To: Dutch-Colonies-L@rootsweb.com Subject: [D-Col] Re: Sources- a breakdown
Jeffery G Scism wrote: > > Primary sources: (First order) documents and records made AT THE TIME OF > OCCURRENCE, BY A WITNESS TO THAT OCCURRENCE. > These would be documents like a birth certificate signed by a physician, > a police report filed by a witness, a transcript of a court case when the > words are recorded as said. A deed signed by all parties involved. A > transfer of title, signed by all parties. > A notarized document. Many more of course. > > Secondary sources: (Second Order) A source removed from the original by > Time, third party, or retrospective records recorded at a later date, i.e. > affidavits of latent birth. Information reported by a third party, such > as Death Certificate data, transcripts of original documents, statements > by witnesses taken significantly after the fact. Of course many secondary > sources are not listed here. Secondary Sources should have citations of > original sources, locations of where the sources were found, and the data > presented should be easily reproducible, traceable, and verifiable. (you > do not have to agree with the results, but should be able to tell how > they were developed). > > Tertiary sources (Third order): Sources compiled from primary and > secondary sources, and often other tertiary sources. Compiled > genealogies, word of mouth tradition, rumors, family stories, published > genealogy works, when sources are not examined and verified, historical > records that refer to (then) historical events, and MANY more. Should > contain references to sources and citations- see above). > > Quaternary sources (Fourth Order): supposition, guesses , estimations, > lies.....undocumented "facts". almost anything from an Internet source. > Any unsourced statement presented as fact. Any work that sources are not > cited, or the results can not be reproduced readily based on available > resources and credibility.