Joachim Wand, my sixth-great grandfather, was born in Holungen/Fuerstentum Eichsfeld, in the vicinity of Dingelstaedt, in the province of Saxony, Prussia, Germany. He and his wife, Apollonia, were married and died in Dingelstaedt. Apollonia was the daughter of Hans Georg Kirchner (~1658/1688+) and Margaretha Menge (~1658/3-29-1731), who were married in Dingelstaedt about 1688. The Wand family was a poor, very religious family. Following is the family of Joachim Wand: Joachim Wand (1690/7-19-1742) m.Apollonia Elisabeth Kirchner (8-4-1700/11-6-1775) on 3-8-1735 Johannes Conrad "Ignatius" (2-7-1738/4-8-1818) m. Anna Maria Eyrund on 11-4-1773
Johannes Conrad ("Ignatius") ("Ignaz") Wand, son of Joachim, and his wife were from Dingelstaedt in upper Eichsfeld in the province of Saxony in Prussia, Germany and attended St. Gertrud Catholic Church there. The St. Gertrud Church records list Ignatius as a Leutemagister, a teacher of a primary school. He was a teacher at the local girl’s primary school. He was also a bookbinder and shoemaker. Ignatius and his wife were married at St. Gertrud Catholic Church in Dingelstaedt. The witnesses for the marriage were Joannes Heinrich Stender and Joseph Heddergott. Ignatius’ son, Jacob Joseph Wandt was the Catholic Bishop of Hildesheim in Prussia, Germany from 1841 to 1849.My great-great grandfather, John Jonas, said that his great uncle used to give John and each of his brothers and sisters a five dollar gold piece. Following is a picture of a portrait of Bishop Wandt. An original, large version of this portrait is in the possession of my aunt, Jeannine Popp Holtz. An old postcard of this portrait is in the possession of my cousin, Lorraine Orschell Collins.
Jacob Joseph Wandt, Bishop of Hildesheim, Saxony (1841-1849) Bishop Wandt’s came from a poor family. He was extraordinarily busy during his student years studying and working. He left Dingelstaedt for Hildesheim in 1802, where he was ordained as a priest on 7-3-1805. Starting in 1804, he taught lower classes at the Josephinum elementary school in Hildesheim. After his ordination, he continued to teach there. In 1823, he became professor of dogmatics and rhetoric. At that time he also became a synod examinor (A synod is a high governing ecclesiastical council) and a member of the General Vicars Council (a Vicar is a church officer acting as a deputy of a bishop.In 1824, he became Director of High Schools until 1832. In 1829-1830, he became Dean of his canonical chapter and Bishop of Osthaus, succeeding Bishop Egon. On 10-1-1834, he became Regent of Seminars. During this time, he taught philosophy and theology at the Josephinum seminary and was a regent of the cloister. On 12-9-1841, he was named Bishop Elect of Hildesheim and was consecrated as Bishop of Hildesheim by Bishop Carl Anton Luepke on 8-14-1842. He was chosen to replace a religious liberal based on the fact that he was a religious conservative. Joseph died in the night of 10-15 or 10-16-1849 from apoplexy. He is buried in the small Ann’s Chapels in the northern cloiser of the Hildesheim domes. Overall, Joseph went from being a poor student to an important and prestigious religious figure and church administrator. Bishop Wandt was Bishop of one of the most renowned dioceses in the world. The diocese was established by King Louis the Pious, son of Emporer Charlemagne. The first Hildesheim cathedral was built in 872 A.D. It is, perhaps, best known for the famous "Thousand-Year-Old Rose Bush" growing beside it. The legend behind it and the reason for moving the Bishop’s seat from Elze to Hildesheim was written down by a Saxon historian toward the end of the eleventh century. Ludwig the Pious, son of Charlemagne, once crossed the river Leine coming from Elze on a hunt. He put up his tent on the spot where Hildesheim Cathedral now stands and then had Holy Mass celebrated there. The relics belonging to the royal chapel - they were relics of the Virgin - had been taken along. On his return to Elze, the Emporer wanted to hear Holy Mass again. When his chaplain was going to put the reliquaries onto the altar, he remembered that he had forgotten them at the place where Mass had been celebrated the day before. Filled with anxiety, he returned there and found them as he had left them, hanging in the branches of a tree that overshadowed a crystal-clear fountain. Try as he would, he could not remove them from the tree. The Emporer took this to be a sign from the Almighty and immediately ordered a chapel for the Virgin Mary to be built where the miracle happened. The altar was placed on the spot above which the reliquaries had hung. The Emporer began to promote this place, which was so obviously a spot favored by the Virgin Mary, and he decided to confer the Bishop’s seat on this new chapel instead of onto the church of Elze, founded by his father Charlemagne, as he had originally planned. The Hildesheim Cathedralwas destroyed in World War II, and a replica was built on the same site. The original rose bush survived. Following are a few pictures of the Cathedral. The first couple are portraits of how the Cathedral looked just before Jacob Joseph Wandt became Bishop there.
Hildesheim Cathedral in Saxony (1840)
Hildesheim Cathedral Interior (1700s)
Hildesheim Cathedral and the "Thousand-Year-Old Rose Bush" According to St. Gertrud Church records, Ignatius Wand died of emaciation or consumption. Both Ignatius and his wife are buried in Dingelstaedt/Eichsfeld. Following is the family of Ignatius Wand: Johannes Conrad "Ignatius" Wand (2-7-1738/4-8-1818) m. Anna Maria Eyrund (6-11-1745/2-6-1816) on 11-4-1773 Maria Dorothea (9-21-1774/2-22-1841) m. Simon Frankenberg on 10-19-1795 Anna Maria Dorothea Barbara (10-12-1776/?) Jacob "Joseph" Hyacintus (8-17-1780/10-16-1849) Maria Elisabeth (6-26-1784/1809+) m. Adam Schwert on 9-25-1809