I have about exhausted the resources readily available for 18th Century Virginia. I have included in the site all the references to the Poe family in court orders, deeds and such for Essex / Caroline County, Orange /Culpeper/ Rappahannock County, Spotsylvania County, and miscellaneous other counties.
None of the earliest "parent" counties, Lancaster, York or Rappahanock seem to have any extant reference to the Poe name.
To date, the first reference found relating to Samuel Poe is the VA Quit Rent roll of 1703 for Essex County, showing Samuel Poe owning 800 acres. He purchased another 105 acres in 1707. The family appears to have sold off most of the land by the later part of the 1700s. However, a William Poe was taxed for 105 acres in Caroline County through 1799 when the records I have access to end.
Samuel Poe did not leave a will. There is no mention of a wife in any record, much less a name. There is no specific mention of a child in any record. There is Essex County court information in regard to Robert Browning petitioning to administer the estate of Samuel Poe that no heir was aged 21 by 1725 (the only hint there were children). The best guess is that Robert Browning was married to a daughter. Robert Browning and William Poe moved almost simultaneously to Orange/Culpeper County and lived near each other. This William (wife Lydia) was almost certainly a son of Samuel Poe.
After the death of Samuel Poe, we see names appear in Essex / Caroline County records that one assumes are his sons: Simon Poe, Benjamin Poe, Samuel Poe, William Poe and probably Mossom (or Marsom) Poe.
Questions: How do all the William Poes and Samuel Poes relate to one another. Who was the son of whom? Was Mossom Poe a son or grandson of Samuel Poe (and why did his son, Thomas, of Spotsylvania County, insist on spelling the name Powe instead of Poe?).
The following are some mysteries:
(My favorite) Who was the Robert Poe who died testate in Essex County in 1722. And who was Katherine Poe who appears once in the Essex County records around that time.
Who was the Elizabeth Poe, Robert Poe and John Po who briefly appear in Lunenburg County records.
Who is the William Poe who made a land deal way out in Augusta County (is this real or a clerical error?)
There are other mysteries, and you will find them if you look over the data. Of course, there is the big one - where did Samuel Poe come from?
I hope people will look over all the data I have compiled and help piece together the family story. I have done some analysis, but primarily wanted to get the source material out there for all to see. Especially, since McDonald Poe, who alerted many of us to the existence of Samuel Poe, was so terribly misleading on so many counts (he seems to have invented a will and a wife for Samuel, who he named Mary. He invented the notion that Samuel Poe was from Nottingham England - perhaps he was but there is no evidence for it to date).
I hope, also, the information provided will dispell the incredible and damaging idea that we have any clue about a parent for Samuel Poe. We know nothing further back than 1704, no matter what people want to believe.