According to most family trees, (carelessly copied from other family trees) Thomas Pugh is assumed to be the husband of Elizabeth Richardson who was the daughter of Joseph Richardson and Elizabeth Bevan-Richardson.
Also, Thomas Pugh is assumed to be the father of James Pugh the North Carolina regulator who was hanged in 1771. (James Pugh by the way, has been carelessly recorded as such in several historic documents as well.)
This is not correct!
Use caution in viewing online 'trees' which are not sourced. Many are simply copied from other 'trees', thus comprising nothing more than a collection of names with nothing to validate them.
Here is why this information is not correct,
Sources: Documented birth and death dates, burial records, marriage records, and documented Wills.
The James Pugh, who was the son of Thomas Pugh and husband of Jane Patterson died in 1810! He also has a Will dated 1810!
Source: There is a Will on file (Will book 3, page 176) dated 14 Feb 1810, proved in May court session, 1810, of one James Pugh. It lists his wife as Jane, and children; Jenny and Jesse E. Also, names brothers, Thomas Pugh, John Pugh, and sister Penninah (Pugh) Walker. Executors were wife Jane Pugh, and "trusty friend" Jacob Pugh.
Source for James Pugh's burial:
1. Death date 1810. Cemetery records of Randolph Co., NC, documented from book at Salt Lake City Family History Library, 10 July 2003.
2. A documented reading of the "Old Campbell Cemetery Cemetery" done in 1979, for Randolph County Cemetery Records, IV.
3. Randolph County Genealogical Journal, Vol. 4, No. 5, 12-13, a documented reading done in 1934.
* James Pugh is buried next to his wife Jane Patterson-Pugh. Also buried in the next row is James' father, Thomas Pugh and his mother Elizabeth Pugh. James' sister Elizabeth Pugh-Fruit is buried in the same row, along with her husband, John Fruit. Also buried there in Peninah Pugh-Walker, James' other sister.
The Pugh/Fruit/Campbell Cemetery (Old Campbell Cemetery) is a small family cemetery located in the area of Liberty, NC. The cemetery was put on the adjoining corners of the land owned by the Pugh, Fruit, and Campbell families. Today, this land is owned by the Gilmore Plant & Bulb Company. Their address is 9154 Old 421 Road, Julian, North Carolina 27283. Stop in their office and they will direct you to the cemetery. It is located in a wooded section of land, near the back of the farm.
Source: Thomas Pugh made his Will in 1794 naming his son James Pugh as executor. (The James Pugh who was hanged in 1771 has been dead for 23 years by this time!)
The James Pugh who married Jane Patterson and is the son of Thomas and Elizabeth Pugh died in 1810!
James Pugh and Jane Patterson are the parents of Jenny Pugh born circa 1797 and Jesse Pugh born in 1802. (See Jesse's headstone it clearly reads born 1802)
WILL OF THOMAS PUGH, Randolph Co., NC Will Book 2, pg. 34, 10 Aug. 1794
In the name of God Amen. I, THOMAS PUGH, of Randolph County and State of North Carolina being weak in body but of sound memory Blessed be God, do this tenth day of August and in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety four make and publish this my last will and testament in manner and form following. That is to say.
First I give and devise to my son, JAMES PUGH, two hundred and twenty one acres of land more or less as it may be where I now dwell to him and his heirs and assigns forever. Also I give to my said son JAMES PUGH all my goods and chattles of whatsoever kind they may be and that JAMES PUGH with his paying of three pounds current money of the State of North Carolina to his brother here named THOMAS PUGH and the like sum of three pounds current money to his sister PENNIAH WALKER.
Item - I give and devise to my son JOHN PUGH one hundred and eighty acres of land where he now dwelleth with the pertenances to him and his heirs forever with his paying his brother THOMAS PUGH three pounds current money of North Carolina and I make and ordain him my son JAMES PUGH my sole executor of this my last will and testament in trust for the intent and purposes in this my will contained in witness whereof I the said THOMAS PUGH have to this my last will and testament set my hand and seal this day and year above written.
Signed: THOMAS PUGH (Seal)
Signed, sealed, and delivered by the said THOMAS PUGH as and his last will and testament in the presence of us who were present at the signing and sealing thereof.
BLANCH (B) HAMILTON
The execution of the above will, etc. was duly proved in open court and let it be recorded.
Test. J. HARPER, CCC
* The other James Pugh was hanged in 1771.
1771 the six hanged were Benjamin Merrill, captain of the Rowan County militia; Captain Messer; Robert Matear; James Pugh; and two others whose names are unrecorded. The men were buried together in a single plot, with the exact location unknown, although it is believed that the unmarked grave lies near the Eno River in the vicinity of Cameron Park School.
The Elizabeth Richardson who was the daughter of Joseph Richardson and Elizabeth Bevan-Richardson and who married Samuel Stalford is NOT the same Elizabeth Richardson who married Thomas Pugh.
There was an Elizabeth Richardson (born circa 1709) who married Thomas Pugh, her only husband. This Elizabeth may not even be a Richardson. The quaker meeting records record a Thomas Pugh married an Elizabeth Pugh in 1729. This Elizabeth died Nov. 2, 1794 in Randolph County, North Carolina and is buried by her husband Thomas Pugh in the old Pugh/Fruit/Campbell Cemetery in Randolph North Carolina. Note: All the Friends meeting records have the wives maiden name's recorded for marraiges and Elizabeth's last name is listed as Pugh. (I have seen family tree records indicating she was the daughter of a Harry and Catherine Pugh)
There was an Elizabeth Richardson (born 1717) married first a Mr. (unknown) Pugh. She married secondly, Samuel Stalford, this Elizabeth (who married Samuel Stalford) died in Pennsylvania on August 23, 1816 and is buried in Pennsylvania.The Elizabeth Richardson who married Samuel Stalford is the daughter of Joseph Richardson and Elizabeth Bevan-Richardson. Fact!
So, who are the parents of the Elizabeth who married Thomas Pugh and is she a Richardson or is she a Pugh???(Again, I have seen family tree records indicating she was the daughter of a Harry and Catherine Pugh). If she was a Pugh and her father was possibly the brother of Thomas Pugh's father, this would make sense as it is documented that Elizabeth and Thomas were married "out of union" because they were cousins.
Elizabeth (the wife of Thomas Pugh) has been documented carelessly time and time again as the daughter of Joseph Richardson just because his actual daughter married first a unknown Pugh then secondly Samuel Stalford. But these are two different Elizabeths!
Both Elizabeths have two seperate birth and death dates!
Source: If you carefully read the Will of Joseph Richardson (see below) the time line does not add up for the Elizabeth who married Thomas Pugh! She simply is not his daughter!
Time line for both Elizabeth Richardsons.
The Elizabeth Richardson who married Thomas Pugh will be Elizabeth (1)
The Elizabeth who married Samuel Stalford (and is the daughter of Joseph Richardson) will be Elizabeth (2) Elizabeth Richardson (1)
*Circa 1709 Elizabeth (1) is born in Pennsylvania.
*Circa 1729/1730 Elizabeth (1) at age 20 or 21 marries Thomas Pugh in Chester County, Pennsylvania. (Elizabeth (2) was just turning 14/15 years old)
* In 1731, land records show that Thomas and his wife Elizabeth (1) sold 200 acres to Timothy and Pheobe Savage
*Circa 1732 Elizabeth (1) gives birth to Jesse Pugh in Pennsylvania.
*Circa 1739 Elizabeth (1) gives birth to Mary Pugh in Pennsylvania.
*Circa 1740 Elizabeth (1) gives birth to Elizabeth Pugh in Pennsylvania.
*Circa 1741 Elizabeth (1) gives birth to Peninah Pugh in Pennsylvania.
*Circa 1742 Elizabeth (1) gives birth to Enoch Pugh in Pennsylvania.
*Circa 1744 Elizabeth (1) gives birth to James Pugh in Pennsylvania.
*Circa 1745 Elizabeth (1) gives birth to John Pugh in Pennsylvania.
*Circa 1748 Elizabeth (1) gives birth to Thomas Pugh Jr in Virginia and/or North Carolina.
* Thomas and Elizabeth (1) move from Chester County Pennsylvania about 1747 to Frederick County, Virginia then shortly after to North Carolina. * Early 1750's The Pughs are the first known of thier name (Pugh) to settle in North Carolina.
*Thomas and Elizabeth (1) were members of the Hopewell MM (Quaker) in Frederick County Virgina. They then moved to Cane Creek in North Carolina (Quaker). Thomas was received on 3, July 1756.
*November 2, 1794 Elizabeth (1) Pugh passes away and is buried in the old Pugh/Campbell/Fruit Cemetery in Randolph, North Carolina.
*Circa 1794/1797 Thomas Pugh (Elizabeth (1)?fs husband passes away and is buried next to his wife Elizabeth (1) and some of their children in the old Pugh/Campbell/Fruit Cemetery in Randolph, North Carolina. (There are records documenting this, SEE ABOVE, under James Pugh burial info, 2003, 1979, 1934.)
Elizabeth Richardson (2)
*September 17, 1717 Elizabeth (2) is born in Pennsylvania. (Elizabeth (1) is 8 years old)
*Circa 1745 Elizabeth (2) marries (Unknown) Pugh in Pennsylvania. (Elizabeth (1) has already given birth to 7 of her 8 children)
*Circa 1745 Elizabeth (2) gives birth to Hannah Pugh.
* December 6, 1745 Elizabeth (2) Pugh and her daughter Hannah Pugh are named in her father Joseph Richardson?f?fs Will. Item- I give my daughter Elizabeth Pugh the sum of 30 pounds and a white mare formerly her mother's riding mare. Also a negro girl named Parthenia during her natural life and thence after her decease to her daughter, Hannah.
*Circa 1749 Elizabeth (2)?fs daughter Hannah Pugh passes away in Pennsyvania. (Elizabeth (1) and her family have relocated to Frederick County Virginia by then)
* In Codicil 2 1749/50 (of Richard's Will) A revision is made do to Hannah?fs passing; Hannah is now deceased, so Parthenia should go to a daughter of Elizabeth, but for want of such surviving heir, Parthenia should go to my son Edward's eldest daughter Sarah.
This indicates that Elizabeth (2) has no other children at this time.
Note: Elizabeth (1) has given birth to all eight of her children by this time)
*April 3, 1752 Elizabeth (2) Richardsen-Pugh marries Samuel Stalford in Pennsylvania. (So she has either divorced her first husband or he has passed away)
*Circa 1752 Elizabeth (2) gives birth to James Stalford in Pennsylvania. (Circa 1752 Elizabeth (1) and her husband Thomas Pugh and family have already moved away from Pennsylvania)
* January 27, 1754 Elizabeth (2) gives birth to Joseph Stalford in Pennsylvania.
* June 1, 1755 Elizabeth (2) gives birth to Benjamin Stalford in Pennsylvania.
* October 1, 1756 Elizabeth (2) gives birth to Mary Stalford in Pennsylvania. (There are records showing Elizabeth (1) and her family are living in North Carolina)
* 23 August 1816 Elizabeth (2) Richardson-Pugh-Stalford passes away. (Elizabeth (1) has already beed dead for over 22 years)
WILL OF JOSEPH RICHARDSON, Providence, Co. of Philadelphia. Yeoman. December 6, 1745. January 14, 1752/3. Phila. Co. Will Book J.468.
Item- I give and bequeath unto my son Samuel Richardson and his wife each the sum of five pounds.
Item- I give and bequeath unto my son Aubrey my negro man called Jujiah.
Item- I give and bequeath and devise unto my son Edward a piece of meadow part of my Plantation Situate in Providence aforesaid containing about 7 acres situate on the Run between my said plantation and his to hold to him his heirs forever thereout unto the devise of the rest of my Plantation hereinafter named the Liberty of stopping the water and turning the same on my plantation when occasion is to water it.
Item- I give and Bequeath unto my son Edward a Negro boy called Edinborrough.
Item- I give and bequeath unto my son Richard Richardson a Mallota Boy called Solomon and my negro girl called Pyllis to hold unto him during his wife's lifetime and then to daughter of choice.
Item- I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Ellinor Harmer the sum of 30 pounds my black riding mare and my feather bed etc. etc. in lieu of her keeping house for me and other services thereunto, but if she does not rest content therewith babbling unrest against my estate therefor then this bequest is to be void.
Item- I give unto my daughter Barbara Davis the sum of thirty pounds and my feather bed and furniture thereto.
Item- I give unto my said Daughter Barbara a negro girl called Betty.
Item- I give my daughter Elizabeth Pugh the sum of 30 pounds and a white mare formerly her mother's riding mare. Also a negro girl named Parthenia during her natural life and thence after her decease to her daughter, Hannah Note: In Codicil 2 1749/50 Joseph says that Hannah is now deceased, so Parthenia should go to a daughter of Elizabeth, but for want of such surviving heir, Parthenia should go to my son Edward's eldest daughter Sarah.
Item- I give unto my son Edward Richardson's eldest son my desk marked J.R. and to my said son Edward Richardson's daughter (Elizabeth)/Sarah my Chest of Drawers.
Item- I give unto James Richardson and John Richardson sons of my said son Richard Richardson each the sum of 50 pounds to be paid to them when they reach 21 years with interest.
Item- I give and bequeath my old negro woman Philis her Freedom
Item- I give to eldest son of my son John Richardson deceased the sum of five pounds
Item- I give to Samuel Richardson son of my son Richard Richardson all my plantation situate in Providence aforesaid where I now dwell with the appurtenances /
the 7 acres above devised to my son Edward excepted/ when he is 21 & his heirs and assigns forever he paying thereunto James Richardson and John Richardson above named his two brothers each their legacy of 50 pounds to them above bequeathed as they respectively reach 21.
Execs: Obrey, Edward and Richard Richardson.
Witnesses: Thos. Yorke, Jacob Levering, John Davis, David Thomas.6 Dec 1745
Codicil 1: Lest there should be any dispute about the devise of my plantation in my will that if my Son Richard's Son Samuel should die before he arrive at the age of 21 years and, his the said Samuel's Brother James arrive at the age of 21 that the said James then have the said Plantation. Witnesses: Thos. Yorke, Jacob Levering, John Davis, David Thomas.
1 mo. 3, 1749/50.
Items in Codicil 2: (1) Whereas in my will he has given a Negro Girl to his Dau. Elizabeth during her life & after to her daughter Hannah (now Dead) Therefore my will is that the said negro named Parthena shall descend to the surviving Female issue of my said daughter Elizabeth but for want of such issue to my son Edward's Eldest Daughter Sara or to his surviving daughter.
(2) If my personal estate shall not amount to a sufficiency to pay all my just debts & Legacies specifyed Bequeathed or made mention of in my Will then and in such case my plantation shall be rented out for the best price that it can be had for the same and to continue untill the profits thereof shall be sufficient to defray the above named insufficiency if any there be for further Particulars reference must be had to the will, but in case the rents and profits that arise from my said plantation shall not be sufficient to defray the above insufficiency before my grandson Samuel Richardson or such as in my late will are to have been appointed heirs of my Real Estate shall arrive at years to possess it according to the words of the will aforesaid that he is allowed the priviledge of paying off the encumbrance and having possession of sd. Real Estate according to the tenor true intended in meaning thereof. Farther I will that if my personal Estate Rents or profits amount to anything more than what pays the debts & legacies that I give 3 pounds to the Providence Friend's meeting.
Item: I will and bequeath unto my son Richard Richardson all the land that I have bequeathed to his sons that lyes between the Great Roads with the rights and properties thereof during his natural life, in case he should dye after Building or improving the said place before enjoying the full value of his cost then the Heir that it is bequeathed to in my will is to pay to Richard's Executors, administrators or assigns the full value of the Charge and cost which he has been as per the full intent and meaning of this Codicil is that neither of his brother's legacies specified or mentioned in my will become as before his possession Neither interest begin till then nor any cost arising from this codicil till he has full possession and full confirmation of this my Codicil to my will.
Wit: David Thomas, John Jacobs, Francis Hobson.
9 Nov. 1751: Codicil 3, 4, & 5
Items Codicil 3: (1) I named my sons Aubrey Edward and Richard executives of my will written in 1745, now my two sons Aubrey and Edward are since dead and there is a necessity of adding an executor in their stead. I name my Trusty Friend Henry Pawling in the place of my son Edward. (2) And as there is a great alteration in the families of my children I do hereby order as followeth:
Whereas in my said will I did Bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth Pugh a negro Girl named Parthenia and thirty pounds now because my said Daughter is like to be in a needy condition I order the said Legacy to be laid unto the hands of my friends Rowland Evans and John Jacobs Jnr. to be for her use in trust and said friends shall see she has occasion and also the said negro girl to for my said Daughters support and not hired or otherwise disposed of without my said Daughters consent by any Husband she has or may have.
I give to my Daughter Ellinor Harmer for and during her natural life the use of my Room (fireplace over my kitchen with egress and regress of in and to the same & also firewood & the keeping a cow her life as aforesaid.)
I give and devise to my grandson Joseph the son of my son Edward deceased the seven acres of meadow ground that I have willed in my will to my son Edward deceased.
Codicil 4 Whereas in my will I have given to my son Owbrey a negro man named Jugiah as my sd. son since died and I have otherwise disposed of him I hereby make void that gift or bequest and confirm the disposal of sd. negro and confirm the Disposal to my son Edward and his heirs and also confirm the Disposal of Negro named Edinborrough to said son Edward & his Heirs. I also request my friend John Jacobs Jun. to be Trustee of this will within recited and this Codicile and all others.
Codicil 5 Whereas in my will I gave my daughter Barbara Davis the sum of 30 pounds which I confirm provided she is contented and do not endeavor to break or make void my will but if she does she shall not be entitled to the above 30 pounds.
Witnesses of Codicils 3, 4, 5: Jon. Jacobs, Junr., Henry Vanderslice, Isrl. Jacobs.