| || Notes for AMOS WARNER HUDSPETH:|
Amos W. Hudspeth was a carpenter, miller, farmer and a lumberman. He made most of the caskets for his Piney (Metalton) neighbors and relatives. He served the Confederacy during the Civil War in Company I, 3rd Arkansas Infantry, under General Shelby. He died in an automobile accident.
Notes for AMOS WARREN HUDSPETH:
Amos Warner HudspethBy Dena Lewis Hunt (great great granddaughter)
Much of what is known about Amos Warner "Warren" Hudspeth (1) comes from his Civil War pension application file. Included in this file is a questionnaire from the Arkansas History Commission that was given to over 1700 Confederate soldiers who were living in Arkansas in 1911(2). Warren's questionnaire, along with the other Confederates that participated was later transcribed and published in Arkansas 1911 Census of Confederate veterans of the Civil War.(3) Warren probably dictated the answers to his questionnaire because it was filled out in the same handwriting as the Carroll County Assessor's signature that appears at the end of the pages.
On the questionnaire, Warren said that he was born 15 March 1845 in Fairview, (now Osage), Osage Township, Carroll County, Arkansas, and that his parents were Lewis Calvin Hudspeth and Sarah Ann Gage. (4) On the 1850 Carroll County census, there was an "A Warner" living in the household of Lewis C. Hudspeth, and Sarah.(5) This census record supports the questionnaire information and places Warren in the Hudspeth family home.
Warren stated in the questionnaire that his father, Lewis, was born in Kentucky.
The 1850 census record also shows Lewis' birthplace as Kentucky and since his age is recorded as forty, Lewis' birthdate was probably ca 1810. (6) Sometime between his birth and his marriage to Sarah Gage in 1832, Lewis traveled to Missouri. It isn't known at this time if Lewis grew up in Missouri or Kentucky. There is much confusion among current researchers of the Hudspeth family as to who Lewis' father and Warren's grandfather was because the first official record found so far of Lewis Hudspeth is the record of his marriage on 29 November 1832 in Crawford County, Missouri. (7)
When Arkansas seceded from the Union, Warren enlisted in the Confederate Army at Marble, Madison County, Arkansas. He would have been sixteen if he enlisted before March and seventeen if he enlisted after his birthday. It is my guess that he enlisted before March and falsified his age. Or the required age was 18 instead of 17 and he gave himself a year. On the 1911 Veteran's Census, he stated that his birth date was 1844.(29)It would be difficult to prove which date, 1844 or 1845 is the correct birth date for Warren. It seems that the 1850 census records which indicated 1845 for a birth date would make more sense. There would be little reason for his parents to hide their son's birth date. On the other hand, Warren would have all the reasons in the world to be untruthful if he wanted to enlist in the Confederate army and they only took boys of a certain age.
There is some confusion about Warren's Civil War activities. His records have been very difficult to sort out. According to Wayne Van Zandt's Chapter of the Military Order of the Stars and Bars out of Little Rock Arkansas, most Arkansas Civil War research is confusing. Van Zandt explains the shortages of supplies, including paper after the summer of 1862, kept many Arkansas Confederate regiments and companies from keeping complete records. Another problem was that the Confederate regiments used a repeating numbering system that was used for several totally different units. There were also so many casualties in combat that the regiments often consolidated two or more regiments which would also change the numbers originally assigned to a unit. (30)
The main source of information I have used for piecing together Warren's military records is the 1911 Veteran's Census discussed earlier. In the Veteran's Census, Warren stated that he was a Private in Hindman's Command, company I, 3rd Arkansas Regiment and that he served from 1861 to 1865 and was then paroled. Another source of information of Warren's military record can be found in the unpublished family history of the Hammons Family written by Bob Hammons in 1994. Hammons' book states that Amos served in Company 1, and Company B, in Harnells Battalion, Arkansas Cavalry. (31)
The National Archives did not find a copy of Warren's records in Company I or B in the 3rd Arkansas Regiment as of 25 September 1998. This may have been because the 3rd Arkansas Regiment was not part of the state militia, but the Army of the Confederate States of America. This group didn't stay in Arkansas during the war, but participated in battles throughout the South, even fighting under General Robert E. Lee all the way to Virginia. Since there were only 150 survivors out of the 1353 men thatserved in the Third Arkansas Infantry, Warren would have been very lucky to have survived if he did indeed serve with that group. (32)
A recent Internet check turned up a record of a Warren Hudspeth, a private who enlisted on 2 Mar 1863 in Carroll County in Harrell's Battalion, Arkansas Cavalry CSA, Company B. The officers and men of this unit enlisted in August 1862 in the infantry under Colonel C. W. Adams, which was disbanded and the men transferred to the command of General Cabell which was a part of this Battalion. It was also known as the 17th Battalion. (33)
A copy of Warren's Pension Records revealed that Warren fought in the Battle of Prairie Grove in Arkansas. (34)In May of 1999, I took a trip to the Prairie Grove Battlefield State Park near Fayetteville, Arkansas and spoke with the Park Historian, Don Montgomery.He explained that the Third Arkansas Infantry was actually the 3d Trans- Mississippi Infantry. When a tenth company was added to fill out to regimental size, the unit was renamed the 26th Arkansas Infantry Regiment when it was transferred to Confederate service on 23 July, 1862. (35) The actual Battle of Prairie Grove took place during December of 1862 and was fought by Thomas Hindman'sFirst Corps of the Army of the Trans Mississippi.
It is probable that Warren enlisted with several different groups within the Infantry and the Cavalry during his military career. More research will need to be done before a complete explanation of Warren's Confederate service can be established.
In 1865, Warren was paroled from military service. (36)He most probably continued to work at the sawmill with his father, Lewis, but evidence found in the National Archives shows that Warren , Lewis, and Warren's cousin, Tilford Denton Gage, had another little business on the side.In the summer of 1869, the three were involved in "carrying out the business of distillers of Spirituous Liquors." and warrants from the President of the United States Ulysses S. Grant, to the Marshal of the Western District of Arkansas were issued for their arrest. The case title reads: "United States vs. Illicit Distiller Warren Hudspeth, Lewis Hudspeth and Tilford Gage." A Deputy was dispatched to find the three, but they were not found. The deputy A.B. Thomas, wrote, "I certify that the within defendants could not be found. The case file, dated 23 September 1869 does not show for certain if the three were ever broughtto justice.(37)
Of the three witnesses that were subpoenaed for the case, one of them, "Mrs Rebecca Hawkins," is of great interest. (38)On 16 January 1870, four months after the warrant was issued for his arrest, Warren married Rebecca J. Hawkins. (39) Rebecca was the daughter of Gilbert Hudson and Anna Moore. Before her marriage to Warren, she was married to John A. Hawkins ca. 1861. (40)The marriage certificate shows that Warren was twenty-five and Rebecca was twenty-three. The 1870 census of Omega township lists eight-year old Franklin, (Rebecca and John A. Hawkins's son), living in Warren's household. The census also shows that Warren is a "Miller" and that he can read, but he cannot write." A family story told by Evelyn Watson Hudspeth, Warren's granddaughter, was that one of Warren's index fingers was shot off during the Civil War. (42)Warren's 1904 Pension Application File somewhat supports this story. On the Evidence of Physician form, J.W. Poynor reports that he had made an examination of Warren's physical condition and found that Warren had a "slight gunshot wound of the right index finger received at the Battle of Prairie Grove."(43) This wound might be the reason Warren could not write.
Warren's first wife, Rebecca Hawkins died ca 1880 leaving three young children. She was buried in the Lower Campground Cemetery in Madison County (46).
On March 6,1884, Warren re-married. His second wife was Mary Jane Holloway. There seems to be no record of this marriage in Carroll County. A search of the Carroll County Courthouse marriage records was done by Shirley Doss, County Clerk, on March, 1998, without success. This writer is a descendant of this second marriage between Warren Hudspeth and Mary Jane Holloway. It has always been puzzling me that not only is there no record of Warren's marriage to Mary Jane Holloway in Carroll County. There is also no mention of Mary Jane Holloway in the 1911 Census of Confederate Veterans. It seems odd that Warren was married to Mary Jane at the time of the survey and he did not mention her or their three children, one of which was Warren's only son William Rossen Hudspeth.
The 1880 census record shows Mary Jane Holloway in the household of her father, Charles Calvin Holloway from Alabama, and her Mother, Elizabeth Hammons, who was born in Tennessee. (51) The 1880 census also shows the Holloway family living six houses away from the Lewis Calvin Hudspeth family. (52) Warren has not been found in the 1880 census. By 1900, he was listed on the census with Molly J (Mary Jane) and their three children. (53)
Between 1884 and 1887, possibly two children were born to Warren and Mary Jane. Both probably died in infancy. (54)
On 4 April, 1894, Warren purchased 131 acres of land in Carroll County in the Harrison Arkansas Land Office. The Bureau of Land Manager of the Eastern States, General Land Office Land Patent Report shows Amos W. Hudspeth as the Patentee but no Warrantee is given. It is a Cash Entry Sale by authority of April 24, 1820. Warren's signature is said to be present but the copy of the document is filled out by President Grover Cleveland's Secretary, M. McKean, and doesn't seem to have another signature on it. (62)
The 1900 Carroll County census shows Amos W. with Mary Jane and all three children together. The census showed that Warren was 55 and had been married for 15 years and could read and write. He also had a sawmill and rented his house. (65)
In 1904, Warren Hudspeth applied for a pension from the State of Arkansas for his service in the Civil War. But it wasn't until 1915 that he received any checks. These checks were sent to Cabanal in Carroll County until his death 1926. (70)
The family was living in Metalton, Carroll County in 1909 (71) , and in 1910, the census showed that Warren was 64, had been married for 29 years and was a farmer. His son William R. was nineteen and was still working in what was probably the family sawmill. (72)
When the 1920 Census was taken, Warren was living alone in Omega Township. He was seventy-five years old and widowed and still listed as a farmer. (79)
Amos Warner Hudspeth died in Tulsa Oklahoma on 10 November 1926. The death certificate informant was W.R. Hudspeth (William Rossen Hudspeth) who said that Amos Warner Hudspeth was born in 1841. This is probably an error because had he been born in that year, the 1850 census would have shown him as nine years old and not five years old. He might have lied about his age to get into the military during the civil war, but I do not believe he would have had a reason to add three years to his age. I believe Will was mistaken on his father's birth date. The cause of death listed on the certificate was "Acute Arlitalion-heart following auto accident - 15-20 minutes." (87)
Warren's obituary dated 1 December 1926 states that "Warren and his grandson,Jesse Wade, were in a car that collided with another car near Tulsa, but none of the occupants of either car were seemingly injured, as they were able to walk to a nearby filling station to summon aid. The grandson returned to the wrecked car and during his absence, the aged man fell unconscious, death resulting from heart failure."(88)Evelyn Hudspeth told me that Warren had also been robbed of all the money he had in his wallet.
Amos Warner Hudspeth's funeral was conducted by Reverend T. R. Keen, and was held 12 November 1926 (89)He was buried in the Gobbler Cemetery, near Metalton, Arkansas, (90) and across from his second wife, Mary Jane Holloway, his mother-in-law, Elizabeth Holloway Hammons, (91) and his granddaughter who died as an infant, Neoma Marie Hudspeth (92).Warren's Confederate Soldier's headstone reads, "A.W. Hudspeth, Co 1, 3rd ARK INF, C.S.A." (93)
There are many family stories associated with Warren Hudspeth. That he was a "moonshiner" has been proven through court records housed at the National Archives, showing that there was a warrant out for his arrest for the making of "Spirituous Liquor."
That he made all the coffins for family, friends and neighbors without accepting any pay for his work and materials is harder to prove, but since he operated a sawmill he would have had materials for coffins on-hand to do such a thing, and since this story was printed the obituary in the newspaper, it was probably a well-known fact to the people of the area. (94)
That he caught smallpox sometime immediately following the Civil War and hid out under Wagon Shed Bluff on Piney so he wouldn't infect his family would be almost impossible to prove.(95)But like any story from the memories of family members, it gives dry facts about ancestors depth and color and life.
As stated earlier, Necie Way Hudspeth Meskimens was the source of much genealogical information for researchers working on the Hudspeth and Gage lines. Although most of her information has been accurate, and agrees with the written records that I have checked, the information, as far as I can tell, was only from her memory. Great aunt Necie's memories, and those of my Grandmother Evelyn May Hudspeth and Great-grandfather William Rossen Hudspeth have given the researchers of the Hudspeth family history a solid place to start and I am very grateful to them. Their stories from their memories, with a little help from written records, have allowed Warren Hudspeth, Mary Jane Holloway and all the others discussed in this paper to be remembered.
Before the story of Amos Warner Hudspeth family can be complete, there is much more research to be done. Hopefully, in time the identity of Warren's grandparents will be discovered. And it is also possible that with diligence a more detailed picture of Warren's Civil War service will emerge. Also, questions about Warren's second marriage to Mary Jane Holloway will hopefully be resolved.