Maria Josefa Jaramillo was the sister of MARIA IGNACIA JARAMILLO, who was an ancestor of my aunt's husband, which is the reason I've collected information on the JARAMILLO family.
Following are my notes on MARIA JOSEFA JARAMILLO, if they contain info that you may not yet have.
Maria Josefa Jaramillo, wife of Kit Carson: Her descendants, ancestors and Primos (revised edition 2003). Maria C. Martinez. et al.
Kit Carson book, p. 250, 575 Marriage date from this source is 1848
MARRIAGE: p. 70.NMGS Taos County Materials.6 Feb 1843, by Father Antonio Jose MARTINEZ. recorded 22 day Feb 1890
MARRIAGE: FRAY ANGELICO CHAVEZ, p. 411. Cristobal Carson, 32 years old and a native of Missouri, the son of Linsey Carson & Rebeca Roberson, was baptized at Taos, Jan 28, 1843, with Luis Lee & Maria Cruz Pdilla as Godparents. "In this region since the age of 14 -- acted as a hunter in the region to the North; baptized by Anabaptists, whose errors he abjured." (B-51, Taos.) On 2/6/1843,he married Maria Josefa Jaramillo, a native of Santa Cruz, with George Bente & Maria Cruz Padilla as sponsors.The same parents are given (mother's name spelled "RovErzon"), with Missouri as his place of origin. (M-40, Taos). Known children: Carlos Adolfo, May 6, 1850, his father absent at the time (B-53, Taos) and Julian, Oct. 6, 1852 (B-54, Taos).
Carson-Bent-Boggs Genealogy, p74. T.O. Boggs as Executor and administrator of the Estate, Christopher Carson, deceased, to Honorable Probate Judge, Pueblo County, CO. "Mrs. Carson has a right to lands on th Las Animas Grant which claim is in the hands of Bradford Chilcott and Macdonald, and is in process of prosecution."
DEATH & BURIAL:Carson-Bent-Boggs Genealogy, p. 67. "Both Carson & his wife were buried where they died and th bodies were later removed to the cemetery at Taos, NM where Carson had been Indian Agent. "
Maria Josefa Jaramillo: Wife of Kit Carson--Her Descendants, Ancestors and Primos. Maria C, Martinez, et. al., p. 3. ---MARRIAGE: PADRINOS --GEO. BENT AND MARIA PADILLA.
"JOSEPHA JARAMILLO, REPUTED TO HAVE BEEN VERY BEUTIFUL, POSSESSED AN EXCELLENT FAMILY BACKGROUND, BOTH HER FATHER'S FAMILY AND HER MOTHER'S BEING PROMINENT IN NM. ONE OF HER SISTERS WAS THE WIFE OF CHARLES BENT, THE AMERICAN TRADER. THE MARRIAGE OF KIT AND JOSEPHA UNITED THE BEST ELEMENTS OF YANKEE AND SPANISH BLOOD AND INFLUENCE IN THE SOUTHWEST.: SOURF=CE: KIT CARSON'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY, ED MILO MILTON QUAIFE.
GSHA JOURNAL NUESTRAS RAICES, VOL5, NO. 4, WINTER 1993 ISSUE, ARTICLE BY LEONA WOOD: --"My grandmother went to Boggsville, CO, now known as Ft. Lyon, to be with Kit Carson on his return trip from Ft. Laramie, WY. He returned ill, accompanied by Gen. Oakes and Gen. Schlerth. On the way they made camp at what is now Daniel's Park, south of Denver. It was here that my grandfather built his last campfire. The Territorial Duaghters of CO have placed a marker on this site. My grandfather loved my grandmother dearly, and had great admiration and devotion for her. He brought beautiful shawls and silks to her on his return from his expeditions. She was ill at Ft. Lyon when he arrived from WY. He was also ill in an adjoining room. My grandfather crawled on his hands and knees to be with her when she passed away. She died Apr 23, 1868, biring birth to her seventh child."
Maria Josefa Jaramillo: Wife of Kit Carson--Her Descendants, Ancestors and Primos. Maria C, Martinez, et. al., p. 119.
--also info on p. 173.
Maria Josefa Jaramillo: Wife of Kit Carson--Her Descendants, Ancestors and Primos. Maria C, Martinez, et. al., p. v-viii.
---(p. v.)"It seems that Maria Josefa's grandparents settled in El Potrero de Chimayo, east of Santa Cruz in the late 1700s. Her parents, Francisco and Apolonia, were living in Taos by 1829 when daughter Ygnacia Jaramillo married Rafael Luna. A son named Luciano was born in Taos in 1830, and a daughter Manuela was married there in 1834. Manuela's marriage record indicates that she was a resident of San Fernando, originally from Santa Cruz de La Canada.
The Jaramillo family eventually became part and parcel of the life, landscape and political intrigue of the Taos area. By the time they moved to the Taos area, it was teeming with Anglo trappers, traders and speculators, and opportunists. Maria Josefa's mother, Maria Apolonia Vigil, was a member of the Montes Vigil family, often described as "the large and influential Montes Vigil family." Her fourth great grandfather, Domingo Montes Vigil, was Alcalde of Santa Fe and Captain in the militia, said to have been protector of the Indians, who feared neither church or state. Maria Apolonia's third cousin was Donaciano Vigil, who was eventually appointed Territorial Secretary and Governor Bent's Lieutenant Governor. Donaciano, according to Ralph E. Twitchell "was well informed as to our Anglo institutions." He was allied with Anglo lawyer Hugh N. Smith and Financier Preston Beck. He was also a partner in the Vigil-St. Vrain Land Grant, along with Ceran St. Vrain, Carlos Beaubien, Charles Bent, and cousin Cornelio Vigil. When Charles Bent was killed, Donaciano was appointed acting Governor.
It is said that Maria Josefa's father was a "popular merchant" on the Santa Fe Trail. History reveals that Maria Josefa's family was in thick with the "estrangeros," allied with the men who would later take over their country.
Based on the social status of the Jaramillo and Vigil families, it is probably not possible that Maria Josefa would be allowed, unescorted, among the "Americanos estrangeros" -- trappers, traders and the rest of the riff-raff inhabiting Taos in those days She might have been aware though of the political intrigue in which Charles Bent and other associates of the Vigil's and Jaramillo's were involved.
(p.vi) It seems that Maria Josefa’s older sister, Maria Ygnacia, became involved with the wealthy Charles Bet in 1835, at least that is when the first of her “illegitimate” children was born. It was probably through Ygnacia and Charles Bent that 13 or 14 year old Maria Josefa Jaramillo met the Americano who would become her husband.
Much has been written of the famous Scout, Trapper, Hunter and Soldier, Christopher “Kit’ Carson. Writers have romanticized his marriage to Maria Josefa Jaramillo. Her family background has also been romanticized, much like the “Spanish Californios” of old. Milo Milton, in Kit Carson’s Autobiography states that “Josepha Jaramillo, reputed to have been very beautiful, possessed an excellent family background” and also states “the marriage of Kit and Josepha united the best elements of Yankee and Spanish blood and influence in the Southwest.” “One of her sisters was the wife of Charles Bent, the American trader.”
Although girls of Maria Josefa’s age, 14 and 15, were allowed to marry in those days, it doesn’t seem credible that the “haughty Jaramillo’s, as David Lavendar calls them in his book, Bent’s Fort, would have agreed to give their little girl in marriage to an illiterate man, so completely different in religion and culture, but they did it. It is especially doubtful that the parents of Maria Josefa would have allowed the marriage if Carson had not agreed to be baptized as a Catholic. He was baptized in the Catholic Church in Taos on January 28, 1843, one month before their wedding. The entry in the parish register states that Carson was a 32 year old adult. He was in the area since the age of 15, a hunter in the region to the North. Anabaptists, “whose errors he adjured”, had previously baptized him. His godparents or “padrinos” were Luis Lee and Maria de la Cruz Padilla. The Carson /Jaramillo wedding took place on 6 Feb 1843 in Taos, NM.
Catholic in name only, Carson eventually abandoned any semblance of belief in his adopted religion. He later actively joined in the attempts of Archbishop Lamy and others to have Padre Jose Antonio Martinez excommunicated, believing among other things that Martinez was responsible for the Taos uprising. In 1858, Carson became a member of the anti-Catholic Masons.
Shortly after the 1843 marriage, Carson was off on the first of the many excursions and expeditions he took during his married life. According to his autobiography, he left his bride three months after their wedding. In July of that year, he was at Ft. St. Vrain with the explorer, Charles Fremont, having arrived there from Bent’s Fort. On to Ft. Hall, where he rejoined Fremont in September of 1843 to accompany him on his first expedition, arriving at Sutter’s Fort in California, in March of 1844. He returned to Taos in July of 1844, after being gone one year. He remained in Taos until March 1845.
(p. vii)In 1845, Carson and Dick Owens decided to settle down. They built two huts about fifty five miles east of Taos on “the Little Cimarron,” where the pair planted grain and “enlarged our improvements” according to Carson. The Little Cimarron project was one of several half-hearted attempts by Carson to settle down to a life of wedded bliss. The dream survived until Captain Fremont contacted and contracted Kit Carson’s services for another expedition, this time to California Carson and Owens sold the “improvements” for half of what they were worth and was off again.
Life could not have been easy for the Maria Josefa. When the American government began the Mexican-American, her husband was in California, eventually participating in the fighting there against his wife’s people. It was in California that Carson, following the order of his leader, Charles Fremont, murdered Don Jose R. Barreyesa and the twin sons of Don Francisco de Haro because Fremont “had no room for prisoners.” Maria Josefa’s husband was not at home when his good friend, Governor Charles Bent, was killed by “an angry mot” in Taos. He was in California while Maria Josefa and others dug through an adobe wall to escape the attackers. He was in California when Cornelio Vigil, part owner of the Vigil-St. Vrain land grant, a friend of the Americans, and Josefa’s uncle, was killed and scalped.
Feeling “vengeful horror,” he arrived in Santa Fe from California in time for the “two principal hangings’ of the men accused of inciting the Taos uprising and “murdering” his Anglo friends. Tragically, it was the “Mexicans” and “Indians” who were wrongfully tried and hanged. American history does not record that they were in fact defending their country against the American invaders, the few who dared. The Anglo men were, in fact, the traitors. Men who sought personal gain by acquiring Mexican citizenship, which bribed and befriended Mexican authorities in exchange for large land grants, which married Mexican women in order to acquire property. In the end they were the ones who betrayed their adopted country in Texas, California and New Mexico.
In March of 1847 Carson was sent to Washington bearing “dispatches” to the War Department. He was appointed “Lieutenant of Rifles” in the US Army and ordered back to California. Another attempt at settling down to “wedded bliss” was made in April 1849 at “the Rayado,” a mountain valley fifty miles east of Taos. Reportedly, buildings went up and improvements were made. That attempt only lasted until March of 1851 when Carson took off to California on a business enterprise with a flock of 6,500 sheep. He returned home to find that he had been appointed Indian Agent. Sometime in 1851, he brought Adaline “home” from Missouri and in 1852 she married Louis Simmons and moved with him to California.
The first child born to Maria Josefa Jaramillo and Kit Carson was named Charles Bent Carson. He was born in May 1849, six years after the marriage. He died at age two in 1851. A child was born every two years thereafter, until eventually there were seven living children, two deceased, Charles Bent and Carlos Adolfo. Probably not barefoot, but certainly pregnant for much of her married life, Maria Josefa was, for all intents and purposes, a single mother, living in Taos with relatives and/or servants to help with the household chores and the growing brood of children. She might have dreamt of having a spouse to share in her dreams in her children’s upbringing, but he didn’t’ belong to them. He belongs to history.
Carson spent at least ten or more years of his married life away from his wife and children. Finally in the year 1868, the couple was together for eternity. According to Leona Wood, their granddaughter, who wrote an article for Genealogical Society of Hispanic America, her grandmother, Maria Josefa Carson went to Boggsville, CO:
(GSHA) JOURNAL NUESTRAS RAICES, VOL 5, NO. 4, WINTER 1993 ISSUE, ARTICLE BY LEONA WOOD:
(p. viii)--"My grandmother went to Boggsville, CO, now known as Ft. Lyon, to be with Kit Carson on his return trip from Ft. Laramie, WY. He returned ill, accompanied by Gen. Oakes and Gen. Schlerth. On the way they made camp at what is now Daniel's Park, south of Denver. It was here that my grandfather built his last campfire. The Territorial Daughters of CO have placed a marker on this site. My grandfather loved my grandmother dearly, and had great admiration and devotion for her. He brought beautiful shawls and silks to her on his return from his expeditions. She was ill at Ft. Lyon when he arrived from WY. He was also ill in an adjoining room. My grandfather crawled on his hands and knees to be with her when she passed away. She died Apr 23, 1868, giving birth to her seventh child."
Carson had appointed his friend Tom Boggs as executor of his estate and guardian of his children. Tom’s wife, Rumalda Luna, was in fact Maria Josefa’s niece, the children’s first cousin. In spite of all his travels, all hi s work, and apparent sacrifice, Kit Carson died a poor man, leaving an estate of less than $8,000 for the support of seven children. The government, which had elicited such loyalty and labor from Carson, apparently did not provide a survivor’s annuity to care for his children in their need.
Located in Bent County, Boggsville, COI became the home of Charles Bent’s daughter Teresina, the wife of Aloys Scheurich, of Bavaria, and of her half sister, Rumalda, who married the man Boggsville was named after, Thomas Boggs.The men settled land, which was given to their wives as heirs of the Vigil-St. Vrain Land Grant of which Charles Bent was part owner. The women were Maria Josefa Jaramillo’s nieces, and that is where she went to meet her husband in 1868 – and it was in Boggsville that the couple was buried. Later their bodies were re-interred in a cemetery in Taos, NM.
As babies, the Carson children were left in the care of a very young single mother, servants, and relatives, orphaned of their father while he lived. Sadly, they did not fare well after they were orphaned of both parents. Their fate unfolds in the following pages, pieced together from newspaper clippings, obituaries and other sources.”