After the Cherokee Indians were expelled from the State of Georgia in 1838, individual Cherokees submitted claims to the Federal Government for compensation for property stolen by citizens of that state.Some claims are now in the National Archives and others in the Tennessee State Historical Society collections. The Indians particularly suffered from an organized gang of thieves known as "The Pony Club" (Neenoskuskee in Cherokee), based in Carroll County, GA (especially Clean Town, Sand Town, Leather's Ford, & Buzzard's Roost).
Some Cherokees identified members of this gang by name, and the most frequently mentioned were "Old Man Philpot"[Richard?], his sons James Philpot, and Reuben Philpot (Cherokee nickname: Ahqualuste), and his son-in-law James Johnson. Other crooks were Allen, Josiah, and Thomas York [brothers-in-law of James & Reuben Philpot). Also named were Asa and Nathan Upton (who belonged to the "Philpot clan"); William Shipley; John Goodwin; Jack & John West; Tom Hogan; Jesse Humphrey; Joel Leathers; Josh Smith; Edward, Hugh, John, & Thomas Tatum; Alexander Ramsey; and John, Muk [?], and Pink [=Pinckney?] Welch.
These names also appear in the 1830 U.S. Census for Carroll County,GA; the 1837 State Census for Pauling County [carved out of Carroll Co.]; and some were winners of the 1832 Georgia Land Lottery [the prizes were tracts of Cherokee land].See WHITES AMONG THE WHITES, by Mary Bondaurant Warren.This information is intended to provide family connections from a source not likely to have been found by standard genealogical research.