Leonard Thomas Senior what happened:
Leonard Spicknall – Leonard Thomas
Leonard Thomas Sr. ran away with Eleazer Birckhead wealth and left all of his children to figure it out for themselves.Plus his own 3 year old son Leonard Thomas soon to be Spicknall.He was the Church Warden of St James Parish near Herring Creek for several years.Later in life he can be found moved to Pennsylvania and married, starting another family, but he never came back for Leonard.Leonard Thomas Spicknall was brought up with religion from the Naylors side.He must have hoped to see his first father sometime, because he used the name Leonard, and Leonard Thomas in naming ways into the future.This is why we really don’t find anything using the Leonard Spicknall name until he is much older, and around John Spicknall death.But if you look for Leonard Thomas, you find a lot to sort through.Also in those times the pronouncement of a sir name was a real responsibility, honor, and didn’t always happen.Leonardtraveled only with his families and his youngest brother Basil Spicknall.He then settled in Dearborn, Indiana and died there in 1834.
Below is a story and details of the troubles of this family, and everyone else Leonard Thomas Sr. came in touch with.
Mary Dove, born say 1710, was a "Negro woman" slave listed in the Anne Arundel County, Maryland, inventory of the estate of Eleazer Birkhead on 28 April 1744 [Prerogative Court (inventories) 1744-5, 43]. Birkhead's widow married Leonard Thomas, and Mary Dove sued him in Anne Arundel County court for her freedom in June 1746 [Judgment Record 1746-8, 118]. The outcome of the suit is not recorded, apparently because Thomas took her with him when he moved to Craven County, North Carolina. In September 1749 the Dove family was living in Craven County when William Smith complained to the court on their behalf that Leonard Thomas was detaining them as slaves:
Moll, Nell, Sue, Sall, & Will, Negroes Detained as Slaves by Leonard Thomas That they are free born Persons in the Province of Maryland and brought to this Province by the said Leonard Thomas
William Smith traveled to Maryland to prove their claim, and they were free by November 1756 when James Dove, a "Negro Servant," complained to the Craven County court that Smith was mistreating him, Nelly, Sue, Sarah, Moll, and William Dove [Haun, Craven County Court Minutes, IV:11-12, 366].
A grandson of Mary Dove named William Dowry was still held in slavery in Anne Arundel County in 1791 when he sued for his freedom in the General Court of Maryland. In October 1791 a fifty-seven or fifty-eight-year-old woman named Ann Ridgely (born about 1734), who was the daughter-in-law of Leonard Thomas, testified in Anne Arundel County that Mary Dove was a tall, spare woman of brown complexion and was the granddaughter of a woman imported into the country by the deponent's great grandfather. The deponent always understood that the grandmother of Mary Dove was a "Yellow Woman," had long black hair, was reputed to be an East Indian or a Madagascarian, and was called "Malaga Moll." Ridgely testified that Mary Dove had a daughter named Fanny who was the mother of William Dowry who petitioned for his freedom in the General Court of Maryland in 1791. She also testified that Mary Dove sued Leonard Thomas for freedom in Maryland, but before the suit was decided he moved about twenty miles from Newbern, North Carolina, and took with him Mary, her three children, and her grandchildren Will and Sal. A certain Alexander Sands, commonly called Indian Sawony, was a witness for Mary Dove in her suit in Craven County, North Carolina, in 1749 and testified that her grandmother was an East Indian woman [Craven County Miscellaneous Records, C.R. 28.928.10, cited by Byrd, In Full Force and Virtue, 37-8].