Rogers, Cooke, Williams, Mattock and King Pages:Information about Arthur Henry Downes
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Sir Arthur Henry Downes (b. 11 October 1851, d. 11 March 1938)Arthur Henry Downes (son of Thomas Richard Collins Downes and Sarah Elizabeth Turner) was born 11 October 1851 in Milford Lodge, Munslow, Shropshire, England, and died 11 March 1938 in La Doune, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Palestine.He married (1) Evelyn Carolyn Downes on Bet. April - June 1875 in Marylebone area, daughter of James Downes.He married (2) Florence Maria Chapman on Bet. January - March 1902 in London, England, daughter of Horace Chapman.
Notes for Arthur Henry Downes:
M.D. of Chelmsford, County of Essex.
WHOS WHO 1929-1940.
DOWNES, Sir Arthur Henry Kt 1910, Commander of the Order of the Crown of Belgium, late Senior Medical Inspector for Poor Law, Local Government Board, Whitehall;Vice-President The Sunlight Leagueb 11 Oct 1851 son of late T.R.C. Downes, Milford Lodge and Heath House, Shropshire, marr. 1st 1875 Evelyn (d.1892) d. of James Downes, one son, one daughter.2nd 1902 Florence dau of Horace Chapman, Donhead House, Wilts, one dau. Educated Shrewsbury: University College, London;Aberdeen University. M.B.C.M. (highest honours) 1873M.D. 1875 Aberdeen.D.P.H. Camb. 1877.Deputy Medical Officer of Health, Shropshire Combined Districts and Medical Officer of Health, Essex
Combined Districts 1876-1880.Medical Inspector, Local Government Board 1880-1919;Member of Royal Commission on Poor Laws and Relief of Distress;also a number of Departmental Dietaries, Nursing in Workhouses, Workhouse Accounts, Feeding of Prisoners, Vagrancy, Midwives Act, Condition of the Blind etc formerly representative of Local Government Board on Social Welfare Association for London and on Central Council for District Nursing; Chairman of First Homeless Poor Committee for London;Vice President Sunlight League and Faculty of Science; Trustee, Lord Strathcona's Charity for Lepers. Publications:various papers in Proceedings Royal Society;Effect of Light on Bacteria, etc. Influence of Light on Protoplasm, etc 1877, 1886;these researches being the first to reveal the destructive action of light on the organisms of putrefaction and disease.Address:Mt Carmel, Haifa, Palestine.
He was knighted "For distinguished work in many branches of research into many subjects connected with health and disease" in 1910 and was a Commander of the Order of the Crown of Belgium. After his retirement from the Public Service, Sir Arthur lived chiefly abroad in France and of late years at Mount Carmel.He made countless friends;his years were full of wisdom and honour.He devoted his life to the good of others and the improvement of the health of mankind.In all he did he enriched his work with the pure gold of a delightful personality, full of kindness and sympathy. (Part of a letter from Sir Arthur McNally, head at the opening of the "Sir Arthur Downes Library, Haifa, by the District Commissioner.)
(copied by L.A.Turner, Wroxeter, Hafod Road, Hereford. June 13th 1939.)
SIR ARTHUR DOWNES LIBRARY
In memory of the late Sir Arthur Downes a Public Library was opened on March 28th 1939 at the British Sailors Society, Princess Royal Institute, Haifa, Palestine.Opened by the District Commissioner.
A beautiful room was set apart for the reception of 1400 books collected by Sir Arthur and Lady Downes.They had agreed that these books should never leave Palestine and knowing this to have been his wish Lady Downes was guided to present them to the British Sailors Society in Haifa.The room is now called
"The Sir Arthur Downes Library". The following in the inscription for the plaque placed at the entrance to the library:
"To the memory of Sir Arthur Downes M.D., This library is presented by Lady Downes.He was a Man of Science, ever seeking Truth, Knowledge and Understanding to the last hour of his long life, closing the 11 March 1938 at his house "La Doune" Mount Carmel.
HEREFORD TIMES NEWSPAPER, SATURDAY 23 April (think 1937?) re LOST SHROPSHIRE MANOR by Sir Arthur Downes.
A LOST MANOR.
SHROPSHIRE LAND AND A LAW COURT CEREMONY.
Some interesting researches have been made by Sir Arthur Downes, now of Mount Carmel, Palestine, into the question of a lost Shropshire Manor. Pointing out that each year at Michaelmas at the Law Court where nowadays the Kings Bench Division represents the Exchequer the Crier summons the tenants of
a piece of waste land in Shropshire called "The Moors" to come forward and do their service, hecomments that where this land is and the origin of this service are now totally forgotten.Sir Arthur Downes refers to an attempt at solution by Mr Eyton in his "Antiquities of Shropshire" in which it was concluded that the lost manor was probably one formerly known as "La Mora (or Morn) near Eardington. Developing the suggestion that La Mora of which there is no mention in Domesday was then known as Bolebec, a manor recorded in the Great Survey but no more heard of, he identifies it in in interesting manor with a lost Shropshire manor which rather more than six centuries ago was known as La Doune, just East of Chetton, within two miles of Glazeley and three of Eardington, he points out is a ridge of high land ending in a bluff above the high road from Bridgnorth to Ludlow, still known as The Down.Further, it lies between two brooks, Mor Brook andBorle brook.These and other named coincidences lead him to the claim that here is first class evidence of the whereabouts of the lost manor of La Doune and its identity with Bolebec.
THE BLACK DEATH
As to how La Doune, like Bolobec completely vanished from record, Downes who says he can find no reference to the manor after 1315-16 suggests a possible effect of the Black Death in 1348-9 which according to the historian Trevelyan terminated the existence of some villages and hamlets, the whole population having died.A further conjecture is that the lost manor may have passed to the City ofLondon by way of security for some loan to the Crown.There would be presumably in the Exchequer some record of the service due and in default of an heir the manor would pass into the hands of the King.But all too late the City Fathers would find that neither boundaries nor title could be proved.In those early days decision as to the possessions of a deceased owner of land was made by a jury of his neighbours.They too determined who was heir......
another newspaper cutting:-
ALLENBY MEMORIAL PARK ON MOUNT CARMEL from our correspondent, Jerusalem Apr 7.
The Allenby Memorial Park on the central part of Mount Carmel, overlooking the scene of the late Lord Allenby's victory at Megiddo in September 1918 has been dedicated by Major General Wavell G.Q.C. British Forces in Palestine and Transjordan. The land for the park, one and a half acre, was given to the Haifa Municipality by the late Sir Arthur Downes and Lady Downes, the sister of the Dowager Lady Allenby, who were for a long time in residence on Mount Carmel, as a bird sanctuary and a park for mothers and children.The General referred to the appropriateness of such a memorial to Lord Allenby, who loved birds and nature and whose final public speech was a word of peace. Much of the above information on this section of the family was copied by L.A.Turner, Wroxeter, Hafod Road, Hereford, June 13th 1939.
Lord Allenby (above) was General Sir Edmund Allenby, conqueror of Damascus, the leader of the British invasion of Palestine culminating at Meggido, hailed by Liddell Hart as 'one of history's masterpieces.The Palestine-Arabian campaigns took place 1916-18 and were joint Allied-Arab cooperative ventures.
It was also the time of Lawrence of Arabia and the arab revolt against the Turkish empire.Lawrences methods, ranging over a thousand miles behind enemy lines revealed the foundation of modern guerrilla warfare and the results of these campaigns resulted in the restructuring of the Middle East and the
political geography we know today.
Arthur Henry Downes and his wife Evelyn were distant cousins.
He may have been living in Munslow in 1877 or 1878 as his son Clayton was buried there "of Munslow". However Thomas Clayton was not christened at Shipton or Munslow, he was however registered in theHastings area
In 1881he was living in Chelmsford with his first wife and one son -
Arthur DOWNESHeadMMale31Munslow, Shropshire, EnglandAberdeen MD Med Officer Of Health
Evelyn DOWNESWifeMFemale29London, Middlesex, England
Fred. DOWNESSonUMale1Chelmsford, Essex, England
Mary SAWYERServtUFemale23Coggeshall, Essex, EnglandCook
Winifred HOPPERServtUFemale18Reading, Berkshire, EnglandNurse
Richard EDWARDSServtUMale20Diddlebury, Shropshire, EnglandGroom
They had been living in Chelmsford since at least 1880 when their son Fred was born
EARDINGTON, mentioned above,is a hamlet, part of the parish of Quatford on the opposite shore of the River Severn.The best buildings are a black and white post office, the redbrick Grange Farm, and a Georgian house, Hay Farm, with one seventeenth century window.(taken from Portrait of the Severn by J.H.B.Peel 1968) [Rita Taylor]
More About Arthur Henry Downes:
Christening: 9 November 1851, Munslow.
Occupation: 1881, MOH .
Residence: 1881, 16 New Bridge St, Chelmsford, Essex, England.
More About Arthur Henry Downes and Evelyn Carolyn Downes:
Marriage: Bet. April - June 1875, Marylebone area.
More About Arthur Henry Downes and Florence Maria Chapman:
Marriage: Bet. January - March 1902, London, England.
Children of Arthur Henry Downes and Evelyn Carolyn Downes are:
- Thomas Reynold Clayton Downes, b. 16 February 1876, Hastings area, Hastings, England, d. 14 November 1878.
- Fred Downes, b. 1880, Chelmsford, Essex, England/Chelmsford, England, d. date unknown, India.
- Oscar Downes, d. date unknown.
- Violet Evelyn Downes, b. Bet. July - September 1883, Chelmsford, Essex, England /Chelmsford, England, d. Aft. 1939.
Children of Arthur Henry Downes and Florence Maria Chapman are:
- +Elizabeth Arthur Downes, d. date unknown.