Henry VIII decimated the immediate family of Cardinal Pole, but the persecution of the rest of the family continued under the short reign of his immediate successor, King Edward VI.The persecution ceased when Edward VI died and was succeeded by his half-sister, Mary Tudor, who was Catholic.She even brought Cardinal Pole back to England and made him Archbishop of Canterbury.Together, they tried to return England to the Catholic faith.But Mary only reigned five years before her death (Cardinal Pole died the same day!); and the crown then passed to her half-sister, Elizabeth I, who reigned for many years.Persecution resumed under the latter and continued even under the succeeding Stuarts.
Let us now go back to the time of Henry VIII and his decimation of Margaret Plantagent Pole's immediate family.Sir Richard and Margaret (Plantagenet) Pole had five children: Henry, Arthur, Geoffrey, Reginald, and Ursula.
Henry Pole married Janet Neville, and they had two daughters: Katherine Pole married Francis Hastings and had many descendants, but none of them carried the Pole name; and Winifred Pole who married Sir Thomas Barrington and also had many descendants, none of them carrying the Pole name either.Henry Pole was executed by King Henry VIII in 1539.
Arthur Pole married and had three children: Henry Pole, who died without issue; Mary Pole married Sir John Stanley - nothing is known about any descendants, but they would not have borne the Pole name; and Margaret Pole married Sir Thomas Fitz Herbert - nothing is known of their descendants either, but they would not have been named Pole.Arthur Pole apparently died before all the persecutions began because he was never mentioned in any of the proceedings against the family.
I will skip the next son, Geoffrey Pole, just now - to be covered later.
Reginald Pole was the son who became a cardinal during the reign of King Henry VIII, and survived all the persecutions while being protected on the continent by the Pope and other Catholic monarchs.He never married and had no children; therefore, he could not be the ancestor of any further Pole descendants.As stated above, he was returned to England by Queen Mary I, and survived only five more years, dying on the same day as Mary.
Ursula Pole married Henry, Lord Stafford, and they had descendants; but again they would not have borne the Pole name into the future.
I will post this and then continue with information on the above Geoffrey Pole.