author took all names he could find in SC Quaker records and then "constructed" family groupings from probate and other records for those individuals.John Pendarvis (second generation) is listed in those records, and so the author of the Quaker book "constructed" a family grouping for him.A routine search of available published works of genealogical significance would provide a list of Joseph's and Parthenia's children.I believe that the author assumed a marriage for the two and called Parthenia a mulatto out of ignorance.Many people feel that Parthenia simply could not have been a negro because of the seeming ease in which her children entered society.I used "seeming ease", because there was nothing, in fact, easy about it.They suffered from many now forgotten burdens.
Parthenia is described as a negro in three existing documents, and implied as a negro in a fourth.Of these four, three were written during her life, and the fourth less than twenty years after her death.Parthenia died sometime between April of 1734 and February of 1735.She and her six oldest children were manumitted or freed from slavery by Joseph in April of 1734.The seventh child was born after the manumission.A legal marriage could only have occurred in the period after her manumission, but if a marriage occurred, Joseph nor the courts considered it legal.Perhaps he had a spiritual marriage sanctioned by the Quaker church, but there is no evidence for it.
Being from Barbadoes would in no way indicate that Parthenia was not African or of African descent.
There is no document existing in which Joseph claimed the children to be his.His will and the manumission document refer to the children as Parthenia's with no mention of their paternity.The Judge's opinion of 1736 referred to them as illegitemate and fathered by Joseph.They referred to themselves as his children through a deed in 1754.In that same deed they refer to their mother as a negro.Distinctions such as negro and mulatto were more commonly used than not.In the estate inventory for John Pendarvis (Joseph's father), Parthenia is lumped with the negroes, while one woman, also a slave, is listed as Indian.
Josiah Pendarvis, Sr. did marry three times:Elizabeth Bohun Baker, Mary Bedon, and Mrs. Elizabeth Harris Stobo.By Elizabeth B. Baker he had Richard and Mary.Richard died without children in 1781, and Mary's only child--Mary Flowers--died shortly thereafter.By Mary Bedon, Josiah, Sr. fathered Elizabeth, Josiah, Jr., and at least two children that died as infants.Of these, Elizabeth married Josiah Bryan and John Screven, and Josiah, Jr. changed his and his sons' names to Bedon.Josiah, Sr. married Mrs. Elizabeth Harris Stobo (not to be confused with Josiah, Jr.'s wife, Elizabeth Louisa Stobo) in 1786/7 when she was absolutely no less than 50.They had no children.Daniel Stevens, executor to Josiah Sr.'s will, makes clear who Josiah's heirs were by several petitions to the State Assembly in the period between 1787/8 and about 1804.
There is a large family descended from Richard Lambright Pendarvis who claim to be descended from Josiah Pendarvis, Sr., but their claims are unsubstantiated and easily disproved.
Thomas Pendarvis is proved to be the father of Joseph Pendarvis by the Giessendanner record, the Estate Bill of Jonathan Hughes vs. Charles Hurst of 1801, Thomas's will, and various land records.Joseph is proved to be the father of Daniel Pendarvis through census records and the interviews between James Barnwell Heyward and our uncle Jacob Talley Pendarvis.Daniel Pendarvis is proved to be the father of Daniel Adam Pendarvis by the bible records of Daniel Pendarvis, Sr., land records, and the David Gavin diary.Timothy Olin Pendarvis was unquestionably the son of Daniel Adam Pendarvis by way of countless bits of personal testimony, death records, and obituaries.