By this time we have the same FTM file, courtesy of cousin Lyn.
The missing link in this patrilineal line is now, as far as my research goes, Christopher (aka "Christ" or "Christoph") T., husband of Dorothea (aka "Annie"?) Menge, b.June 24, 1779, Schleisingen, Germany... parents of August, who was Charles Albert's father.
I have nothing other than the above on Christopher. The 1870 census data for Brown Co. has a bit of incomprehensible info on August's family (3 additional children possible: John, Albert & Otalye).The anchor on this one is going to have to be August's birth records (if any still exist in Kirchenbuch records in Prussia), listed as Budzion, Prussia.
I MAY VERY WELL HAVE BEEN WRONG in supposing Budzin to be Bautzen, Saxony: there are two towns called Budzin (note: no change in spelling unlike w/Bautzen) now in Poland, but formerly part of Prussia (at the time of August's birth).
You can find both of them on Mapquest.com - choose the southern one, near the town of Raciborz (Prussian: Ratibor) a few miles from the current Czech border.This is in the area traditionally known as Silesia, another area your father Theodore spoke of when questioned as to his ancestors' origins... since modern political divisions did not recognize the area specifically, it is understandable that he wouldn't be sure where exactly Silesia was.
Silesia is conveniently adjacent to traditional Lusatia, another clue to the matter.If anyone is headed in the direction of southwestern Poland, perhaps they can be persuaded to do some snooping around Lutheran church records for the period in Budzin, or wherever the records are now kept.