I am interested in exchanging data and ideas about Richard Youell (a/k/a Youill, Yowell, Ewell, etc.).Here is the "hard" evidence I have found and my inferences drawn from that evidence.Please contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
1.1676-1679 Westmoreland Co VA Order Book; pg 32
25 July 1677: Mr. Rich: Yowell who intermarried with one of the sisters of Jno: Smith, deceased, and did petition this Court for his equall part of his deceased brother's estate, the Court doth order that each claymer have forthwith there proportionable part of the estate according to valeuation and quallifycation, they giveing security to answer a proportionable part of what just debts and charges shall be made against the estate.
INFERENCES:Richard Youell was married to a sister of John Smith before July 1677.Assuming he was at least 18 at marriage, Richard Youell was almost certainly born before July 1659.
2.Cavaliers And Pioneers Patent Book No. 4; Pg 352
Richard Youell, orphant son of Mr. Tho. Youell, of Nomeny, 500 acs. Ely. upon Petomeck Riv. in the freshes & Sly. on land called Richard Holden's. I5 July 1657, p. 1I7, (I74). Trans. of I0 pers: Edmond Ayres, Richd. Ayres, Eliz. Swaney, Tho. Pope, Hen. Joice (?), Anne Williams, Mary Ellice, Andrew Burchett (or Burchell), James Staple, Martha Wright.
INFERENCES:The typical land grant to an adult male did NOT mention the name of his father, and did not typically refer to him as an orphan, even if his father had pre-deceased him.So why does this record mention Richard as an orphan of Thomas?The logical inference is that this Richard was still a minor as of 1657.Assuming the age of majority was 21, then this Richard was born after July 1636.It was probable that Thomas Youell had paid to transport the ten immigrants listed in the grant, but Thomas died before he could claim land for the headrights.Therefore, the family (likely the widow, Ann (Sturman) Youell) decided to complete the claim for land in the name of her minor son.
3.From microfilms of land grants at the Library of Virginia, in Richmond, accessible on-line at http://lvaimage.lib.va.us/LONN/LO-1/002-1/002_0318.tifhttp://lvaimage.lib.va.us/LONN/LO-1/002-1/002_0318.tif
John Hollowes (a/k/a Hallowes, Hollis, etc.) received a 1650 grant of land based on headrights, with a list of the transported people.This list included Thomas Yowill, Ann Yowill, Thomas Yowill Jr., Ann Yowill Jr. and William Yowill.
INFERENCES:The Thomas Youell family had moved from Kent Island, Maryland into the part of Northumberland County, Virginia that would later become Westmoreland County, by 1650, and the family members were all claimed by Hollowes as his headrights.There is no mention of Richard Youell.Was he simply omitted?Or was he not even born yet?I believe the more reasonable (although not only) inference is that he was not born yet.Therefore, Richard Youell was born after 1650.
4.1653-1657 Westmoreland County, Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol XXIII; Abstracted by Beverley Fleet, at p. 20.
Will of Anne Sturman, written 24 June 1654 and proved 21st Aug. 1654
Mentions daughter Anne Youle, grandchild Thomas Youlle, granchild Anne Youle, and grandchild Winnifried (among other relatives).
INFERENCES:The grandchild Winifred was more likely than not a Youell (established by other evidence, from the 1670 Will of Winifred's mother, Ann).There is no mention of either William Youell, the son who was a 1650 headright, or of Richard Youell.Perhaps Ann Sturman only mentioned her oldest Youell grandson, OR, perhaps William had died and perhaps Richard had not even been born yet.
5.From the Maryland Calendar of Wills, abstracts of the Wills of Thomas Kendall and Nicholas Porter, as follow.
Kendall, Thomas, 9th Nov., 1646;
To eld. son of Roger Baxter of Kent Island, personalty.
To Thomas Youell in trust for his 3 child, (unnamed), residue of estate.
Test: Thos. Waggott, John Sturman. 1. 33
Porter, Nicholas, 29th Dec., 1645; 25th Sept., 1646.
To Thomas Yoewell's eld. son and dau. (unnamed) personalty.
Thomas Sturman, residuary legatee.
Ex. not named.
Test: Wm. Pinly, John Sturman. I. 34.
INFERENCES:While these three children of Thomas Youell are not named, we can combine this information with the information from the 1650 land grant based on headrights that included Youells.It is a reasonable inference to identify the three Youell children born by 1646 as Thomas, William and Anne.Therefore, Richard Youell was born after 1646.This is consistent with the inference in item 3 above that Richard was born after 1650.
6.From Northumberland County, Orders 1652-1655. Mr. Hugh Lee stands indebted to the Estate of Thos: Youell decd. ye sume of 1590 pounds of tob. & this debt is assigned by Anne Youel the Widdow & Relict of Thos: Youle unto Richard Sturman. Feb. 25, 1655.
INFERENCES:The date of February 25, 1655 is "old style" so what we would call February 25, 1656 (new style).Therefore, Thomas Youell died either earlier in 1656 or possibly even the year before, in 1655 (depending on how long administration of the estate took).Any youngest child of Thomas and Ann (Sturman) Youell would have had to have been conceived before Thomas's death and born within 9 months of conception.Therefore, the latest any child of Thomas Youell could have been born would have been September 1656.
Combining all of the facts and inferences above, the most likely date of birth for Richard Youell was 1651-1656, inclusive.Therefore, he likely married Miss Smith (sister of John) between about 1671 and 1676, and any children would have been born in/after 1672.
Many researchers say that Richard Youell's first wife was an Ann, and so, logically, Ann Smith.Together they likely had three children, Harmon, Ann and Elizabeth.
Ann (Smith) Youell died before 1687, and Richard Youell remarried, to Elizabeth, the widow of Humphrey Pope.It is unclear whether Richard and Elizabeth had any children together.Richard died before July 26, 1688 in Westmoreland County, and his widow, Elizabeth, went on to marry a third time, to Patrick Muckleroy.
Many trees posted on World Connect (www.rootsweb.com) erroneously guesstimate Richard Youell's date of birth as 1643 or earlier, but with no citation of evidence and no discussion of the information above.
If anyone has additional evidence of the date of birth of Richard Youell, please share.