Hi, I am posting the notes that I have for some of my pioneer ancestors, in hopes that they may be of interest to some of you that are doing research on your ancestors.Enjoy, Janet
Generation No. 1
1.Guillaume1 Pepin-dit-Tranchemontagne was born about 1610 in France, and died 12 Aug 1697 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC.He married Jeanne Mechin 12 Aug 1645 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC.She was born about 1631 in St-Laurent, C-Maritime, Xaintes, France, and died Bet. 30 Nov 1680 - 1681 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC.
Notes for Guillaume Pepin-dit-Tranchemontagne:
He was probably born in France about 1610.
It is known that he was in Trois Rivières in 1642, because he purchased a book at the auction of the property of Jean Nicolet. There, he married Jeanne Meschin in about 1645; the couple had 13 children.
He had already settled at Trois Rivières in 1634, at the site of what later became the Ursuline convent and is noted at Trois Rivières on 25 September 1645, when the governor authorized him to use certain lands near the fort of Trois Rivières. Guillaume became syndic (trustee) of Trois Rivières in 1651 and 1652 and was later judge for the seigniory of Champlain.
He can be found in the 1666, 1667 and 1681census at Trois Rivières.In 1666, he was listed as an "habitant" at age 56 and Jeanne Mechin was 36.In 1667 he was listed as being 62 and 1681 he was listed as being 70.
As a large landowner, Guillaume Pépin exercised a great deal of influence over the entire Trois Rivières area, which he also had the honor to represent on the Sovereign Council of New France.He died on August 11, 1697, at the home of his son Pierre Pépin dit Laforce who lived in what is now known as Saint-Grégoire de Nicolet. His remains were returned to Trois Rivières and buried in the local cemetery.
Notes for Jeanne Mechin:
"Filles à Marier", page 221, Jeanne Méchin was born about 1631, possibly in La Rochelle, Aunis. She may be the daughter of Jean Méchin from La Rochelle, a plowman, workman and sailor who enlisted with Pierre Le Gardeur 16 June 1645 at La Rochelle (notary Teleuron) and who drowned 06 November 1646 off the Cap a l'Arbre en route to Trois Rivières and was buried 20 December 1646 at Québec City.
About 1645, Jeanne married Guillaume Pépin dit Tranchemontagne in Trois Rivières. No marriage contract has been found for this couple. It is not known if Jeanne could sign her name, but her husband could.They had 13 children that included two sets of twins.
Jeanne Méchin died at Trois Rivières some time between 30 November 1680 and 1681 census.
Children of Guillaume Pepin-dit-Tranchemontagne and Jeanne Mechin are:
+ 2 i. Jacques2 Pepin, born 14 Apr 1646 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died 09 Apr 1715 in Champlain, QC.
3 ii. Jean-Baptiste Pepin-dit-Descardonnets, born about 1647 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died 11 Feb 1724 in Varennes, QC.He married Marie-Madeleine Loiseau, (Lucas &Francoise Cure) 23 Nov 1685 in Boucherville, QC; born 25 Apr 1671 in Boucherville, QC; died 01 Jun 1722 in Boucherville, QC.
4 iii. Marie Pepin, born 21 Apr 1649 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died Aft. 20 Jul 1716 in Unknown, QC.She married Guillaume LaRue-dit-DePlaine 03 Oct 1663 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; born about 1636 in Normandie, France; died 09 Jan 1717 in La Pérade, QC.
Notes for Guillaume LaRue-dit-DePlaine:
He is listed in the 1666 census at Trois Rivières.
5 iv. Guillaume Pepin, born 04 Aug 1651 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died Aft. 1667 in Trois Pistoles, Rivière du Loup, QC.
+ 6 v. Pierre Pepin-dit-Laforce, born 29 Dec 1652 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died 02 Apr 1722 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC.
7 vi. Etienne Pepin, born 19 Apr 1654 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died Aft. 1667 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC.
+ 8 vii. Jeanne-Marie Pepin, born 28 Mar 1656 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died Bet. 09 Feb 1699 - 17 Aug 1716 in Unknown, QC.
+ 9 viii. Madeleine Pepin, born 19 Nov 1657 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died 08 Jul 1722 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC.
10 ix. Elisabeth-Isabelle-Marie Pepin, born about 1658 in Unknown, QC; died 30 Dec 1697 in Champlain, QC.She married Jean Arcouet-dit-Lajeunesse 16 Nov 1671 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; born about 1645 in Saintonge, France; died 07 Aug 1727 in Champlain, QC.
11 x. Joseph Pepin, born 21 Nov 1660 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died about Dec 1660 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC.
12 xi. Louis Pepin, born 21 Nov 1660 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died about Dec 1660 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC.
13 xii. Marguerite-Marie Pepin, born 06 May 1662 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died 27 May 1734 in Boucherville, Chambly, QC.She married Bernard Joachim-dit-Laverdure 14 Nov 1679 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; born about 1648 in Perigord, France; died 28 Feb 1728 in Boucherville, QC.
+ 14 xiii. Marie-Ursule Pepin, born 06 May 1662 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died 02 Aug 1740 in Nicolet, QC.
Generation No. 2
2.Jacques2 Pepin (Guillaume1 Pepin-dit-Tranchemontagne) was born 14 Apr 1646 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC, and died 09 Apr 1715 in Champlain, QC.He married Marie-Jeanne Caille 16 Nov 1671 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC, daughter of Claude Caille and Anne Malle.She was born about 1654 in St. Nicolas des Champs, Paris, France, and died 12 Mar 1734 in Champlain, QC.
Notes for Jacques Pepin:
He was born and baptized 14 April 1646 at Trois--Rivières, with Jacques de La Poterie, governor of Trois Rivières, as his godfather.Jacques was the son of Guillaume Pépin dit Tranchemontagne and Jeanne Méchin, who were married about 1645 at Trois Rivières.
Jacques Pepin died 09 April 1715 and was buried the next day at Champlain.
Notes for Marie-Jeanne Caille:
"King's Daughters", page 120, Marie-Jeanne Caillé was born about 1654 in the parish of Saint -Nicolas-des-Champs in Paris, the daughter of Claude Caillé and Anne Mallé. She came to Québec in 1671, at about age 17.
On 16 November 1671, Marie-Jeanne married Jacques Pepin at Trois Rivières.
Marie-Jeanne Caillé died 12 March 1734 at Champlain.
Children of Jacques Pepin and Marie-Jeanne Caille are:
15 i. Marie-Anne-ditte-Marie-Jeanne3 Pepin, born 05 Aug 1673 in Nicolet, QC.
Notes for Marie-Anne-ditte-Marie-Jeanne Pepin:
She had 4 Enfants Naturels (children born out of wedlock) whose father (fathers) were unknown.I have no records of her ever being married.
16 ii. Jean Pepin, born 25 Oct 1675 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died 25 Aug 1720 in Champlain, QC.
Notes for Jean Pepin:
He may be the Jean Pepin listed in Detroit, Michigan as arriving on 30 May 1705 as a hired bargeman.
17 iii. Marguerite-Marie Pepin, born 06 Feb 1678 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died 16 Jan 1765 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC.She married Jean-Baptiste Leclerc, (Robert & Marie Jallet) 10 Nov 1704 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; born 23 Aug 1681 in Québec City, QC; died 17 Jun 1739 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC.
18 iv. Pierre Pepin, born 31 Aug 1680 in Champlain, QC; died 19 Jul 1684 in Champlain, QC.
19 v. Marie-Antoinette Pepin, born 09 May 1683 in Champlain, QC.
20 vi. Jacques Pepin, born 02 Dec 1685 in Champlain, QC; died 14 Aug 1747 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC.
21 vii. Joseph Pepin, born 03 Jan 1689 in Champlain, QC.
22 viii. Marie-Anne Pepin, born 14 Sep 1691 in Champlain, QC.
23 ix. Marie-Jeanne Pepin, born 03 Jul 1695 in Champlain, QC.
6.Pierre2 Pepin-dit-Laforce (Guillaume1 Pepin-dit-Tranchemontagne) was born 29 Dec 1652 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC, and died 02 Apr 1722 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC.He married Marie-Louise Lemire-dit-Marsolet 20 Oct 1681 in Notre-Dame de Québec City, QC, daughter of Jean Lemire and Louise Marsolet-dit-St.Agnan.She was born 10 May 1666 in Québec City, QC, and died 22 Jun 1727 in Montréal, QC.
Child of Pierre Pepin-dit-Laforce and Marie-Louise Lemire-dit-Marsolet is:
24 i. Marie-Josephe3 Pepin-dit-Laforce, born 16 May 1700 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died 20 Jan 1751 in La Baie du Febvre, Yamaska, QC.She married Jean-Baptiste Robidas-dit-Manseau 22 Nov 1722 in Nicolet, QC; born 15 Jul 1702 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died 18 May 1757 in Nicolet, QC.
Notes for Jean-Baptiste Robidas-dit-Manseau:
Recorded in the registers at Nicolet:May 18, 1757 Jean-Baptiste, at age 55, was buried at Nicolet.He had drowned the previous autumn and was found at Point Sable.
8.Jeanne-Marie2 Pepin (Guillaume1 Pepin-dit-Tranchemontagne) was born 28 Mar 1656 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC, and died Bet. 09 Feb 1699 - 17 Aug 1716 in Unknown, QC.She married (1) Jean Heroux-dit-Bourguinville 06 Feb 1674 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC.He was born about 1652 in Normandie, France, and died 30 Nov 1687 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC.She married (2) Mathurin Marais 14 Aug 1690 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC.He was born about 1656 in Bretaigne, France.
Child of Jeanne-Marie Pepin and Jean Heroux-dit-Bourguinville is:
25 i. Pierre3 Heroux-dit-Bourguinville, born 04 Feb 1675 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died 18 Jan 1750 in Yamachiche, QC.He married Marie-Francoise Benoit-dit-Laforest 24 Jan 1701 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; born 17 May 1682 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice Co., QC; died 27 Nov 1770 in Yamachiche, QC.
9.Madeleine2 Pepin (Guillaume1 Pepin-dit-Tranchemontagne) was born 19 Nov 1657 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC, and died 08 Jul 1722 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC.She married Francois Roussel-dit-Tranchemontagne 07 Apr 1671 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC (ct 24 Feb, Ameau), son of Jacques Roussel and Madeleine Beauregard.He was born about 1646 in St-Leonard, Beaumont-le-Rouger, Normandie, France, and died 05 Aug 1731 in La Baie du Febvre, Yamaska, QC.
Notes for Madeleine Pepin:
Marie is the only child recorded for this couple.
Notes for Francois Roussel-dit-Tranchemontagne:
He was in Montréal in May of 1666.He was also recorded as being 35 in the 1681 census at Boucherville.
Child of Madeleine Pepin and Francois Roussel-dit-Tranchemontagne is:
26 i. Marie-Francoise3 Roussel-dit-Tranchemontagne, born 23 Nov 1676 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice Co., QC; died 13 Aug 1715 in La Baie du Febvre, Yamaska, QC.She married Gabriel Benoit-dit-Laforest 23 Nov 1693 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; born about 1668 in Unknown, QC; died 28 Nov 1745 in La Baie du Febvre, Yamaska, QC.
Notes for Gabriel Benoit-dit-Laforest:
He was 13 years old in the 1681 census at Champlain with his parents.He was engaged to work out west on 1 Sep 1693.
Their daughter Jeanne Marie had a child out of wed lock (un Enfant Natural), Gabriel born 10 Nov 1720 at Baie du Febvre. Gabriel's father was not known.
14.Marie-Ursule2 Pepin (Guillaume1 Pepin-dit-Tranchemontagne) was born 06 May 1662 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC, and died 02 Aug 1740 in Nicolet, QC.She married (1) Nicolas Geoffroy about 1678 in Unknown,QC.He was born about 1658 in Île de Re, Aunis, France, and died Bef. 25 Nov 1680 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC.She married (2) Louis Pinard 30 Nov 1680 in Champlain, QC (ct 25, Adhemar), son of Jean-Francois Pinard and Marguerite Gaigneur.He was born 12 Jul 1634 in Ste. Marguerite de La Rochelle, Aunis,(Charente-Maritime),France, and died 12 Jan 1695 in Batiscan, Champlain, QC.
Notes for Marie-Ursule Pepin:
She was 3 in the 1666 Trois Rivières census.She was listed only as "Marie" one of the twins.
Notes for Nicolas Geoffroy:
He arrived in Québec on 25 May 1664.A year later he renounced the Calvinism religion on 10 Apr 1665 in Québec City.He was a master tool maker.
Notes for Louis Pinard:
He was first recorded in Québec on 8 Sep 1647.In the 1666 census of Les Trois Rivières he was 30 and his first wife Marie Madeleine Hertel was 20.Their two year old daughter Marie Magdelaine was listed with them.In 1666 and 1667 he was a master surgeon in Cap de Madeleine.His second wife Marie Ursule was listed with her parents in 1666.In the 1681 census he was in Champlain with his second wife.The approximate ages of his children were taken from the 1681 census.
Notes for Louis Pinard:
Louis PINARD was born in July 1634 in the parish of Ste. Marguerite, La Rochelle, Aunis. He died in January 1695 in Bastican at the age of 60. He arrived in Canada around 1658 as a master surgeon. The 1666 census of the Trois Rivières area by Talon, lists him as a habitant and master surgeon and able to sign. His wife, Marie-Madeleine HERTEL, was also able to sign. At the time, there was a one-year old daughter in the household.
Louis PINARD married Canadian-born Marie-Madeleine HERTEL in Trois Rivières in October 1658. He was 24 and she was 13 years old. Although 13 at the time of her marriage, she did not have her first child until she was 19. It was customary in New France, at this time, to not consummate a marriage until the woman was at least 16. After her death around 1679, he remarried. His second wife was Ursule Pepin.
Marie-Madeleine HERTEL was born in September 1645 in Trois Rivières. Her brother, Francois Hertel born in 1642 participated in the French & Indian wars and is considered a hero by Canadians. He was responsible for many of the successful raids on the western Massachusetts population. Francois was captured by the Iroquois in 1658. Her uncle, Francois Marguerie was an interpreter and explorer and companion of Champlain. He drowned in 1646 while crossing the St Lawrence River at Trois Rivières.
Louis Pinard and Marie-Madeleine Hertel had six children. The oldest son, Claude born in 1667 received permission to travel west in August 1691. The west, in this case, was probably no further than the Great Lakes. To control the fur trading and collect appropriate taxes, the French government issued passports (permits), a form of license. They were difficult to acquire since in many years, only 25 were issued. To conduct fur trading or to travel west without a passport was considered illegal and subject to punishment, most often fines or the confiscation of furs.
[Excerpt from "Our French Canadian Ancestors, Thomas John LaForest]
Louis Pinard made his first trip to Canada around 1648 as a "donne" of the Jesuits. At that time it was customary for the Jesuits to be accompanied by young men on their trips to the interior to meet with the native people. In return for the service of these boys, the Fathers saw to their education. He returned to France in 1650 to complete his studies. Through this first experience in Canadian territory Louis should be numbered among the founders of the mission Ste-Marie on the banks of Georgian Bay, what is now, Midland Ontario. He must have known Fathers Jean de Breboeuf and Gabriel Lalemant, who were martyred there in the spring of 1649. The constant Iroquois raids forced the French to abandon this Huron mission, whose ruins lay forgotten for three centuries. Recently this historic site has been restored and is today a National Park.
Louis Pinard's patrons, having most likely discovered in him a natural talent for medicine and surgery, had him return to France at the age of 16 or 17 in order to learn the art of Hippocrates. Returning to Canada about 1656, young Doctor Pinard exhibited all the competence of a master surgeon. His future bride, Marie-Madeleine Hertel was not quite 12 years old when the marriage contract was written up. It is probably why Louis had to wait 2 years later to be married. By virtue of his being the surgeon of the garrison, Pinard was already in a position to provide a comfortable living for his wife and children. In addition he always looked out for himself even if he had to bleed some clients white to do so. Pinard was a grasping man who did not hesitate to appeal to justice when his interests were at stake. The civil and criminal court records from 1660 to 1665 eloquently demonstrate this. His name is mentioned 32 times in the Court Records of Trois Rivières, 1655-1662. See General Notes Chapter. On two occasions in 1663, Pinard sued his colleague, Dr. Michel Gemelain whose rivalry he dreaded. In spite of the cease and desist injunction from the Sovereign Council in 1663, he did not end his accusations.
"Realizing that the struggle with Louis Pinard would be endless, Gamelain, perhaps on the advice of his mother-in-law, Madame Crevier, put his knowledge of medicine to the service of an industry much more practical and flourishing -- the distillation of brandy."
Pinard's son Claude, later went on to marry his arch rival's daughter, Francoise Gamelain. We are also related to both these men although, in our case, the families did not come together until a couple of generations later.
Pinard excelled in collecting debts. Several records show his relentlessness involving collecting money from the church, military and even nobility. Even though he may have been tough in his business dealings, the people of Trois Rivières had confidence in him. They elected him to the posts of town mayor and church warden. After 1670, Pinard became interested in the fur trade. In 1685 he took part in an expedition to Hudson Bay, returning home the following year.
While it is true that Louis Pinard was 24 years and Marie-Madeleine Hertel was 13 years at the time of their marriage, their first child wasn't born until Marie-Madeleine was 19. It was customary in New France that a marriage with such a young bride would not be consummated until the wife was about 16 years old.
Child of Marie-Ursule Pepin and Nicolas Geoffroy is:
27 i. Marie-Madeleine3 Geoffroy, born 22 Aug 1679 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died 31 Mar 1753 in Nicolet, QC.She married Jean-Baptiste Lampron-dit-Lacharite-Defosse 04 Nov 1700 in Emmacule Conception, Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; born 31 Jul 1673 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died 01 Jan 1749 in Nicolet, QC.
Notes for Jean-Baptiste Lampron-dit-Lacharite-Defosse:
He was the first in thisline to take the name known as Jean-Baptiste Lampron dit Desfosses.He seems to have taken on the name during the first year of his marriage.The dit name Desfosses was used at his first child's baptismal.The French word "fosse" means: ditch, drain, trench, moat, grave, etc.In the village of Lacharite in France there is a street named 'rue desfosses".He also used the name Jean-Baptiste Lacharite on his daughters' wedding.
Children of Marie-Ursule Pepin and Louis Pinard are:
28 i. Antoine3 Pinard, born 10 May 1683 in Champlain, QC; died 02 Jun 1753 in Nicolet, QC.He married Marie Jutras-dit-Desrosiers 10 Jan 1708 in Cap de la Madeleine, Champlain, QC; born 16 Feb 1686 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died 20 Jan 1750 in St. Jean Baptiste de Nicolet, QC.
Notes for Antoine Pinard:
He was engage Ouest (contracted to work out West) on 28 Jul 1704.
29 ii. Louis Pinard, born 16 Aug 1686 in Champlain, QC.
30 iii. Michel Pinard, born 24 Oct 1688 in Champlain, QC; died 27 Oct 1688 in Champlain, QC.
31 iv. Guillaume Pinard-dit-Beauchemin, born 24 Nov 1689 in Champlain, QC; died 07 Dec 1755 in Baie du Febvre, St. Antoine, QC.He married Marguerite Leclerc 08 Jan 1720 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; born 20 Sep 1690 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died about 1786 in Unknown, QC.
32 v. Marie-Ursule Pinard, born 27 Mar 1692 in Champlain, QC; died 23 Mar 1760 in Nicolet, QC.She married Michel Jutras-dit-Desrosiers 14 Jun 1714 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC (ct 31 Mar, Poulin); born 11 Jul 1688 in Trois Rivières, St. Maurice, QC; died 23 Feb 1765 in Nicolet, QC.
Notes for Michel Jutras-dit-Desrosiers:
He was contracted to work out west"engage Ouest" on 18 Sep 1713.
33 vi. Jean-Baptiste Pinard, born 20 Oct 1694 in Batiscan, QC.He married Agnes Gauthier-dit-St.Germain 09 Sep 1724 in Boucherville, QC; born 03 Nov 1701 in Boucherville, QC; died 02 Jan 1779 in Contrecoeur, QC.