1. WILLIAM ROSCOE (1753-1831) OF LIVERPOOL was an historian, banker, lawyer, art collector, botanist, abolitionist, and poet of Liverpool, Lancashire, England. His father was a market gardener and tavern keeper in Mount Pleasant. He married Jane Griffiths in 1791, and they had seven sons and three daughters. William corresponded with Thomas Jefferson and was admired by Washington Irving. Irving wrote about William, "Born in a place apparently uncongenial to the growth of literary talent; in the very market place of trade; without fortune, family connection or patronage; self prompted, self sustained and almost self taught, he conquered every obstacle, achieved his way to eminence and having become one of the ornaments of the nation, has turned the whole force of his talent and influence to advance and embellish his native town."
William wrote his highly popular poem "The Butterfly's Ball and The Grasshopper's Feast" in 1806 for his young son Robert. King George III liked it so much he had it set to music for his three daughters. William's 1787 poem "The Wrongs of Africa," denouncing the slave trade, was widely acclaimed, and he donated the proceeds to the London Committee for the Abolition of the Slave Trade. His greatest historical work was THE LIFE OF LORENZO DE MEDICI in 1796, which was also widely acclaimed and established his literary reputation. Elected a member of Parliament in 1806, he spoke out strongly against the slave trade and voted to abolish it in 1807 even though Liverpool was a center of the English slave trade.
A simple cheek-swab Y-DNA test for Roscoe-surname males is needed on William's line to see whether it is related to either our I2a Kearsley Roscoe test line or our R1b1b2 Blackpool Roscoe test line, or to the Roscoe lines in Chorley, Leigh and Euxton now being sought for further tests.
2. SIR HARRY ENFIELD ROSCOE OF MANCHESTER (1833-1915), one of the foremost English chemists, was a professor from 1857 to 1887 at Owens College, Manchester, Lancashire. He wrote several books on chemistry that enjoyed wide circulation and were translated into many languages. He became especially known for his work on the foundations of comparative photochemistry and spectrum analysis, the study of vanadium compounds, and isolating the element itself in pure form. He was knighted in 1884 and served as MP for Manchester South from 1885 to 1895. He served with several royal commissions on educational matters and was vice-chancellor of the University of London from 1896 to 1902. The mineral Roscoelite was named after him because of its vanadium content, which he had studied. Sir Harry was the uncle of Peter Rabbit's Beatrix Potter and the grandson of William Roscoe of Liverpool.
3. WILLIAM RUSCOE OF THE ESSEX-HARTFORD LINE (c. 1594 Billericay, Essex - 1682 Jamaica, Queens, New York) married first wife Rebecca in England ca. 1619, mother of Nathaniel, John, Sarah and Mary. William sailed to Boston with his family in 1635 on the famous ship Increase, and settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Rebecca sailed with him in 1635, but died on the voyage. In 1640 William and sons Nathaniel and John founded Hartford, Connecticut. In 1645/1646 William married second wife, widow Hester Musse, mother of Samuel. William was appointed to keep the Hartford prison in 1649/1650. He moved to Norwalk, Connecticut, near John in 1655, and later moved in 1665 across the Sound to Jamaica, Long Island, New York, with son Samuel. He signed his will in 1680 and died in Jamaica in 1682. He founded the New England / New York Ruscoe family line. Tradition in the Ruscoe family of Norwalk is that the family was of Huguenot origin. Our tester on this Essex-Hartford Ruscoe line has been reported as G2a, and we need the usual second test for confirmation of the G2a profile and the paper chain back to the Most Recent Common Ancestor.
4. JOHN ROUSCOUE OF COUNTY ESSEX was assessed as an alien (immigrant) in 1545 at Great Dunmow in County Essex, in a subsidy of 37 Henry VIII. The family line is said to have been Flemish or Dutch in origin during a time of active Huguenot migration to England. John's son John was reportedly the father of William Ruscoe, born c. 1594 above, who sailed to Boston in 1635.
5. GILBERT ROSCOW OF EUXTON, Lancashire, was the earliest recorded Roscow, being named in 1293 in the will records at Chester during the reign of King Edward I (Longshanks - crusader - Hammer of the Scots against William Wallace at Falkirk in 1298). Euxton (now pop. 7,800) lies on the outskirts of Chorley (pop. 33,400), a fact raising the possibility that the first-named Gilbert-1293 might have been the patriarch of the Chorley Roscows. In Croxton near Euxton, daughter An of Gilbert Roscoe of Euxton was christened in 1620. In Leyland, Gilbert, son of John Roscow of Euxton, was christened in 1669. John, son of Gilbert Roscow of Euxton, was christened thirty years later in 1699. A Roscoe test credibly reaching back to any of these Euxton Gilberts would be extremely interesting and most welcome.
6. CAPT. WILLIAM RASCO OF THE NORTHAMPTON-BERTIE LINE lived in Bertie Co. and then adjacent Hertford Co., NC, and died 1806 in Stewart Co., TN. He married Rachel Howell in 1777 in Bertie. By March 1779, William was a lieutenant in the Bertie Co. Militia from the Windsor area, commanded by Capt. Charles Rhodes. His company marched to SC in 1779 and united under Gen. Butler with the Southern Army of militia and continental troops under the over-all command of Gen. Benjamin Lincoln at the Savannah River. After a mission across the GA border and back, they marched to an area outside Charleston, SC where Gen. Lincoln was in command of 6,500 men.
Gen. Lincoln took 1,200 men to attack 900 British soldiers at the James and Johns Islands across the Stone River a few miles south of Charleston. The Americans crossed the Ashley River at midnight and marched to James Island just before dawn June 20, 1779. Lt. Rasco's men were positioned with the other NC units under Jethro Sumner on the right wing of the attack. The firing started with the opposing forces 300 yards apart, and continued for an hour of gunfire through thick woods. The British sent reinforcements from Johns Island, and Gen. Lincoln called off the attack. The Americans lost 146 killed or wounded and 155 missing while the British lost 129 killed or wounded and one missing. The British abandoned their bridgehead three days later and began their retreat south to Beaufort. Rasco's unit returned to Bertie.
Willam Rasco was selected captain by April 1781 in Col. Dozier's regiment, Gen. Gregory's brigade. They marched north into VA and joined American forces near Kempsville, Norfolk Co., near the British fort at Great Bridge. The British abandoned the fort in August 1781, and the militia returned home to NC. William later in 1792 received for his military service Bounty Warrant 5255 for 640 acreas on the NC-TN frontier.
Capt. William Rasco is recognized as a DAR Patriot Ancestor, and he and his wife Rachel are recognized as one of the First Families of Tennessee. We have two tests establishing a verified I2a profile for this line. On one of these two testers a deep clade extension test now in progress reports so far that the subclade is I2a2, which could make it one of the oldest haplogroups in the British Isles. I2a haplogroup is thought to have originated many thousands of years earlier in Bosnia before the last Ice Age, while we understand the I2a2 subclade originated in the British Isles thousands of years ago. According to unsourced comments in Roscoe family histories, the line may have been related to the Blunt Point Roscows of Warwick County, Virginia, which came from the Roscows of Chorley in Lancashire. A third matching Rascoe test is on the Bertie County (NC) line, which traces back to Northampton County, Virginia, and possibly back to Leigh, Lancashire, near Chorley. A fourth matching test traces back on a line to JOHN RASCO, 1808, of Marlboro County, South Carolina.
Late breaking news: One of our Capt. William Rasco descendants in America has just matched on 64 out of 67 markers with our Lancashire-Kearsley Roscoe (also I2a). The match proves these two Roscoe lines are very closely related, and confirms that the Bertie-Northampton Rascoes came down from a Lancashire Roscoe family line. We hope to prove in the near future whether this Lancashire Roscoe line is related also to the Chorley, Leigh or Euxton Roscoes in Lancashire.
7. CORPORAL TEAGLE RASCO of Hertford Co., NC, served in the Revolutionary War, enlisting with Vaughan's Co. of the Seventh NC Regiment. He served with the North Carolina forces at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, in 1777. He was promoted to corporal in January 1778, and died in February 24, 1778, during the terrible winter at Valley Forge. After the war Capt. William Rasco claimed the military pay due his deceased brother Teagle, swearing he was Teagle's only brother (his likely brother Isme having died by 1778) and one of Teagle's lawful heirs.
8. COL. DAVID ROSCOE of CALIFORNIA (1874 TN - 1971 OH), served as a highly decorated American officer in the American Expeditionary Force in World War I, and was decorated by the British in 1920. He married Sidney Caroline Campbell (1873-1957) from New Jersey, and they had three sons and a daughter. He was buried at the Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery in California. Col. Roscoe was a great-grandson of ALEXANDER RASCOE (1768 Hertford Co. NC - 1855 Davidson Co. TN). Alex, a Tennessee real estate investor and Methodist lay preacher, is believed to have been the son of Isme Rascoe, the likely brother of Capt. William Rasco and Cpl. Teagle Rasco of the Rascoe Northampton-Bertie line. A test is needed on Alex's line to confirm his relationship with Capt. William Rasco.
For more information on Roscoe and related surname notables and patriarchs, family lines, origins, haplogroups, ancestor locations, populations, etc., please see the Roscoe / Rasco Family History Y-DNA Study Website at www.familytreedna.com/public/Rasco-Roscoe/index.aspx/
and the Roscoe Family History Forum (join free) at http://roscoe.org.uk/forum/index.phphttp://roscoe.org.uk/forum/index.php