For Ira Polley look under "P" in the alphabetical lost of convicts.
Canadian Convicts on the HMS Buffalo 1839-1840
From 1839 to 1840 a number of convicts were transported from the British colony of Canada (known then as Upper Canada) for taking part in the rebellions against the British crown. 82 were American patriots, who had crossed the border, and 58 were French prisoners from Lower Canada. 5 civil prisoners were also transported.
The Buffalo departed from Quebec on 28th September 1839, sailed via Rio de Janeiro, and arrived off Hobart, Tasmania, on 11th February 1840. The Americans were disembarked, but the French convicts from Lower Canada were sent on to Sydney, New South Wales. On 26th February the Buffalo arrived in Sydney with the 58 French-Canadian political prisoners, who were interned near present-day Concord, resulting in the naming of Canada Bay, French Bay and Exile Bay. They were apparently treated much better than the Americans; they were liberated sooner, and assisted in getting home.
Following is an extract from The Concise Guide to the State Archives (NSW):
Assignment records of the Principal Superintendent of Convicts:
Butts of tickets of private employment, 1841-42, CGS 12199 (4/4287-88; microfilm copy SR Reel 592, photocopy [City] COD214). 2 vols.:
Only one of the volumes (4/4287) has been used, and then only partly. It records the following information: number, date, name, ship, year, native place, calling, place and date of trial, sentence, year of birth, height, complexion, hair, eyes, general remarks (usually consisting of a detailing of various scars and moles possessed by the prisoner), who is to employ him, for what purpose, how much the employer is going to lodge in the savings bank, Sydney, per month to the credit of the prisoner, how much he is to give prisoner in wages besides providing him with board and lodging. (Each ticket expired after six months, but notes on the butts indicate that they could be renewed if required).
Almost invariably the name of the prisoner assigned denotes that he has French ancestry. All the prisoners arrived aboard the ship "Buffalo" in 1840 after having been convicted at Montreal, Canada, in late 1838 or 1839.
The amount paid in wages is always 3/6 per week and the amount lodged in the bank per month either 15/- or 20/-.
When the Americans from the Buffalo arrived in Hobart, they found others who had been transported via the hulks in England, making a total of 92 "Patriot exiles" in VDL. Of these, fourteen died as a direct result of transportation and the rigours of penal servitude. By the end of 1844 half of those in VDL had been granted pardons. Nearly all were pardoned by 1848, but five remained in penal servitude until at least 1850. None of those pardoned chose to stay in Tasmania.
Extracts of the narratives of three of the convicts (Heustis, Marsh and Snow) are online at the International Centre for Convict Studies web site.
The following code has been used in the list:- L - French Canadians, convicted at Montreal (age and occupation). U - American patriots, convicted at Fort Henry, Toronto (age and place of birth).
Name Code Age Place of Birth/Occupation
AITCHESON James Milne U 28 Scotland ALLEN David U 37 Massachusetts ALLERY Michael L 38 Joiner
BAKER Thomas U 47 Minden New York BARNUM Henry Verrelon U 25 Charlotteville BECHARD Theodore L 49 Farmer & Vet BERGEVIN Charles L 53 Farmer BERRY John U 40 Columbia Co NY BIGONNESSE Francois L 49 Farmer BLODGET Orlin U 23 Jefferson Co NY BOUC Guillaume Charles L 48 Clerk/Yeoman BOURBONNAIS Desire L 20 Blacksmith BOURDON Louis L 23 Farmer BOUSQUET Jean Baptiste L 44 Farmer & Miller BRADLEY John U 30 Co Antrim IRL BROWN George T U 22 Jefferson Co NY BUGBEE Chauncey U 22 Jefferson Co NY BUISSON Constant L 30 Blacksmith
CALHOUN Hugh U 25 Ireland CHEVREFILS Gabriel I L 43 Farmer COLLINS Robert G. U 21 New York State COOLEY Horace U COUPAL Antoine L 50 Farmer CRONKHITE John U 30 Oswego Co NY CURTIS Lysander U 33 Vermont
DARBY Luther U 48 Massachusetts DEAN John U DEFAILLETTE Louis L 48 Farmer DELINO Leonard U 25 Jefferson Co NY DRESSER Aaron jnr U 22 Jefferson Co NY DUCHARMER Leon L 23 Merchants Clerk DUMOUCHELLE Joseph L 47 Farmer DUMOUCHELLE Louis L 42 Farmer/Innkeepe DUTCHER Moses A. U 23 Montgomery CoNY
FELLOWES Elon U 23 New York State FERO James De Witt U 25 Upper Canada FRAER Michael U 23 New York State GAGNON David L 29 Joiner Carpente
GARRISON Emanuel J. U 26 Vermont GATES William U 23 New York State GILLMAN John U 38 Oneida Co NY GOODRICH Gideon U 43 Massachusetts GOYETTE Jacques L 29 Carpenter GRIGGS Jerry E. (bro) U 22 Connecticut GRIGGS Nelson S (Bro) U 28 Onondaga Co NY GUERIN Louis L 37 Merchant/Baker GUERTIN Francois L 44 Carpenter GUIMOND Joseph L 48 Carpenter GUTRIDGE John Seymour U 30 Cayuga Co NY
HEBERT Jacques David L 49 Farmer HEBERT Joseph Jacques L 42 Farmer/labourer HEUSTIS Daniel D. U 27 Chesire Co NH HICKS Garret U 27 Jefferson Co NY HIGHLAND William U HITING Nathan U 48 Connecticut HOWTH David U 24 Montgomery CoNY HUOT Charles L 53 Notary Public INGLIS James U 30 Paisley SCT
LABERGE Jean L 35 Farmer LANCTOT Hypolite L 23 Notary Public LANGLOIS Etienne L 26 Farmer.Joiner LANGUEDOC Etienne L 22 Farmer LAVOIE Pierre L 49 Farmer LeBLANC David Drossin L 36 Farmer LeBLANC Herbert Drossi L 32 Farmer LEEPER Andrew U 42 Harrison Co KY LEFORTE Joseph U 29 Lower Canada LEPAILLEURE Francios M L 33 House Painter LISCUM Daniel U 22 New York LONCTIN Jacques L 59 Farmer LONCTIN Moyse L 21 Farmer LOOP Hiram U 26 Oswego Co NY
M'MANIGALL John U MARCEAU Joseph L 34 Farmer/Weaver MARSH Robert U 26 New York State MARTIN Foster U 32 Onondaga Co NY MARTIN Jehiel H. U 31 Grafton Co NH MATHERS Calvin (twin) U 24 Onondaga Co NY MATHERS Chauncey (Twin) U 24 Onondaga Co NY MERRIT Edwin U MOORE Andrew U 26 Saratoga Co NY MORIN Achille L 25 Clerk/Gentleman MORIN Hector Pierre L 54 Mariner/gent. MORIN Michael (MURRAY) U 31 Lower Canada MORRISETTE John U 22 Lower Canada MOTT Benjamin L 43 Farmer
NEWCOMBE Samuel L 65 Surgeon NOTTAGE William U 38 Halifax Nova S OWEN Alson U 24 Oswego Co NY
PADDOCK Jacob U 18 Jefferson Co NY PAPINEAU Andre L 40 Blacksmith PARE Joseph L 48 Farmer PIERCE James U 22 Oneida Co NY PINSONNAULT Louis L 40 Farmer PINSONNAULT Rene L 48 Farmer PINSONNEAU Pascal L 27 Farmer POLLY Ira U 23 New York State PREVOST Francois Xavier L 30 Merchant PRIEST Asa U 40 Massachusetts PRIEUR Francois Xavier L 24 Merchant
REYNOLDS Solomon U 33 Washington NY REYNOLDS William U 33 New York State RICHARDSON Asa H. U 23 Oswego Co NY ROBERT Theopile L 25 Farmer ROCHON Edouard Pascal L 39 Carriage Maker ROCHON Jeremie L 36 Wheelwright ROCHON Toussaint L 30 Carriage Maker ROY Basile L 42 Farmer ROY Charles L 52 Farmer ROY Joseph L 24 Labourer
SHARP Hiram U 24 Onondaga Co NY SHELDON Chauncey U 52 Vermont SHEW Henry U 23 Jefferson Co NY SIMMONS John Henry U 23 New York State SMITH Orin W. U 26 Vermont SNOW Samuel U 38 Massachusetts SPRAGUE John U 28 New York State STEVENS Elizar U 27 United States STEWART Joseph U 25 Miffin Co PA STEWART Riley Monson U 31 Massachusetts STOCKTON Thomas U 26 Jefferson Co NY SWANBERG John G. U 27 Philadelphia PA SWEET Alvin Burroughs U 22 New York State
THIBERT Jean Louis L 52 Farm Labourer THIBERT Jean Marie L 38 Farm Labourer THOMAS John L 26 Madrid THOMPSON Joseph U 22 Jefferson Co NY TOUCHETTE Francois X. L 32 Blacksmith TRUDELLE Jean Baptiste L 34 Farmer/Joiner TURCOT Louis L 36 Farmer TYRELL John Burwell U 24 Malahide CANADA
WASHBURN Samuel U Warren Co NY WHITE Patrick U 22 Limerick IRL WHITNEY Reilly U 27 Vermont WILLIAMS James Peter U 24 New York State WILLIAMS John Chester U 38 Vermont WILSON Edward A. U 23 Pompey Onondago WOODBURY Beemis U 24 Massachusetts WOODMAN Elijah Crocker U 42 U.S. Citizen WRIGHT Stephem Smith U 25 Lewis Co NY