The Ancestors of James N. Blazier:Information about Robert Richardson
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Robert Richardson (b. 1615, d. 10 September 1682)Robert Richardson was born 1615 in Sommerset?, England, and died 10 September 1682 in Accomac co., Virginia or Anne Arundel Co., Maryland.He married Susanna Smith on Bet. 1635 - 1636 in Accomac co., Virginia, daughter of Richard Smith.
Notes for Robert Richardson:
from a Richardson website
What is known:
The following years are cited for his birth based upon a Robert Richardson who sailed from England on the "Paul" to the West Indies in 1635:
c1605 (the people who used this date did not notice that the Robert Richardson who sailed on the "Paul" was 20 years old!) and
c1615 . Here is the citation in question:
The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1607-1660 edited by P.W. Coldham**
3 April 1635. Passengers with certificate of conformity from St. Katherine's, London, and having taken the oaths, to be transported from Gravesend to St. Christopher's by the Paul of London, Mr. John Acklin: Ralph Reason 23; Edward Merrifield 19; Robert Wade 35; William Haies 24; George Rishford 24; Mathew Moyses 17; Robert Richardson 20; John Mountain 20; John Willis 29; John French 18; Thomas Watson 29; David Evans 22; Steeven Garret 19; William Beddle 19; Richard Lock 20; Abram Watson 19; James Carter 25; William Scarsbrick 23; William Church 21; John Reinolds 23; Henry Bagin 22; William Lammyn 21; Hanna Roper 23; Henry Lee 30; Edward Smallman 21; Robert Atkinson 23; Thomas Fearfax 22; Mathew Turner 46; Edward Gass 20; Henry Sentence 20; Edmond Davies 21; Edward Barnes 16; Thomas Nott 18; John Adams 16; Edward Gray 32; John Watts 21; Edward Fisher 27; Richard Crowder 28; Richard Preston 21; Richard Older 24; William King 18; John Holmes 22; Nicholas Seden 20; Francis Stott 32; Phillipp Jennings 25; Robert Spurr 24; Thomas Spendergrass 24; Nicholas Hollis 20; Richard Danes 20. (PRO:E157/20).
The assumption is made that this Robert Richardson then went from the West Indies to America!
Additional dates and possible places of birth for Robert Richardson are:
c1630 and born in England and had several children in England before emigrating (no ship reference for this claim), and
c1637 (based upon a Robert Richardson who sailed to Virginia from London on the "Recovery" in 1660):
The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1607-1776, by P. W.Coldham Broderbund CD#335**
13 November 1660-15 December 1660. Robert Richardson, Jeremiah Calloway, George Moore, Robert Sealinge, Richard Husbands, John Fish, Henry Richards, William Allen and John Bird shippers of goods on the Recovery, Mr. John Stanton, bound from London to Virginia. (PRO: E190/47/1).
From: John H. Coats
Date: 19 Dec 1996
To: Donald Richardson
Subject: Robert's birth
The information that I have for the immigration date of Robert Richardson comes from the write-ups in the library at Snow Hill and from a publication on the Blakemore Family that says he first came to St. Kitts. Most of the genealogies suggest that Robert came on the Paul in 1635 when he was 20 years old. According to "The Complete book of Emigrants 1607-1660 edited by P.W. Coldham ** " there were two Robert Richardsons who sailed from London to St. Kitts (and presumably on to Virginia) in 1635. One Robert, sailing on the Paul , was 20 and one sailing on the William & John was 33 * (obviously too old). Most of the reports in Snow Hill are full of inaccuracies. One saying that it was based on the research of Prof. William Bishop noted that Robert was born in 1637 (ref not given) but came on the Paul in 1635 which of course couldn't be!
In looking over my information on the family again and my information on the Smith family, I would agree now that the 1615 date for Robert's birth seems too early. We know that Richard Smith's will was proved 31 Jan 1659/60 and that his two daughters Alice and Susanna were still unmarried when the will was written (I don't seem to have the date the will was written but assume it was not too long before his death?). Susanna married then after the will was written and before 1666 when Robert patented 500 acres in Accomack adjoining 450 acres that Susanna (his wife) had inherited from her father Richard Smith. According to the Maryland Land Office Records Bk. 16, p. 302 (cited in Adventures of Purse and Person, Virginia 1607-1624 by A. L. Jester 1987), Robert was granted 550 acres in Maryland in 1671 for transporting himself, his wife Susan, son William, daughters Elizabeth, Susan and Tobia (Tabitha), and four servants from Virginia into Maryland. Assuming approximately 2 years spacing between children, Robert and Susanna would have been married somehwere about 1662 which is when some researchers think Elizabeth Richardson Cade was born. If Robert were born in 1615 (the one who come on the Paul) he would have been 47 when his first child was born- which seems too old. If he were born in 1637 (the date some researchers suggest) and came on the Recovery in 1660, he could have met Susanna in Accomack, married and had a child by 1662 when he would have been 25 years old. This does make more sense to me. I wasn't aware of the Robert Richardson immigration in 1660.
All of this of course does not prove that the 1660 Robert Richardson is the right one but it makes it more probable that he is.
* The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1607-1776 **
2 September 1635. Persons to be transported (from London) to St. Christopher's by the William & John, Mr. Rowland Langram, after examination by the Minister of Gravesend: James Lampley 19; William Greene 18; Henry Daniell 20; Rowland Davies 20; William Reddish 20; Edward Broomish 20; Robert Fitt 18; Richard Lewes 26; Richard Corie 18; Richard Cristie 20; John Brunt 24; W(illiam) Williams 21; Christopher Steevenson 19; Thomas Barnes 20; Robert Watler 20; Andrew Young 40; Francis Hudson 36; John Parr 19; William Morley 24; Richard Gavyn 21; Thomas Phillipps 35; John Willard 16; Thomas Hanmer 14; William Burnham 21; Walter Wall 16; William Bathoe 18; Thomas Tapper 21; William Baylie 23; Thomas Brookes 21; Nathaniell Bernard 22; Thomas Price 20; George Frie 19; Thomas Hart 25; Mathew Addison 17; Theobald Wall 18; Robert Richardson 33; Robert Leake 38; Barnabie Brooke 20; John Cock 18; Nicolas Cobb 24; John Hinson 21; Thomas Ekkersoe 24; George Carter 28; Richard Harris 26; Henrie Nokes 27; Thomas Thomson 28; Samuel Knipe 23; John Watton 25; John Byrall 29; Morris Parry 30; John Nayler 20; Edward Nayler 21; George Noble 22; William Cocks 20; Martin Sowth 19; William Greenlefe 26; John Sawnders 17; Thomas Hames 16; John Pinkley 30; Robert Thomson 22; William Davies 30; Richard Beare 28; George Ford 19; Thomas Lowynn 20; John Drake 18; Robert Outmore 38; Hugh Hilton 23; Thomas King 27; Lawrence Adderford 26; James Dockkie 17; Ezechell Rennam 15; Thomas Haiden 15; Edward Brunt 26; Thomas Reinolds 16; William Benn 24; Phillip Skorier 26; William Worrall 23; John Benson 27; Henry Bugland 21; John Morton 24; John Ditchfield 22; Nathaniell Simpkins 26; William Procter 26; Edward Gressam 17; William Steevens 21; Thomas Whithedd 24; Thomas Clark 25; William Stiffchynn 16; John Bonn 18; William Dunbarr 15; John Morrish 18; Alexander Glover 37; Edward King 25; John Kent 23; Robert Lynt 21; Edward Bellis 21; Thomas Gill 30; William Grove 32; Richard Mason 29; Manley Richardson 21; Isack Belt 23; John Pickering 25; Thomas Archbold 19; Mathew Wells 28. (PRO:E157/20).
**ACCESSION: 16823901 from OCLC database.
AUTHOR: Coldham, Peter Wilson.
TITLE: The complete book of emigrants /
PLACE: Baltimore :
PUBLISHER: Genealogical Pub. Co.,
YEAR: 1987 1993
PUB TYPE: Book FORMAT: 4 v. : ill. ; 24 cm.
NOTES: "A comprehensive listing compiled from English public records of those who took ship to the Americas for political, religious, and economic reasons; of those who were deported for vagrancy, roguery, or non-conformity; and of those who were sold to labour in the New Colonies." Includes bibliographical references and indexes.
[v. 1]. 1607-1660 -- [v. 2]. 1661-1699 -- [v. 3]. 1700-1750 -- [v. 4]. 1751-1776.
ISBN: 0806311924 (v. 1) : 0806312823 (v. 2) 080631334X (v. 3) 0806313765 (v. 4)
SUBJECT: British -- United States -- History -- 17th century -- Sources. Immigrants -- United States -- Sources. England -- Emigration and immigration -- History -- 17th century - - Sources. United States -- Emigration and immigration -- History -- 17th century -- Sources.
Page prepared and partially edited by Donald Richardson from email by Vaughn Baker on April 5 1997. (Note: some of the dates and birth order of the children do not agree with others on the web site. These are the opinion of the author and he should be contacted to discuss his findings.)
Robert Richardson (D1682) of Mt.Ephraim.
The records on the first Robert Richardson are very brief. My intention here to flesh out these few facts with other information about the period which will give his descendants some sense of his accomplishments.
Can you imagine what it was like to be the first settler in this, or any, new region. The lands had to be cleared tree by tree. There was no local store to supply your needs, no contractors to help you build your home or plantation, and no medical services in town when a snake bit you, or a branch fell upon your shoulder. In fact, there was no town!
Earlier writers tell us that Robert Richardson had come to Virginia in April of 1635 on the ship Paule bound for St. Christophers Island. In September of 1635, another Robert Richardson sailed to St. Christophers on the ship William & John. A Robert Richardson also sailed to Virginia from London on the "Recovery" in 1660. I don't know if these were our Robert Richardson. see The birth year and birth place of Robert Richardson of Mount Ephraim Plantaion.
I do know that in the year 1660, Richard Smith/ Smythe left 450 acres of land then called Captain Thomas Neck in Accomack County Virginia to his daughter who had married Robert Richardson and I assume was already situated and living with his wife. In 1666, Robert Richardson then patented 500 acres at the head of the land his wife had received. Although we know that Richardson migrated north, he continued to hold and sell portions of this land until 1669.
This land patent was for 500 acres at the head of Occahannock Creek in Accomack County on April 5, 1666. There were many patents recorded on that same date so we can assume that he and the others were already situation and the formal hearing was on April 5, 1666, exactly 331 years prior to the day this was written. A few years later on November 9, 1666, Edward Smith was recorded as living on the north side of Robert Richardson's land. A land patent of five hundred acres was a very significant investment and would indicate that either Richardson or Smythe or both were men of very significant financial means!
I had hoped that Robert's father-in-law Richard Smythe would provide more clues as to Robert's background. Smythe was one of the first to settle on the eastern Shore. In November of 1618, he patented 950 acres in this area on the Eastern Shore. This is a significant fact. In the census of 1625, there were ONLY fifty-one Europeans listed in the eastern Shore musters at the lower tip of the Eastern Shore, but Smythe had already patented a day's sail north of this settlement. However, Smythe was listed as a Jamestown resident in 1624 so apparently he was not yet a resident of the Eastern Shore. see For current questions being discussed about the Richard Smiths in early Virginia
No doubt Richard Smythe (D1659) was a major player for his time. He was an attorney in Jamestown, and I have long attempted to link him to Sir Thomas Smythe of the Virginia Company. Besides wife Alyce and his daughters Susanna Smythe and Alice Smythe (she married Nathaniel Bradford), there was a son Richard. This Richard also appears to have some relationship to Edward Smith, Captain Thomas Smith and Captain Henry Smith who appear so frequently in later land deeds of the eastern Shore of Virginia and Maryland, however no definite relationship could be determined. Other than explaining where Richardson started to build his vast tracts of land, Mr. Richard Smythe provided very little in the way of clues.
A little know but very interesting fact I discovered in the Virginia Company records mentioned a conversation between the Chief of the Eastern Shore Indians and Secretary John Pory, the official Secretary of the Virginia Colony. In 1622, Debedeavon, told Pory that there were some fifty very happy Englishmen living north of his camp. The description of the location was difficult to determine other than it was a day's sail north and probably included Occahannock Creek on the southern boundary. Of course they were happy, the government didn't know they had even occupied the land, thus no taxes! But the significance is that there were Europeans living in this region much earlier than had been thought. Another interesting side note is that the reason for Pory's meeting with the Indians was to discuss the PURCHASE of land with the intention of moving the Virginia Capitol from Jamestown to the Eastern Shore! King James got wind of this, and the move never took place.
If Richardson did sail to Virginia in 1635, then this could help explain the twenty-five years before Robert Richardson began to appear in the land records. His eldest son was born in 1640 in this immediate area of Virginia. The date would suggest that Richardson did arrive in Virginia between 1635 and 1640, where he met and married Susanna Richardson. It was most common for ships to first leave passengers in Jamestown, before they went to the plantation.
It is also significant that a neighbor of Robert Richardson was Rev. Daniel Richardson who in 1655 was listed as a colonial minister in the lower parish of Accomack County, the same location as Robert Richardson. Actual tax records show them to be neighbors. Rev. Daniel (David) Richardson joined Robert Richardson in Sinepuxent and died in 1695.
Although today this area of the Chesapeake Bay is very sleepy, it must have been a hotbed at that time. I have done a great deal of research on the early families. Another ancestor of this writer was Hugh Baker (D1664) was located in this immediate area. It became a major jumping off point for the migration north which was later fueled in 1662 by Virginia's demands that Quakers return to the Church of England. Richardson's brother and eldest son were hard core Quakers, and I believe Richardson migrated north for both economic and religious reasons.
In any event, the next most significant mention in the land records is Robert Richardson's 2,000 acres of land at what we know as the family ancestral home. This is located on Sinepuxent Bay. Although plantation owners were required to enter and leave Virginia via the small port of Jamestown, local legend has it that Robert traded directly with England from this new location. Perhaps Richardson would have welcomed Calvert's ownership of Maryland so he would not longer be obligated to first sail to Jamestown.
Maryland's portion of the Eastern Shore did not get cut out of Virginia until 1662. Richardson and others were already well established in the Sinepuxent Bay area before it was Maryland. Once this took place, Richardson and a local delegation decided to travel to St Mary City to negotiate with Calvert so that they could keep their properties. On May 6, 1671, Richardson and several others met with Calvert in St Marys City and their land grants were continued, most likely in a pledge for political support and some discussion on the tax rates for the land. Most likely this was not a head between the knees discussion as Calvert needed support as the Virginian leaders kept trying to get all or portions of the Eastern Shore of Maryland returned to Virginia. The size of Richardson's land holdings would have indicated that he was an important political asset for Calvert to watch the Virginians.
Richardson's major landholding neighbors at that time were John Parremore (1,500 acres), Thomas Selby (1,250 acres), Edward Smith (700 acres), Alexander Williams (600 acres), Stephen Barnes (600 acres), and Henry Bishop (300 acres). Edward Smith had been an earlier neighbor in Virginia and thought to be a Richard Smythe relative. John Parremore was a major landowner on the Eastern Shore, had come in 1622, and married the daughter of Northampton's Sir Robert Drake, believed to be a great soldier in the low countries and nephew of Sir Francis Drake. Lt. Henry Bishop had been in Accomack in 1661 and a neighbor to Richardson, Edward Smith, etc. Note that quite a few of these families had first been neighbors in Virginia.
Before his death in 1682, Richardson had accumulated some 3,000 acres of land which was a princely amount of land for anyone to own.
In the History of Pennsylvania about William Penn, it was quoted from a journal written in 1700 that William Richardson, born 1640 and eldest son of Robert Richardson, was a very good friend of William Penn. see What is the birth year of Robert Richardson's first son William? Assuming that the entire population of the entire Chesapeake Bay was quite small in the 1650's, it is fairly safe to assume that since we know Robert Richardson was living at Occanhannock Creek, and William Richardson was the eldest son of a Robert Richardson, and was born in this part of Virginia, that William was the son of this Robert Richardson. Where I also am confused is the long period between the birth of William Richardson in 1640 and his sister Elizabeth Richardson in 1662.
Is it possible that the first Robert Richardson was the father of both our Robert Richardson and William Richardson. Here again the dates don't work. Our Robert Richardson is thought to have been born in 1615, came here in 1635 at the age of twenty, and had his first child at the age of twenty-five. Why then was there a twenty-two year gap between the births of these children. We need to investigate this before we can understand more about our Robert Richardson.
Family: Rev. Daniel (David) Richardson Edward Martin - Possible cousin? see "hot issues"
Robert's Children: 1. William Richardson (1640-1697), Quaker Minister = Elizabeth Ewen Talbot (B1635) (widow of Richard Talbot.) 2. Elizabeth Richardson (1662-1693) = Robert Cade 3. Susanna Richardson = John Stockley (D1716) (The Stockleys had been an Accomack family) 4. Tabitha Richardson = John Osbourne (He remarried Atlanta Toft) (He was the son of Jenkins Osbourne of Hopewell, Virginia on the James River.) 5. Sarah Richardson (B1675) = Thomas Mumford (D1728) 6. Robert Richardson Jr. (B1677) 7. Charles Richardson (1672-1727)
His wife's family:
Richard Smythe 1. Alyce Smythe = Nathaniel Bradford (His sons moved into Somerset County and Assateague Island across the Sinepuxtent Bay from Richardson.) 2. Susanna Smythe = Robert Richardson 3. Edward Smythe ? 4. Thomas Smythe ? 5. H䎮
Sir Thomas Smythe, Treasurer of the Virginia Company 1. Sir Richard Smythe of Leeds Castle = Elizabeth Scott (d/o Sir Thomas Scott of Scotts Hall)
More About Robert Richardson and Susanna Smith:
Marriage: Bet. 1635 - 1636, Accomac co., Virginia.
Children of Robert Richardson and Susanna Smith are:
- +William Richardson, b. 1640, Pougateaque, Accomack Co., Virginia, d. 2 September 1697, West River, Anne Arundel co., Maryland.
- Elizabeth Richardson, d. date unknown.
- Robert Richardson, d. date unknown.
- Tabitha Richardson, d. date unknown.
- Sarah Richardson, d. date unknown.
- Charles Richardson, d. date unknown.