This article was helpful in researching Rev. War records but I still have a lot to learn related to understanding the genealogy implications.
Notes from article “The Pennsylvania Militia in 1777” by Roach from The Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine.
The 1777 Militia Act – State’s Draft Law
All males 18 – 53 capable of bearing arms were to serve for two months on active duty.
Each county in PA had 8 battalion districts including between 440 and 680 men fit for duty, names from the tax rolls
Battalion generally included several adjacent townships, usually the place of residence determined soldiers battalion.
Each company 80 – 100 men; usually all the men in one company from the same neighborhood.
Field officers elected by men.Colonel’s drew for individual rank; also assigned to their battalion 1st, 2nd, etc. by drawing.Drew in 1777 and again 1780 changing numbers assigned to battalions.
Each battalion officer commanded 8 companies.Companies broken down into 8 classes.Men drew lots for the classes in which they served.
Rolls of all the men of draft age fit for duty were usually called “General Returns of the Battalion” – a permanent roll (which might have a notation after a name).
Several classes called up, a separate roll for each company of men who actually served.
When one class was called up in a particular county, all the men in that class in each of the 8 companies were called up and the active duty roll usually called “Return of the ____ Class Battalion of that County”.Men listed by company Captain instead of classes.