>>His father John P. Tarter born 3-3-1856 Pulaski Co.
The county birth records do show a John P. Tarter born on this date to Squire T. Tarter and his 2nd wife, Polly Schoolcraft.However the child is not listed in the 1860 census HH.This could mean he was just missed, or alternatively that he died before 1860.What it certainly means is that you're going to need some sort of additional verification.
>married Matilda Jane Calhoun, born 1860.
After 1860, Squire & family vanish from Pulaski Co.I don't know where they moved - this branch is a little off plumb of my research.However, I do know that no marriage between a John P. Tarter and anyone named Calhoun is listed in the Pulaski Co. records for the date range you're seeking, so the marriage must be in another county, or possibly state.
>>Squire T's father I think was Christian Logan Tarter of Wythe Co., Va or California, born around 1788 & married to Betsy Trimble of Greenbrier Co.,Va.
I'm not certain how California crept in here. Between the fact that it didn't exist as a state and the limitations of transcontinental transportation at the time, I think you can exclude it from consideration.
Christian Logan Tarter indicates in the 1850 census that both he and wife Betsy were born in Virginia.Betsy was the daughter of William Trimble and Mary Flemming and is identified in her mother's application for pension based on William Trimble's Revolutionary War service.
>Christian's father is John Tarter born around 1762 in Pa. and married to Catherine?,Nancy Logan or Elizabeth Mohr.
John Tarter ca 1760/1770 - 1840/41 is identified in Alma Owens Tibbals' "A History of Pulaski Co., KY" as having been born in Wythe Co., VA, but in the 1880 census, son Jesse says his father was born in PA.There is a large tribe of Tarters in Wythe Co. and it seems likely that the family passed through Pennsylvania on their way to KY, but that's speculation on my part.Tibbals also says John Tarter was in Pulaski Co. by 1788, but this is not supported by census and tax records.He may have been in Kentucky by that date, but not Pulaski Co.
John Tarter's wife Nancy is mentioned by 1st name only in a Dec 1811 deed.The name Logan is not supported by documentary evidence - it is traditional, and is supported *only* by Christian Logan Tarter's middle name.However, it is not at all clear that Nancy was John's first wife, though Christian appears to be John's eldest son.
Prior to John, my research is not strong enough to support or refute claims of parentage.I basically accept the claim that Balzer was John's father.My one difficulty with this is that Balzer's 1800 will names all of his living children, but does not nameJohn, who would have been living at the time.