After the correspondence mentioned by Neil, I was contacted by researchers of the Talley family and the Tolley family to participate in DNA testing to see if there was a connection between the Talley's and Tolley's and Tuley's.Since the researcher from the Tolley group offered to pay for the test, I agreed to participate.
Because of the differences in pronunciation, which I think are more significant than the spelling differences, also because I expected to prove that there was no connection, I did not expect there to be a match.
But I was surprised at how different the results were.The genetic differences between any of the Tally's or Tolley's tested and me indicate a connection no earlier than the time of Noah and the Ark.
Just to prove that I was not an anomoly they funded the testing of a Tooley from the John Tuley/Sarah New line.He and I were an exact match, indicating our lines are related sometime since the late 1600's (about the time the Tuley's originally came to America).
To the point of this post: we fit into a DNA grouping [technical term: "Haplogroup"] that came from Scandinavia, which reinforces most of Neil's comments.Whether they camewhen the Roman's left, with William the Conqueror in 1066, or later as some family legends say in the late 1500's when Hugenauts left France probably can't be proved due to lack of record keeping at the time or the later destruction of the records.
(For those interested in Genetic Genealogy, I recommend http://www.familytreedna.comhttp://www.familytreedna.com and reading their FAQs for more detailed information.I am not an expert.)