To complete the provenance of Traquair House up to the present, please find below a description of Traquair's historical ownerships and a genealogy which connects the Stuarts and Maxwell-Stuarts of Traquair. Note again, that there has never been a "Lord Rutherford" of Traquair. The Rutherfords are connected to Traquair only through those marriages previously mentioned.
"The lands of Traquair were gifted by Robert Bruce to Sir James Douglas, and, after passing through the hands of a branch of the Murray family, then to Douglas of Cluny, and afterwards to the Boyds, they were resumed by the crown in 1469. For 10 years the property of Dr William Rogers (upon whom James I. had conferred them, much to the disgust of his nobles), it was sold by him in 1478, for a most insignificant sum, to James Stuart, Earl of Buchan, who bestowed it on his natural son James Stuart, the first of the illustrious family of Stuarts of Traquair. He acquired by marriage the baronies of Rutherford and Wells, and fell in Flodden (1513), leaving a son William. In 1628 Sir John Stuart was raised to the peerage, under the title of Lord Stuart of Traquair, and in 1633 was further honoured with the dignity of Earl of Traquair, Lord Linton and Caberston. At one time Lord High Treasurer of Scotland, and Lord High Commissioner of the General Assembly of the Church, he sank, towards the close of his life, to a state of destitution. In the former capacity he played a very prominent part in carrying out the commands of Charles I. regarding the introduction of the liturgy into Scotland, and in the latter presided over the Assembly of 12 August 1639, which ratified the Scottish Covenant. As comissioner, he opened parliament after the assembly, but owing to the incompatibility of its demands with the royal orders, he was obliged to prorogue it. Soon after he was impeached by Parliament as a grand incendiary, and only escaped capital punishment through the efforts of the king. His treasurership was taken from him, and he received a pardon on condition that he did not approach the royal person. His breaking through this condition led to further penalties and his banishment to Scotland. Restored to parliament in 1647, again through the King's intercession, he, in 1648, was taken prisoner at the battle of Preston, fighting for the royal cause. He was confined in Warwick Castle for four years, and his estate, considerably drawn upon, was meantime sequestrated. He died in 1659, after living some years in great obscurity and abject poverty. A man of great intellectual vigour, he contributed to his own fall through his rashness and inconsistency. By his countess, Catherine Carnegie, he had four daughters and one son, John Lord Linton (b. 1622), who succeeded as second Earl of Traquair, and died 1666, leaving his young family in charge of his second wife, Lady Ann Seton, who, being a stanch Catholic, educated William, third Earl, in that faith. He was succeeded by his brother Charles, fourth Earl (1659-1741), who was succeeded by his sons Charles (fifth) and John (sixth). Then follow in direct descent Charles, seventh Earl, and Charles, eighth Earl.
The latter (b. 1781) died unmarried in 1861, the title thus becoming dormant. The last of the line, the venerable Lady Louisa Stuart of Traquair (b. 1776), sister of the eighth earl, died 8 Dec. 1875 in her hundredth year. -The estates passed by will to her kinsman, the present proprietor, the Hon. Henry Maxwell, of the ancient family of the Maxwells Earls of Nithsdale, who assumed the name of Stuart on his accession to the property. He owns 10,778 acres in the shire, valued at £4846. Traquair is in the presbytery of Peebles and the synod of Lothian and Tweeddale; the living is worth £461. The parish church, near the right bank of Quair Water, 2¾ miles. S by W of Innerleithen, was built in 1778, and, as altered in 1821, contains 350 sittings. Attached to. the N wall is the burial aisle of the Traquair family. Traquair public and the Glen school, with respective accommodation for 104 and 37 children, had (1884) an average attendance of 75 and 25, and grants of £41, 7s. 1d. and £32, 4s. 6d. Valuation (1860) £6071, (1885) £7526, plus £2237 for railway. Pop. (1801) 613, (1831) 643, (1861) 687, (1871) 669, (1881) 754.—Ord. Sur., sh. 24, 1864."
"Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland: A Survey of Scottish Topography, Statistical, Biographical and Historical"
edited by Francis H. Groome and originally published by Thomas C. Jack
Grange Publishing Works
Edinburgh between 1882 and 1885.
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Lady Louisa Stuart passed Traquair House on to the Maxwell-Stuarts by will in 1875. Sir Walter Scott was a neighbor and close friend of Lady Louisa and is said to have found inspiration at Traquiar for at least two of his novels, Waverly and St. Ronan’s Well. Bonny Prince Charlie and Lady Louisa are both said to haunt Traquair.
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Henry Maxwell-Stuart who inherited Traquair in 1875 from Lady Louisa Stuart:
b. 28 December 1809
d. 26 October 1890
Henry Constable-Maxwell was the son of Marmaduke William Constable and Theresa Apollonia Wakeman. He married Juliana Middleton, daughter of Peter Middleton and Hon. Juliana Mary Stourton, on 23 July 1840.
i. Laura Constable-Maxwell-Stuart d. 14 Dec 1864
ii. Agnes Constable-Maxwell-Stuart d. 14 Feb 1929
iii. Juliana Mary Constable-Maxwell-Stuart d. 18 Nov 1926
iv. Louisa May Josephine Constable-Maxwell-Stuart d. 10 May 1873
v. Blanche Constable-Maxwell d. 17 Aug 1937
vi. Herbert Joseph Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 20 Jul 1842, d. 13 Apr 1921
vii. Arthur Joseph Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 31 May 1845, d. 7 Nov 1942
viii. Charles Stanislaus Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 12 Feb 1851, d. 3 Feb 1911
ix. Edmund Joseph Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 2 Sep 1858, d. 21 Jul 1924
x. Henry Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 18 Aug 1861, d. 31 May 1932
xi. Philip Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 17 Jul 1864, d. 27 May 1872
xii. George Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 11 May 1866, d. 1945
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Edmund Joseph Constable-Maxwell-Stuart
b. 2 September 1858
d. 21 July 1924
married Mary Anne Constable-Maxwell, daughter of William Constable-Maxwell, 10th Baron Herries and Marcia Mary Vavasour, on 16 July 1884.
i. Mary Josephine Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 6 Jul 1885
ii. Francis Joseph Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 17 Jun 1886, d. 11 Jul 1962
iii. Florence Mary Collette Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 17 Jun 1886
iv. Lieutenant Henry Joseph Ignatius Constable-Maxwell-Stuartb. 21 Jul 1887, d. 1917
v. Marcia Mary Gertrude Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 10 Oct 1888, d. 9 Jul 1956
vi. Emily Mary Josephine Constable-Maxwell-Stuartb. 5 May 1890
vii. Lieutenant Edmund Joseph Constable-Maxwell-Stuartb. 3 Oct 1892, d. 26 Apr 1916
viii. Lieutenant William Joseph Peter Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 22 Jul 1895
ix. Lieutenant Joseph Joachim Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 22 Aug 1896, d. 2 Mar 1916
x. Lieutenant Alfred Joseph Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 27 Mar 1898, d. 20 Aug 1918
xi. Philip Joseph Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 8 Mar 1903
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Francis Joseph Constable-Maxwell-Stuart
b. 17 June 1886
d. 11 July 1962
married Dorothy Mary Hartley, daughter of J. D'Arcy Hartley, on 14 October 1917
i. Madeleine Mary Josephine Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 21 Aug 1918
ii. Joan Margaret Mary Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 2 May 1920
iii. Captain Peter D'Arcyy Joseph Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 16 Nov 1922
iv. Michael Joseph Edmund Constable-Maxwell-Stuart b. 17 Apr 1932
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Peter D’Arcy Joseph Constable-Maxwell-Stuart
feudal Baron of Traquair, recognized by Lord Lyon King of Arms and matriculated arms on 1/21/1983
b. 16 November 1922
married Flora Mary Carr-Saunders, daughter of Sir Alexander Morris Carr-Saunders and Teresa Molyneux-Seel, on 1 September 1956.
i. Lady Catherine Maxwell-Stuart is the 21st Lady of Traquair.
BURKE'S LANDED GENTRY OF GREAT BRITAIN
19th edition is for SCOTLAND
Edited by Peter Beauclerk
Burke's Peerage and Gentry LLC, 2001