University of California, Davis Jack D. Forbes This column's focus: Native Intellegence
Shamanism, New and Old
A extracted excerpt
At least until recently, the word "shaman" was one of those terms which
would lead most indigenous people to figuratively "reach for their shields"
and assume a defensive posture. "Shaman" has been pretty much of a
dividing line word: those who use it are non-Native and/or
anthropological, or are ignorant of Native Americans' feelings. Indigenous
people refer to their own holy people and curers by other terms such as
doctor, medicine person, spiritual leader, elder, herbalist or
diagnostician, recognizing a wide variety of callings and skills.
Of course, before "shaman" became popular in the anthropological
literature, indigenous healers and religious persons were often referred to
as "witch doctors," "sorcerers" or other derogatory terms, words still used
reportedly in right-wing Christian missionary propaganda. But "shaman" is
not an innocent term either, because it rises out of a clear
misunderstanding of, and denigration of, non-European cultures.
According to Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary (1981 edition), the word
Excerpt of William Mcafee Bradly some way he secured a plain education and began the study of law, although the Sallees opposed it. The twin sisters of Oliver Perry hid his books, but he recovered them and kept them in the barn where he studied. The names of these sisters were Malinda and Lucinda Sallee. They were popularly know as the Sallee Gals -- never married and died at a ripe old ages. Here Robert began the practice of law before the magistrates courts. He married Ellen Totten, daughter of Joseph Totten, who lived near Gunn's chapel close to the mouth of Paint Lick Creek. Her father was a fine man and the ***[family known for its native intelligence.]*****Children of this union were William O'Connell; Mary who married S. H. Newell; Emily Frances, who died early; Almira Pierce, who married C. B. Bacheller; Margaret, who married Dr. W. F. Scott. Their son Ethelbert was one of the principals in the tragic affair between Colonel Colson and him in the Capitol Hotel as Frankfort during the Goebel contest for governor. Scott was killed by Colson and several others were killed in the crossfire between these two principals.
Joseh Hicks Totten was the brother in law of Parris Teator. he and his sister were born on the Nolichicky Tenn 1796 1798. By Ester HicksBenjamin Totten, Ester Hicks formerly the wife of Benjamin Totten remarried her daughter Rebecca Tottens husbands father George Teater after his wife Sarah Pearis passed away..
Rebecca Totten was a step duaghter and duaghter inlaw of George Teater. Joesph hicks Totten was a brother in law of Parris Teator and in a sence a step son of George Teater.
This family according to the History of Garrard County, PAGE 270 272.Biography of William Mcafee Bradlythe Tottens were known known for thier Native Intellegence. These Hicks and Tottens records can be traced hapahazardly to ancient Perquimans and nearby areas as far back as 1690. they were inno way from New York..as previously and incorrectly written by genealogists that Parris Teators wifes family being Rebecca Tottenwas from New York. As stated Benjamin Totten being a son of Ester Hikke a Dutch reformist and staing Benjamin was the son of Jonas is absolutly incorrect.Jonas swore a oath to the King of England and was a Notorious Tory. These tottens were rounded and deported after the revolution except ,a handfull that found refuge in the New Jersey sawmill. Benjamin Totten can be found on the middle fork of the holston bakers tract near to Samuel Gibson and the land were George Teater formerly lived there before going into Kentucky 1779 with only one son Samuel Teater. He was granted lands on the Nolichicky Tenn 1785 his brother John Totten was there as early as 1783. The Madison Co ky census shows both Joseh Hicks Totten and Rebecca Teater placeof birth as Tenn not New York.
Another strange factor is that that Joeph Hicks Totten family carried Portuguese names Juan Gonzalva Fatima ect. by 1700 the Ester Hicks Larry Gonzalva Jacob Tuton Dooton ect were all neighbors down in the the old Perquimans area. as well as the tetters tetertons