1. Seeking roots of Benjamin HART (d. 6 May 1771 in St. Mark's Parish, Craven County, SC, and his daughter Mildred HART (b. 1746 & d. ????). Other SC children of Benjamin HART & Anne JERNIGAN were Derrell HART, James T. HART, and Benjamin HART. James T. HART later lived in Edgefield District, SC.
2. My 4xGreat Grandfather, Richardson Rountree (b. 1736, St. James Notham Parish, Goochland Co. VA) moved south from VA into NC and SC. During the Am. Revolution he enlisted as a Private in SC & served in Brandon's Regiment; eventually he was commissioned as a Captain in the SC Militia. In 1790 Richardson Rountree was living in Union County, SC; and other of his Rountree relatives were living, variously, in Spartanburg, Orangeburg, and Edgefield County. [Another bit of evidence for a later birth date for Richardson, cited in 1936 by my cousin Mary Head Burton from a "List of Revolutionary Soldiers of Va, in the State Library, in Richmond" stated that "Richardson Rountree was born in NC in 1751 and entered the Revolution from Edgefield District, SC, where he died in 1818." It occurs to me that there may possibly have been two Richardson Rountrees (father and son); for a Richardson married Matilda Anderson in VA, and either this was Richardson's father or else it was the first marriage of the son. But this is another story and need not concern us here.] In any event Richardson Rountree later met and married a woman namd Mildred Hart, possibly (Mary) Mildred Hart, in SC, perhaps in 1774 or 1775. This couple subsequently spent a good portion of their lives in Edgefield District, SC, where Captain Richardson Rountree died ca. April of 1819 (his Will was probated on 20 April 1819). DAR #572,084 (DAR Application of Mrs. Charlotte Josephine Moseley, a descendant of Richardson's & Mildred's daughter Sara Clare Rountree) says that Mildred Hart was born in 1746 in Union District SC and died in Edgefield District SC in January 1810. This application also noted that Mildred and Richardson were married in Union District, SC, in 1775 (although the application seems to have been corrected by DAR processors to show a corrected marriage date of 1765. These dates and places are not necessarily authoritative but will reflect family tradition and my offer useful clues.
3. Many researchers have suggested, incorrectly I have come to believe, that the Mary Mildred Hart who married Richardson Rountree was a daughter of Deborah Scudder & the celebrated John Hart of Hopewell NJ who signed the Declaration of Independence. The (late?) Helen Graves Robinson of Clearwater FL (DAR #149,509, also a Richardson Rountree & Mildred Hart descendant), and the former Regent of a Tampa FL DAR Chapter (named for Richardson Rountree), corresponded with my late mother about this question, over many months back in the 1950s, and conducted research, and eventually came to conclude that Mildred Hart was NOT a daughter of John Hart & Deborah Scudder of Hopewell NJ. A number of other researchers subsequently have pointed out the error of this (NJ) attestation but have not offered any more helpful suggestions as to where else Mildred Hart may have come from. I do not know how to correct the misinformation (about Mildred Hart being a daughter of John Hart & Deborah Scudder of Hopewell NJ) that is out on the internet; however, I am much more interested in trying to discover the true provenance of the Mildred HART who married Richardson Rountree.
4. Richardson Rountree is not known to have served in New Jersey. All of the evidence suggests that his military service was in the Carolinas and that during the war he met and married, perhaps in Union District, SC, a Mildred Hart. After the war he lived out the remainder of his life in Edgefield District, SC. We do not yet know when my 4xGreat Grandmother, Mildred Hart died (perhaps 1810), nor where she may lie buried (perhaps Edgefield, SC). However the ten children (Mildred Mariah; Martha; Mollie; Sara Clare; Isabella; Mildred; Thomas Hart; William, James, and Daniel were born between 1775 and 1793. I have thought that the name Thomas Hart Rountree might offer us a clue. Although these ten children appear pretty well documented, my cousin Mary Head Burton noted (ca. 1936) that there were eighteen children of Richardson Rountree. I cannot identify the other eight children. Apparently, there is a notation in Volume One, p. 377 of "Memoirs of Georgia" (Southern Historical Assn., 1895) that Capt. Richardson Rountree, Revolutionary Soldier, had 18 children. These may have been by two different wives, of whom Matilda Anderson would have been the first and Mildred Hart the 2nd. DAR Numbers for Richardson Rountree include #154,376; #159,691; #149,509 & #159,234. DAR numbers for several of these children include #157,043 for Isabel; #157,234 for Martha; #158,956 for Mildred; #101,692 for Sara Clare; and #105,874 for Mollie. Isabelle Rountree m. Wm. Stevens and some of their descendants live in Tuskeegee AL; Daniel Rountree m. Fannie Nelson of Edgefield SC; Mariah Rountree m. Asa Cox; James Rountree m. (?) of York District SC; Martha Rountree m. Carey Cox; Mildred Rountree m. a Mr. Goldsmith; Wm Rountree went to Tennessee; Thomas Rountree m. a Miss Nesbit and later settled in Huntsville, AL; Sara Clare m. James Jefferson Smith; Mollie m. Elijah Welburn. Other daughters (names unknown to me) appear to have married Wylie Barry of SC and Samuel Stolnaker of SC.; and possibly another Rountree.
5. On 12 August 1936 Mary Head Burton of Valdosta, GA (a cousin of mine and also a fellow descendant of both Richardson Rountree & Carey Cox Sr) visited VA and SC, where she conducted genealogy research and transcribed the Will of Richardson Rountree. Mildred Hart is not mentioned in Richardson's Will and she may have died before him (DAR #572,084 says Mildred died in January of 1810). The two sons, Daniel Rountree and Thomas Hart Rountree, were to administer the will. The inventory indicated that Richardson Rountree was a farmer and a merchant. Two daughters of Mildred Hart & Richardson Rountree (Martha Rountree & Mildred Mariah Rountree) married two of the sons (Asa Cox & Carey Cox Jr) of Carey Cox Sr. & his wife Mary Horne (who apparently also lived in Edgefield District, SC) and in Richardson's Will, these two sons-in-law (Asa & Carey Jr) are mentioned as legatees. After all debts were paid, Richardson Rountree's Estate still had $9,523.97, wich was a reasonably comfortable sum in 1819, for a man who had raised a large family and who must have endowed each of his daughters and sons at the time of their marriages. Mary Head Burton wrote, after her 1936 visit to Edgefield SC, that "If I had spent more time in Edgefield, I think, perhaps, I might have found some 'clue' to the ancestry of Mildred Hart. The names Hart, James, Thomas frequently occur in the index of County deed books, but the Clerks' office was small, poorly lighted and insufferably hot -- with the clicking of three or four typewriters -- when their tongues were not going. Altogether a very unpleasant place to work."
6. Mary Head Burton noted, further, that the original Richardson Rountree estate administration papers are in Box 13, Page 21 in the Ordinary's Office of the Edgefield SC Court House, and that they include a petition, dated 26 April 1819 and signed by James Rountree and Daniel Rountree, asking that the Estate be sold and distributed as quickly as possible to avoid interest payments and on account of the perishability of the crops, etc. This seems to have been granted. Although Thomas Hart Rountree & Daniel Rountree were appointed as Administrators on 20 April 1819, the 26 April 1819 Petition is signed by James and Daniel rather than Thomas Hart & Daniel. An estate sale duly was conducted on 18 and 19 May 1819 and a just and true accounting was filed with the Ordinary on 24 May 1819 by Estate Administrators Daniel and James Rountree. [It occurs to me that, after the death of his father, perhaps Thomas Hart Rountree may have been unavailable and may have prevailed upon his brother James to stand in his stead and to carry out these administrative duties along with their brother Daniel. William apparently earlier had gone on to Tennessee.]
7. Mary Head Burton (quoting from the 1935 edition of a genealogical reference work Americana, pp 134-135, which in turn cites an unknown volume by Tyler, Volume III, p. 169) transcribed the following: "Thomas Hart, ancestor of the family in America, was a merchant in London. In 1638 he emigrated to Virginia and settled in New Kent County [See Early Virginia Immigrant, p. 151]. His son, Thomas, II, m. Susannah Rice. He was born in New Kent County, Virginia in 1679, died in Hanover County, 1755; his son, Benjamin born 1730 d. in Brunswick Co., Ga., 1799, after the death of his father, Thomas Hart, Jr., moved to Orange Co., North Carolina, and in 1760 was appointed County Commissioner. He lived for a while at Edgefield, S.C.; he married the famous Nancy Morgan (Hart)." Mary Head Burton then quoted from the "American Compendium," Vol. VI, p. 634: Thomas Hart, from London, England, settled in Hanover County., Va. ca. 1690 - Merchant. Thomas Hart, Jr. (1678-1755) Hanover Co., Va., married Susannah Rice, who, after her husband's death, removed with her children to Orange Co., North Carolina, ca. 1760. Son Benjamin (1730-1798) to now Elbert County, Georgia, thence to Kentucky; Lt. Am. Rev.; he married Nancy Morgan, who became the famous "Nancy Hart," believed to have been the daughter of Brig. Gen. Dan. Morgan, Am. Rev. After having copied out these references, my cousin, Mary Head Burton, typed out the following: "Richardson Roundtree married Mildred Hart, probably the grand-daughter of Thomas Hart, Jr, and Susannah Hart." Her analysis may or may not be accurate, but her initials, M.H.B. clearly annotate the conclusion as being her own.
8. Recently I went to the DAR Library at Constitution Hall (1776 D Street, NW; Washington, DC) and xeroxed a copy of an out of print and hard to find monograph (82 pp) by Mrs. Sarah S. Young, "Genealogical Narrative of he Hart Family in the United States," printed for private distribution, Memphis, TN: S.C. Toof & Co., Steam Printers, Lithographers & Blank Book Manufacturers, 1882. Mrs. Young notes that the elder Thomas Hart was a merchant who emigrated from London in 1690 and settled in Hanover County, VA, where he died, leaving a son, the younger Thomas Hart, whowas about eleven years of age when his father arived in VA in 1690. The younger Thomas Hart married Susannah Rice, of Hanover, the aunt of the Rev. Daniel Rice, of the Presbyterian Churcxh, ho settled in KY in 1781. Thomas Hart, Jr., died in Hanover County circa 1755, leaving six children: Thomas, John, Benjamin, David, Nathaniel, and Ann, all of whom, with their mother migrated to Orange County, NC, circa 1760. Mrs. Young says absolutely nothing about any possible siblings of the younger Thomas Hart, Jr., and perhaps there were none.
9. According to Mrs. Young: Thomas Hart 3d (first son of Thomas Hart Jr & Susannah Rice) was a Colonel during the Revolution & served in he NC Provincial Congress in 1774. Thomas Hart 3d m. Susannah Grey of NC and resided with her at his County Seat of Hartford, NC, until 1780 when he moved to Hagerstown in Washington County, Maryland. From MD he moved to Lexington, KY, in 1794 and remained there until his death on 23 June 1808; his wife surviving him until 1832. Thomas Hart 3rd was a member of the Transylvania Company, to which the NC Legislature donated 200,000 acres of land in what is today Henderson County, KY, as a compensation for services provided by members of the Transylvania Company in "opening the wilderness and paving the way for civilization in that state." Children of Colonel Thomas Hart 3rd & Susannah Grey included Thomas Hart 4th, Nathaniel G. Hart, John Hart, Eliza Hart, Susannah Hart, Nancy Hart, & Lucretia Hart.
10. According to Mrs. Young: John Hart, 2nd son of Thomas Hart & Susanna Rice m. (unknown) and died, leaving an only daughter, Susanna Hart, who married Colonel John Luttrell, killed in the Am. Rev. After Col. Luttrell's death Susana m. Dr. Umpstead (no children).
11. According to Mrs. Young: Benjamin Hart, 3rd Son of Thomas Hart and Susannah Rice, went to NC with his mother and there m. Nancy Morgan, daughter of AmRev BG Daniel Morgan. Their children included: Morgan Hart, John Hart, Thomas Hart, Samuel Hart, Mark Hart.
12. According to Mrs. Young: David Hart, 4th Son of Thomas Hart & Susannah Rice, was -- with his brothers Thomas Hart 3rd & Nathaniel Hart -- a member of the Transylvania Company, and accompanied his brother Nahaniel Hart on a perilous journey to KY, but returned to NC, where he married Susanna Nunn and spent he remainder of their life. Children include: Thomas Hart, Joseph Hart, Archibald Hart, John Hart, David Hart, William Hart, Rebecca Hart, Susan Hart, Mary Hart, Elizabeth Hart.
13. According to Mrs. Young: Nathaniel Hart, 5th Son of Thomas Hart & Susannah Rice, was born in 1734 and went to NC with his mother. In 1760 he m. Sarah Simpson (dau. of Colonel Richard Simpson & Miss Kinchelo of Alexandria, VA), and lived at his county seat, the "Red House" in Caswell County, NC until he moved to KY in 1779. In 1760 Captain (Nathniel) Hart commanded a (Militia?) company for the suppression of an insurrection which threatened to overthrow the (colonial) government and received praise for his bravery in action. In 1785 (handwritten correction of typo to 1775)
Nathaniel Hart was instrumental in forming, with his two brothers--Thomas Hart 3rd and David Hart--the Transylvania Company, for the purpose of purchasing "Transylvania" from the Indians, which purchase was secured to them by an Act of the General Assembly of VA in 1778." Captain Nathaniel Hart continued to live near Boonesboro, KY, where his family had been protected from the Indians, until 1782, when he was killed by them, while riding near the Fort at Boonesboro. Children include: Nathaniel Hart, John Hart, Simpson Hart, Cumberland Hart, Richard Green Hart, Kezia Hart, Susanna Hart, Mary Ann Hart, Chinoe Hart [n.b. Chinoe was the Indian name for Kentucky].
14. According to Mrs. Young: Ann Hart, only daughter of Thomas Hart & Susannah Rice, married Jame Gooch. Their children include: Anne Gooch & James Gooch. I could go on, into the 2nd generation of descebndants of Thomas Hart Jr., as laid out by Mrs. Young, but this would take forever to type and may not be relevant.
15. Recently a fellow Hart Family Researcher, Christine Walters, in response to one of my posted internet notes searching for the antecedents of the Mildred Hart who m. Capt. Richardson Rountree, wrote to advise me that among her ancestors was one Benjamin Hart (m. Anne Jernigan). This Benjamin Hart died on 6 May 1771 in St. Mark's Parish, Craven County, SC. Children of Benjamin Hart & Anne Jernigan included James T. (Thomas?) Hart, Millie (Mildred?) Hart, and Derrell Hart. Chris Walters further noted that her ancestor, James T. Hart, ca. 1750-1830, brother of Millie, had moved to, lived in, and died in Edgefield SC. I was truly heartened by her revelation and believe that this Millie or Mildred Hart is the only likely candidate I yet have seen for the 2nd wife of Captain Richardson Rountree. The idea that Richardson Rountree m. a Mary Mildred Hart--daughter of John Hart of Hopewell NJ--doesn't make any sense. John Hart's NJ daughter Mary died young; a NJ granddaughter Mary Hart lived longer but didn't travel in Richardson Rountree's circles, and there is no evidence that Capt. Richardson Rountree ever served in New Jersey. However, the footprints of the 1690 London Merchant Thomas Hart Family, from VA down into NC, SC, GA, TN, and KY, offer to my mind a far better fit. And Millie Hart's family was from SC and her brother James T. Hart actually lived in Edgefield, where Richardson Rountree apparently lived with Mildred until her death in 1810 and his death in 1819. The naming patterns of Richardson Rountree's and Mildred Hart's children are consonant with this southern Hart Family and include the prominent name of Thomas Hart Rountree. The fit seems good in terms of geography, chronological time, and family names. However, I am not yet able to tie the apparently well documented death date (6 May 1771) and place (St. Mark's Parish, Craven Co., SC) of "Millie's" father Benjamin Hart to the long list of names in Mrs. Sarah Young's 1882 monograph. My heart leaped when I read that there was a Benjamin Hart among the children (3rd Son) of Thomas Hart Jr. and Susanna Rice. However, this Benjamin m. the famous Nancy Morgan and cannot have m. Anne Jernigan nor lived and died in Craven County. So I am still looking for another Benjamin in this neighborhood of Harts, but do not yet know how or where to tie in the Benjamin Hart who was the father of James T. Hart--and of Millie or Mildred--to Mrs. Young's apparently well documented family. Unfortunately, Mrs. Young--except in a very small number of instances--did not include dates and place names in her recitation of family data-- perhaps out of a sense of privacy or modesty or the need to secure privileged information. This defect makes her work much less useful to the average researcher and difficult to correlate and corroborate.
16. I must thank those of you who, like Chris Walters, have pointed me in the direction of a SC Mildred Hart who is a far better candidate for Mrs. Richardson Rountree (than any daughter of Deborah Scudder & Thomas Hart of Hopewell, NJ). But I also am compelled to ask your help in linking Mildred's father, Benjamin Hart, to the family of Thomas Hart, the London Merchant, who came over to VA in 1690. Do you suppose that Thomas Hart Jr. had any siblings (unknown to Mrs. Sarah Young) who may have also gone down into NC and SC with all the other Harts? Mrs. Young does not seem to know about any other children (than Thomas Hart Jr.) of the original Thomas Hart Sr who came to VA in 1690. Do you know of such siblings? If any brothers came to America with Thomas Hart Jr (born ca 1679 and 11 years old when he arrived with his father in VA), they might have been born within a few years of 1680 and thus might have come of age, married, and engendered children ca 1700-20. Such theoretical & putative siblings to the very real Thomas Hart Jr, might, conceiveably have been candidates for the father of Benjamin Hart who died in St. Mark's Parish in Craven County, SC, in 1771. These are manifestly pipe dreams but this is the best I can do. Am I missing something here? Are there more obvious solutions? I believe these SC Harts all have to be from the same family, but cannot prove it, and could really use your help here. Any ideas or suggestions? With best wishes and
Many thanks from your probable cousin,
George H. (Hill) Stevens
705 Gleneagles Drive
Fort Washington, MD 20744-7012