Kenelm was born at Droitwich, Worcester, England, April 29, 1599, son of Edward and Magdalene (pronounced “Maudlyn” in England) (Ollyver or Oliver) Winslow.They were married November 4, 1594 at St. Bride’s, London.Kenelm was the fifth child born to Edward and Magdalene and was the brother of Edward Winslow (an early Governor of Plymouth Plantation) who arrived on the “Mayflower” in 1620.Kenelm’s father was a salt manufacturer.For some early history of the Winslow Family, see articles from various New England Historical & Genealogical Registers:“English Ancestry of the Winslow Family”, “The Mayflower Winslows—Yeomen or Gentlemen?”.
Kenelm arrived at Plymouth May 15, 1629 from Gravesend in a party of 35 on the “Mayflower” (“a second ship by the popular name”).“Among the strangers was Kenelm Winslow, another brother of Edward”(The Pilgrim Way, by Bartlett).Kenelm was a skilled cabinet maker and “…..his furniture subsequently brought high prices on the antique market”.He was admitted Freeman of the Colony in 1632.
He married Elinor (Ellen) Worden Newton Adams June 1, 1634.She arrived on the “Anne” at Plymouth on July 10, 1623.Elinor was a young widow of 25 when she emigrated, marrying John Adams, a carpenter, who died in 1633.Adams had arrived on the “Fortune” in 1621.Elinor died December 5, 1681 at Marshfield, MA (where she is buried), 83 years of age.
Kenelm was surveyor for the town of Plymouth (1640).He was fined 10 shillings for“neglecting the highways”.He removed to Marshfield in 1641 where he had a grant of land which was considered the “Eden of the region”.He was one of the 26 original proprietors of Assonet, Mass., purchased from the Indians on April 2, 1659.He was a joiner by trade and a “planter”.Was deputy to the General Court (1642-44 and 1649-53).He had “considerable litigation” and was apparently of a “quarrelsome disposition” having spent about four weeks in prison for calling the church leaders of Marshfield “liars”.Kenelm died at Salem, Mass. September 13, 1672 “whither he had gone on business”.He is buried in Salem.See accompanying article “The Winslow Family” for biographical sketches of Kenelm and descendants Job and James.
You might be interested in knowing a little about the origin of the name “Kenelm”.According to the Oxford Dictionary of Saints, Kenelm was a prince of the Mercian royal family (Mercia was a Saxon kingdom in Central England), son of King Coenwulf who reigned between 796 and 821.In 798, Kenelm had been confirmed by Pope Leo III as owner of Glastonbury, but died (in 812 or 821) before his father, perhaps in a battle against the Welsh.Kenelm is buried at Winchcombe Abbey.In the 10th century, Kenelm was regarded as a martyr and a legend developed around him featuring a murderous tutor, a wicked sister whose eyes fell out, magical doves who dropped a note telling of Kenelm’s death on the high altar at St. Peter’s in Rome, etc.The Chapel of St. Kenelm at Clent near Halesowen supposedly marks the site of the murder.In truth, Kenelm was a prince who certainly existed but of whom little is known.The crypt of the Church of St. Pancras at Winchcombe has been identified as the shrine of Kenelm, who is buried there with his father.The Saxon spelling of Kenelm was “Cynhelm”.
The Winslow ancestral home, the present Kerswell Green Farm, parts of which date from 1340, is located in Kempsey (nr. Worcester), England.Kenelm’s grandfather (also named Kenelm) lived at Kerswell Green and was Churchwarden in Kempsey in 1593.His eldest son, Edward (father of our Kenelm), left to become a salt manufacturer in Droitwich.While the four Winslow brothers left for the New World, some of the Winslow family remained in Kempsey.John Winslow was Churchwarden (1675-1690), his son, Richard, was the Bishop’s Bailiff around 1701 and also Churchwarden (1703-05) and another son was Curate from 1695-1702.