Hi Sharon, Thanks for responding AND for having an open mind; how refreshing. Have found possible kin in NS and CA, and believe some VA ancestors may have been among those who migrated there in 1783---------it stands to reason that some would have married outside of race. I am working w/26 various spellings of the surname, which further complicates research, of which WHELAN is one. Shall keep you in mind and perhaps contact you again. Warm regards, carol.