My perusal of David Ellis Pendleton's recent classic publication,"The Descendants of Philp Pendleton, A Virginia Colonist", triggered a desire to develop a probable range of birthdates for Rev. John & possibly lay to rest the question of whether the "Mrs Pendleton" abducted by Benge & his indian raiders on 8/3/1791 was Frances Ball Carter, 1st wife of Benj. Pendleton or Rev. John's mother (as Jody Sizemore has long opined).
My judgemental range of 1788-1791 which happens to bracket Dave's c1788 was based on several sets of data: 1. Russell Co, VA land transactions & tax records 2.Census data from Scott Co, VA (1820-1840) & Lee Co, VA (1850) 3.Birthdate & parents of his next older sibling 4.Rev. John's tombstone inscriptions 5.Posible parentage of the "8 yr old boy" abducted with the "Mrs Pendleton" during the 8/3/1791 indian raid.
1 The earliest records I found of a John Pendleton was (1) as a witness with Silas Flanery of the sale of 100 acres from Reuben & Patience Jones to Wm. Cox.on 3/14/1806 & (2) the 11/31/1806 transfer of land from his father Benj. Since I think he would have to be at least 21 yrs old to be listed in these records, this would indicate a birth year = or < 1785. In 11/1807 John purchased another 226 acres adjacent to his existing property giving a birth year = or < 1786. 2 The 1820 Scott Co,VA census places him in the 26-45 yr age bracket--or a 1775-1794 age bracket. Incidentally this entry shows another male >45 yrs of age who i feel is probably John's dad Benj.
The 1830 & 1840 Scott Co census' place him in a 1780-1790 age bracket.
The 1850 Lee Co census cites an age of 52. I discarded this date from consideration since his eldest child was born in 1810;i.e.'he would have been 12 years old.
My gut feeling is when you have a number of data points, throw out the highest & lowest sets of data & assume whats left (1780-1790) is a reasonable approximation of a high-low range.
3.I am taking as a given that (1) Rev. John was a younger half-brother of Reuben & therefore John's mother was different than Reuben's & (2) Reuben's mother was Frances Ball Carter d/o Peter & Judith Norris oof Amherst Co.
Reuben's oldest sibling Elizabeth (1772-4/2/1852) & youngest sibling Mary"Polly" (7/4/1787-4/4/1852) migrated to Morgan Co, KY with their spouses & died within days of one another. Elizabeth's death certificate listed her parents as Benj. & Franky Penalton. Polly's listed her parents as Benj. & Fanny Penalton. Franky, Franka & Fanny were commonly used in lieu of Frances
I inferred from the above that Rev John was possibly born at least one year after his next older sibling or c 1788.
4 Rev John's tombstone says he died in 1861, 79 years of age;i.e., born in 1782 or 5 yrs before Benj's youngest daughter was supposedly born--according to her death certificate. Since I tend to give more credence to an exact birth date of month, day & yr than a birthdate of a yr only, I dropped the 1782 date from inclusion in my most probable range of birth dates.
5 On p.35 of Rita Sutton's book "Early Carters in Scott Co,VA" a story is told by John Salling, the great grandson of Matilda Carter Salling (1774-1862) of how"his grandmother Matilda (Carter) Salling, d/o Dale Carter who was murdered by the indians in 1774, used to gather the children around her & tell them of her father's death, the capture ofthe PENDLETONS (Note the plural) & other stories of pioneer days"
One could reasonably infer from this that the Mrs Pendleton & an 8 yr old boy abducted by Benge & his band were both Pendletons. This boy, born c 1783, if he was indeed a Pendleton wold have been born roughly halfway between his older sibling James A. (b c1779) & Polly (b 7/4/1787)
All in all, my guestimate is that Rev. John was probably born 1788-1791-- BUT FOR SURE BEFORE 1791. It was probably his mother & not Frances who was abducted by Benge.
As to his mother, I am reasonably sure she WAS NOT Sarah, younger sister of Frances. I'll save that debate for another posting.
All comments/critiques are welcome. I did not have 1810 Russell Co census data to consider. Would love to hear if that might include a John Pendleton.