Now if there could be born an honest, liberty-loving leader who would take things in hand, concentrate the Indian forces, capture all the praying white races and their allies, the mixed-blood cut throats, and chop off the their damn heads, there would remain the most innocent, law-abiding people on the earth-the pure Indian. GID.... Though I do not believe the above quote from above GIDEON knew alot about the choctaw and chickasaw tribes.GIDEON AND THE INDIANSFrom Georgia to Mississippi and from Texas to Mexico, Gideon had a long and intimate contact with Indians. His first playmates were Muskogee Indian boys, from whom he learned native lore and methods of hunting and fishing. Gideon became an expert in the use of the bow and arrow and the more lethal blow-gun.By the time I was five years of age, the use of these destructive implement had become a perfect passion with me. I vied with the best marksmen of my age among the Indian boys: could knock the picayune out of the split stick at ten paces distant as often as any f them... during my eleventh and twelfth year I had five nice, good-natured fellows... the prevaence of the basic rule of pure democracy secured the peace and filled our sproting hours with undisturbed delights. All strove manfully to excell; but superion skill or extraordinary sucess was never alluded to by the performer. This, however, is common with all indians, previous to their being contaminated with the is oon lush fillok chee__the forked-tongue civilities of progressed society... These boys could, and so could I, imitate the call notes of all the birds... The mos deadly and murderous deception practiced by us, and which was attended with the greatest success, was totake a blow-gun and plenty of arrows.. A good blow gun and strong healthy lungs can propel one of these arrows seventy-five yard.. it is certain and fatal as a rifle. I knew an Indian woman who killed her husband with a blowgun. Nobody blamed her, for he called her ugly. In Indian etiquette that is themost unpardonable offensive word that can be used.. My father retired before the unholy, intrusive tramp of civilzation, and my indian companions were frequently changed; but the newones I came in contact with on the borders always seemed proud of me on account of my being able to talk with them, and my sprots would be continued in my new life.Later, Lincecum lived and traded with the Choctaw, Chickasaw, and CherokeeIndians on the Tombigbee River in Mississippi. When he first arrived in that area Lincecum found the famous John Pitchlynn, his mothers second cousin, living in the Choctaw village. Pitchlynn then in his sixties, had lived with the Choctaws since he was four years old. After George Washington commissioned him an interpreter among the Choctaws, Pitchlynn, on one of his trips to the capital, visited a onth in Georgia with Gideio,s parents. One of Pitchynn,s half-breed offspring was destined to be amoung the Indian Greats.He was Peter Perkins Pitchlynn, who became a chief after the removal of the Choctaws to Indian Territory. Pitchlynn had another son John, Jr. who had a trading post on the Indian side of the Tombigbee River. Opposite it Gideion errected what he said was the first structure on the present site of Columbus, Mississippi, and competed with John, Jr. as a trader. Columbus soons grew into a sizable community. gideon grew with it into numerous activities. He became chief justice and chairman of a school commission; he organized a county court and appointed officers; he surveyed and leased town lots; he organized a Masonic Lodge and became its first worshipful master. But Gideion did not enjoy his role as a founding father; responsibilities and organizations restricted his freedom.We were supposed to be in Alabama, but when the line dividing the states of Alabama and Mississippi was laid out, we found ourselves ten miles on the mississippi side in a slip of courtry eighty miles long and averaging twety miles wide. The Tombigbee River was the line betwixt us and the Indians. The leislature at length recognized us as a part of the state of Mississippi and named this long strip of land Monroe County.. About this tme the people began to talk of sending me to the legislature and to avoid such a dilemma I went over the river and entered into partnership John Pitchlyn Jr... He was an eucated man and very clever fellow, but a most incorrigible drndard. But that would make no difference, as according to contract and too evade the intercourse regulations which forbid any white man with a family dwelling within the Nation he, Pitchly, was to have nothing in the management of the business, In the knowledge of all outsiders, I occupied the position f superintending clerk. Pitchlyn had a good store house at the ferry landing opposite columbus and four or five thousand dollars worth of good. I had about the same amount and we put them together... Pitchlyn, residence was miles from the store, a circumstance favorable to our business for he was, when drunk, so abusive and so often drunk, that he was not popular with the Indians, I was know to most of the choctaws.My Indian name was shappo-to-hoba__White Hat. The first time they saw me, I had on a white hat...I finished the large house Pitchlyn had commenced and on 8 of January 1822 fave a subscription ball,$5.00 a head for men, which from the novelty of such a thing in the Choctaw Nation was attended by a number of people. The ball money paid for the house. Great as was the situation for making money, we were so unhealthy that we were forced to leave it. Pitchlyn, without my knowledge, had gone up to Cotton Gin Port, rented a house and ordering his goods on the reputation of our Choctaw establishment had set up $5,000 stock of goods and engaged a drunken fellow by the name of Andrew Morrision to superintend the selling of them to the Chckasaw Indians. Pitchlyn spent most of his time there, where he could drink free of my interference...After a while Pitchly came and told me that morrison had made way with the greater part of the gods, and that he wanted me to go up and take possession and save what I could, and I finally censented. Irented housese for my, family, but as we contunied unhealthy, I went out into the hills and selected a quarter section fo publec land, entered it and built houses and noved my family, as soon a possible. Here amounth the clean, uncropped grass, in the high dry land we all recovered our health. Lincecum spent many days in the Indian villages, recording the tribes culture, traditions, and herbal medicines. He made friends wia number of Indians who became important figures not only in their own tribes but in the history of the united states.Amoung them were Mushalatubbee, a noted Choctaw chief and warrior who refused to join Tecumseh and his Shawnees in support of the British in the War of 1812, and Pushmataha, a disinguished Choctaw chief and orator who is buried in the Congressional Cemetery in Washington, Gideon wrote of Mushalatubbee: He was a handsome man, about six feet in height and quite corpulent, He possessed a lively, herful dispisioion, and as all fat men, was good natured and would get drunk. He was not mch of an orator, and to remedy that deficiency he selected an orator to speak for him. His name was Aiaokatubi, and except for Apushimataha he could deliver himself more gracfully and with ore ease than any man manI ever heard address and audience. Mushulatubi was a frequent visitor of my house, while I resided in the nation, for it was in his district Ihad my house, and but eighteen miles from his residence. He was good company, full of agreeable anecdotes and witty, inoffensive repartee, until he became too much intoxicated. Then he was nothing but a drunen Indian... Mushulabube resided on the military road, which prewious to the advent of steamboats on the mississippi River, was the great throughfare upin whic returned the hosts of flatboat men from Ohio, Kentucky,Tennessee and Indiana... I have often heard those weary footmen passing my house --I also resided on the military road --speaking of the friendly demeanorand the kind hospitality they had received a the house of Mushulatubi.Pushmataha was frequent guest in the Lincecum house. Gideion wrote of him: "I always looked upin him as possessing the strongest and best balanced intellect of any man I had ever heard speak... At their naional councils quite a number of whit men would attend, and I have seen them.. chained to their seats for hours at a time , although they understood not a word of his language." Gideons curiosity about the origin of the numerous man-made mouds in the area led him to an ancient and wise old Indian, Chahta Immataha, who was crippled and crusty but still bright of eyeand mind. with him gideon spent many hours over a period of years writing in choctaw all that the wise man told him of the legends and traditions of the Chahtas, the ancient name of the Choctaws. Lincecum leard Indian herabla medicine from medicine manof great requtation who lived in Six Towns n the Choctaw Nation. Pierre Juzon, Half-breed, arranged for the two to meet" on the black rock bluff on the Noxubee River," seventy miles from gideon,s house. For six weeks the two were alone in the woods studying plants and their medicinal uses. Gidion wrote his notes in Choctaw. When the Indian doctor ended is instructions he looked a Lincecum,s notes and said: "How strange that his small bundle of holds all the knowledge I ever possessed.: Gideon,s prosperity as an Indian trader ended when a three-year illness, brought on after a strenuous bear hunt on a hot day, left him brokenin health. Other misfortunes followed. His partner, John Pitchlynn Jr. was murdered; their store was robbed, and Lincecum found himself heavily in debt.:I at length matured a pln that I thought would make money if i could suceed in getting in into action. The project was to taise a company of Cctaw ball player, travel with them and exhitit them in ball plays and war dances. I writo my good friend, John Pitchlynn Sr; on the sbject, Soon I received a reply by the hand of Fulahooma that forty choice ball players would assemble at Oakshush spring on the next Monday, 29 November 1829, and for me to come.WWe were on the gound in due time, and by 12 O:clock ther were upwards of 400 ball player assembled. We built up a council fire and held a big talk. They were all hungry and I got my friend Pitchly to have three fat beeves driven to a place and slaughtered for them to eat. They thought 400 not too many to , go, poor fellows. I did not know what to do so as not to give offense. Finally I proposed a draft. I would take every tenth man. Fulahomma had a privately engage forty brag players and giver me their names. These names were put into a hat, a little boy called up and instructed how to draw. Then Pitchlyn explained that the draft would take only every tenth man, and make it fair, the little boy had been selected to draw the names. There wer 30 blank tickes put in the hat.. The Indians cold not see inthe the decption, but calling itlottery, directed by the Great Sprit, thought it execeedingly fair, and at eh conclusion expressed satisifaction and went to cooking and eating the beeves. We were off by light the next morning, passing through Columbus and up the Miitary Road. I travelled with those Indians eight month, but made only money enough to feed and cloth them decently. I started without money and was so weak that the Indians would lift me on my horse. I camped out all the trip and my health imprived. One of the Indians got crippled and I let him ride my horse and I walked. While I made no money the improvement of my health was ample remuneration for the hardships I underwent. I brought all the Indians back, gace them five pounds of bacon apiece and disbanded them. They dubbed me Hopiye Cheto, Big leader, and we parted forever. I found my wife scuffling and fighting poverty; she had been spinning and weaving and had the children well clothed, and they still had corn and meat. With deep sadness gideon watched the first forced departure of his Indian friends and neighbors to new Indian Territory in Arkansas, on a bitter cold night in November, 1831, the silently passed the Lincecum house, situated on what was to be known as the :Trail of Tears.: Thirty Years later Lincecum Wrote: I remember now, though the time has long passed, with feeling of unfined gratitude the many kindessses bestwed on me and my little family in 1818 and 1819 when we were in their neighborhood, before the country bagan to fill up with other white people.. It affords me pleasure, after the lapse of near half a centur, to recall in memory the many happy days and hours I spent in the days of my young manhood in griendly intercourse with the innocent and unsophisticated people. We met often, hunted together, and fished together, swam together, and they wer positively and I have no hesitation in declaring it here, the most truthful, most reliable and best people I have ever dewelt with. While we resided in their country my wife had a very severe fever that confined her to her ed for seeral weeks, During her sickness the good, kind-hearted Chahta women would come ften, bringing with them their nicely prepared tampulo water for her to drink, and remaining by the sick bed for hours at a time would MANIFEST THE DEEP SYMPATHY THEY FELT BY GROANING FOR THE AFFICTED ONE, ALL THE TIME OF THEIR PROTRACTED VISIT. The time is long gone, and I may never have the plasure of meeting with any of that most excellent race of people again, But so ong as the life pendulum swngs in this old time-shattered bosom, I shall re member their many kindnesses to me and mine, with sentiments of kindest affection and deepest gratitde, and my prayers for their elevation and progress as a people amony the enlightened nations of earth shall not cease.