One reputable source stated that the majority of young men who came to the colonies were indentured for seven years, they could not marry until they were freed. A very goo d study is the book "Albion"s Seed, Four British Folkways in America," by David Hackett Fischer. My son Rob gave me a copy for my birthday in 2000. Another book that he brought from London, was a series, History Handbooks, "Criminal Ancestors, A gudie to Historical Criminal Records inEngland and Wales," David T. Hawkins. No Pettengills are listed in the book, he missed three. Richard Petingale was born 6 Jan 1610 in Shotesham, Norfok, Eng and m abt 1640-1643 to Joanna Ingersoll b 3 Mar 1625, Sutton, Bedford, Eng. Richard was the first child to Matthew Petingale and his 2d wife, Mary Cooke, who married on 14 Nov 1609. All dates and places were found by a reputable genealogist researcher in England employed by Dr. Pettingill a few years ago, he examined and made extracts from the original church records. So, if he married in the 1640's there was plenty of time to searve his 7 years with the Ingersolls. It would seem that most of the early immigrants from England were "outcasts" from England. I have not seen any references as to when Richard became a Puritan or congregationalist, his parents were Anglicans - Births, Marriages, and Deaths, recorded in the local parish Church. I have a drawing of the church fron an old parish study, also, a series of photographs taken within the past ten years. Thanks forasking me. I have two new e-mail addresses, my old one with Inforum.net, was terminated by their acquisition by a more successful business. Ipswich Trials were part of a series of quarterly courts held at different locations in the county. But I have not seen any extracts nor copies of those proceedings at Ipswitch. It would be interesting to see their contents. I notices that people who were forced out by the Puritans went to Maine or to the woods to the West and South.