thank you alan for the new information re. thomas thew.would they have used transportation to australia as a punishment with only a 12 month sentence? my mother beatrice (nee thew)now aged 90 was a little alarmed to find out her grand mothers eldest brother was convicted in durham in 1854. the next brother to thomas b1832 was william b1836 and whoalso disappears off the uk census after 1861.i believe his wife was jane richardson and on the 1862census they had 2 children and lived in durham city. the third brother was john b1837 who as you know came out to australia in 1876. i wonder what happened to william?
on the 1851 census uk thomas and his brothers and sisters all lived in willington ,county durham on a long street called New Row,and my gt/gd mother was born in the next village brancepeth(isabella 1852).lots of coal mines in this area in the mid 19 century and now all gone. i plan to have a ride out to willington soon and see if New Row still exists.