Here is my summary of the past 3 years research into the family of Daniel Todd d 1737 and his connection with the Buncrana Castle Todds and genetically related families in Ireland and Scotland.For more detail, see:
Todds of Coleraine Co Londonderry and NW County Antrim
Richard McMurtryAugust 2012
Daniel Todd was a well-to-do merchant of Coleraine who died and was buried in St. Patrick’s church in Coleraine in 1737.He was part of the second tier of the Irish landed aristocracy.The first tier were people like the Earl of Antrim and the Marquis de Donegal who had received large land grants from the King of England.The second tier were the recipients of leases from the first tier.The second tier then leased out those lands to other tenants and collected the rents.Those leases were sometimes extended in time for the lifetime of one of the sons or grandsons of the original lessee or in some cases for “lives renewable forever”.
Daniel Todd’s land were in in Donegal, eastern and central Co Londonderry and in northwestern Antrim, specifically the parishes of Billy, Dunluce and Billywillan in NW Antrim (townlands of Priestland, Park, Crossreagh, Island More, Caranoby, Ballycraig, Kiltenny, Sligmage/Slimagh, Ballyverdagh).
We believe there are three branches of this family:
1. Daniel Todd 1653-1737 who married Susanna LNU and had three children that are well documented:Elizabeth Todd who married William Patterson,Isaac Todd, and Andrew Todd d1787 who married Elizabeth Kinkaid 1815-1850.
2. Samuel Todd1646-1730 with children James 1703-1731, John 1713-1726, Daniel 1717-1724 and possibly a son Samuel who was the father of Hoplas Todd 1765-1774.
3. And five men of the next generation who could be descendants of Samuel or another undocumented brother:
Moses Todd b 1710
Rachel md a Scoly or Scobee
Mary md a Cox
James Todd b abt 1710 md Martha LNU, lived Crossreagh, died prior to 1745
Daniel Todd b 1732 moved to London
William Henry Todd abt 1735, moved abroad (Leases in Ballynafeigh in Derrykeighan mentioned Daniel and William in 1744/1745)
The above 2 were named in leases related to property formerly held by Daniel Todd d 1737 and therefore are assumed to be kin.
The 3 below are possibly kin due to geographic proximity to the lands of Daniel Todd.Also Island More was one of the townlands owned by Daniel Todd.
Samuel Todd b abt 1710 d1770 md Elizabeth LNU of Ballytaylor (There was a John Todd in Ballytaylor in 1775; there was also a William Todd in Bushfoot in 1791)
William Toddb abt 1710, overseer of Island More in 1735 and surveyor 1748
Matthew Todd of Ballywillan, 1735 and 1755
Relationship to “Modern” Todd Families
There are a number of more “modern” Todd families, dating from the mid- to late-1700s that we believe, for various reasons, to be descended from or at least related to the above families.
1. John Todd b abt 1766 d 1851 of Park/Priestland area: 11-12 children including Andrew Todd 1811-1893, James b abt 1822, Hugh abt 1823-1903,Daniel 1824.This family assumed to be related to Moses Todd because this family and Moses’ family lived in the same townlands.Also a Daniel Todd married Grace who lived in Park.
2. Andrew Todd b 1740s d 1795 Sligo.Surgeon and apothecary, born in northern Ireland, educated in Dublin, came to Sligo about 1770.This family is considered to be kin to the Priestland Todds and hence the Coleraine Todds because the DNA of the Sligo family matches the DNA of the Priestland families.Also, there were letters from
3. Todds of Derrykeighan, Co Antrim:James Todd 1787-1877, aged 90 who died in Lisnabraugh and William Todd born about 1790 died after 1870 Kent Co MD.William was ancestor of the Todd who founded Todd Shipyards in America.This family lived in Derrykeighan just south of Priestland/Park area and their DNA matched the Priestland/Park Todds.Note that there were Henry family leases that mentioned Daniel Todd in 1736 in connection with a Ballymoney lease and a 1744 and 1745 lease for tenements outside of Ballymoney and land in Ballynafeigh (east of where the Derrykeighan Todds lived in the 1820s).
4. Todds of Ardstraw Parish, Co Tyrone:Robert Todd abt 1775 d 1841/1851 and Alexander Todd abt 1768 who lived in Ardstraw Parish in western Co Tyrone.This family shares the same DNA pattern with the above Todds.
5. Todds of County Down:There were two Todd families that settled in Co Down in the 1600s – one in Carricknaveagh in central Co Down and one in Aghaderg in western Co Down.They share the same DNA pattern as the above Todds.They may have been the ancestors of the above families or they may have shared a common ancestor in Scotland.
These Todds all have the same DNA pattern as a Todd family of Dreghorn Ayrshire.Hence, Ayrshire may have been their common origin.
It should also be mentioned that there were other Todd families in Co Donegal, to the north of Buncrana (Henry Todd) and in Buncrana itself.The latter family was a John Todd1765-1861 and his wife Lyida 1773-1847.Three of their children went to Philadelphia and then westward.
Despite considerable research into this family during 2010 and 2011, I never compiled all the data into a coherent narrative.I have attempted to go back and copy below the data sent to and received from Margaret Carey, Thelma Matthew and Nick Todd in emails in 2011 from which one could extract a more coherent narrative and discussion of the documentary evidence.However, this is very incomplete and unedited.
It would potentially be possible using the Autosomal DNA test (called the Family Finder DNA test by Family Tree DNA) to determine the relative degree of closeness of relationship between these various branches of the family if descendants in the 5th or 6th generation could be found.
I conclude this summary with a brief explanation of the assumptions by which the relationships between the various descendants of Daniel Todd d 1737 were determined.
This chart below shows the various people mentioned in Andrew Todd’s 1780 will (William St John Patterson, Andrew Todd, John Todd), and the connection between William Thornton Todd and his second cousin Wilhelmina Patterson, the Todd nieces and nephews of the fur trader Isaac Todd 1742-1819.
1. The non-inclusion of John Todd as a child of Daniel Todd d 1737.Note that I have not included John Todd and wife Elizabeth Patterson as the parents of Daniel Todd who married Letitia Thornton despite the assertion of this parentage in Burke’s Peerage book.I believe the reference in Burke’s made in 1866 long after the death of the Daniel Todd in 1783 reflects an error made by the informant.The will of Daniel Todd d 1737 mentions sons Andrew andIsaac, but no John.The eary leases of Andrew Todd d 1787 mention Daniel b abt 1735 and Isaac born about 1741 as sons of Isaac but make no mention of any sons of a John Todd.The will of Andrew Todd in 1780 mentions makes bequests to the eldest son of sister Elizabeth and the eldest son of his brother Isaac, but makes no mention of any children of a brother John.There are no documentary references to this John Todd in any of the deeds or wills of the 1700s or early 1800s.
2. The John Todd a lad of 14 or 15 at Workington School in Cumberland County England is the principal legatee of Andrew’s will but his relationship to Andrew or anyone else in the family is not identified.This contrasts to the other legatees in his will who are identified as “Andrew Todd, eldest son of Danl. Todd, now of Randalstown” and “William St. John Patterson, eldest son of Walter Patterson, Governer of the Island of St John’s in the Gulf of St Lawrence”.From this we speculate that John was not the son of Daniel Todd, but rather an illegitimate son of Andrew which would explain his precedence over the eldest son of the eldest son of his brother Isaac and the eldest son of the eldest son of his sister Elizabeth.
3. Wilhelmina Patterson is shown as the granddaughter of Elizabeth Todd and hence the second cousin of William Thornton Todd, the grandson of Isaac Todd Sr.
4. The will of Isaac Todd 1752-1819 refers to his nephews and nieces named Todd including Andrew Todd d 1796 and William Todd md 1799 and Sarah and Susanna Todd and a son of a niece named Daniel Merry.We assume these are all children of Daniel and Letitia Thornton Todd since we know that Andrew and William were sons of Daniel and Letitia Thornton Todd.
5. Daniel Todd died in Randalstown in 1783 (which was near Shane’s Castle, the seat of the Earl of Antrim).We assume that he was the Daniel Todd who married Letitia Thornton because the will of Andrew Todd in 1780 refers to Andrew Todd eldest son of Daniel Todd of Randalstown and that Andrew Todd’s 1796 will states that his parents were Daniel Todd and Letitia Thornton.We assume he was Daniel son of Isaac Todd Sr for the reasons mentioned above.
Daniel Todd b 1653 d 1737
Elizabeth Todd md William Patterson (two of her
Walter Pattersonb abt 1735 d 1798 London
(Governor of St John Island in Canada)
William St John Patterson
Daniel Pattersonb. Ireland md Jane Brooke
(Some report she was desc of Henry
Brooke and Elizabeth Vaughan – Elizabeth
having been the sister ofGeorge Vaughan
who built Buncrana Castle in 1718.)
Wilhelmina Patterson md 1799 William
Thornton Todd (her second cousin)
Isaac Todd b abt 1700-1710
Daniel Todd b 1735 d 1783 in Randalstown md
Andrew Todd 1754?-1796 of Randalstown
died New Orleans
William Todd md 1799 Wilhelmina
Patterson 1766-1843 (lived at
Daniel Merry (son of daughter of
James b 1738?
Isaac b 1740/1742-1819 (famous fur trader in
Quebec, bought Buncrana Castle in
1812, died in Bath England in 1819)
Eleanor Todd (illegitimate daughter) md
1823 (at Buncrana Castle) John
Andrew b 1720 d 1787 md Eliz Kinkead (she d 1750)
John Todd1766-1804 (possible illegitimate
child of Andrew) md 1789 Mary Dickey (she
md later Alexander Crawford 1755-1823
Andrew Todd b abt 1790 d 1812 Burgos, Spain