NativeAmerican Genealogy: Strickland &Martin
One of my old Bladen Co.,English Province of NC (location became Roberson Co., NC) Native American(Indian) connections is my ancestor JOHN STRICKLAND JR. (1749-1836), whomarried a what is now known as a "Croatan"Indian girl named APPA (APPIE) ??? (maiden nameunknown)(1750-aft.1800) in Halifax Co., English Province of NC. This JOHN STRICKLAND JR.was born in old Edgecombe Co., English Province of NC [part became Halifax Co.,NC], and died 1838 at his home between Mushmelon andWatermelon Creeks, Tattnall Co., GA. This NC/SC/GA JOHN STRICKLAND JR.(1749-1836) was English and the son of (also English) JOHN STRICKLAND SR. (1729-1788)and (according to recently provided VINCE family genealogy) his wife ELIZABETHCAMPBELL (born between 1729-1732 and died ????), who was Scottish and born inArgyle, Argyleshire, Scotland. JOHN STRICKLAND SR.(1721-1788) is the Strickland who was identified by NC CroatanIndians to an old Bladen Co., NC English official as "the blond-haired,blue eyed white man who lives among us".
JOHN JR.swife APPIE ??? was said to be born "at herfamily's home on the big river bluff, two days walk from what first was calledNew Town (now Wilmington)," i.e., just north of Wilmington in old NewHanover Precinct, Bath Co., English Province of NC.
JOHN STRICKLAND JR.'s (1749-1836) son DAVID JONATHAN STRICKLAND (1785-1896)married 17 Jan 1802 his 1st cousin TREACY MARTIN (1789-1856) in BarnwellDistrict, SC In 1788, the year his father died, JOHN JR. was living near whatis now Darlington, County, SC(Cheraws IndianDistrict). JOHN JR.'s son DAVID JONATHAN STRICKLAND(1780-1873) was born further south, near Amelia Town, Santee River Settlement,old Orangeburgh District, SC. A few years later(circa 1800) JOHN JR. and his family are found in the Barnwell District of SC.
In 1803, JOHN STRICKLANDJR., his uncle AARON Jr. (b. c1767), and his brothers DAVID (b. ???) and JEFFERSON REUBEN (b. ????) were found/recordedsurveying Georgia Indian Lands in Georgia (i.e., in areas now in Washington,Laurens, and Tattnall Counties, GA). Evidently they were reconnoitingand selecting land for themselves in "Beulahland"Georgia before moving there a fewmonths later.
JOHN JR.'sson DAVID JONATHAN STRICKLAND's cousin/wife TREACYMARTIN was identified what is now called a "Lumbee"Indian -- and a niece of her mother-in-law APPIE ???.TREACY MARTIN (1789-1856) was the daughter of JAMES MARTIN (1756-1841) and his1st wife ??? (name unknown),who also was a "Lumbee" Indian. [NOTE: Noone has said it yet, but to me this means TREACY'smother (name unknown) was a sister of her husband DAVID'smother APPA (APPIE) ???.]
Family story is that JOHN STRICKLANDJR.s wife APPIE and her father said their NativeAmerican ancestors fled in the early 1700s from NE NC, with their families and alarge number of tribal members. Theytraveled southward, and along the coast of NC, because of many"troubles" (1711-1715 TuscaroraWar?) they had with settlers in NE NC (old/original Currituck andAlbemarle County areas, i.e., NC lands thatat the time were considered part of the English Province of Virginia). This group of Indianslater moved westward into the interior of NC, andfinally settled with other Indians along "Drowning Creek" (Lumbee/Lumber River) and to the area we now know asRoberson Co., NC). The old tribal members said that at first they were treatedas outsiders by the other Cherokee and Cheraw Indians, because they "spokedifferently and had mixed Portuguese and blue-eyed, fair-haired Englishfamilies in their group. They said "it took some time, and a war with theenemy SC "Eeyswah" (Iswa-Catawbas)before they were fully accepted and became one with the Cheraws."
APPIE ???, wife of JOHNSTRICKLAND JR. (1749-1836) passed on to her family that the elders in her groupsaid they called themselves "Coreetuk" --later shortened to "Corees" (i.e., whichcould be the "Cores" of VA/NC?. The tribal name probably meant"Currituck," where tribal elders said that this was also the name oftheir tribal lands "on the ocean" in the SE corner of VA and NEcorner of NC.
Present-day Native Americansin Robeson Co., NC disagree with U.S. and NC/SC Government ontheir tribal identity, and some still disagree among themselves. What is nowofficially called the "Lumbees" maintainthat there are at least eight (8) different (distinct) Indian groups thatresided in the same areas of NC and bordering SC. Their identification problemexists because after many generations, their 18th and 19th century ancestorsinter-married with free blacks, escaped black slaves, Portuguese ship crewdescendants from SE VA and NE NC, and, of course, the white English and Scotchsettlers who immigrated/migrated during pre-colonial and colonial eras ofNC/SC. The "Currituck" Native American identity of my group was,evidently undocumented, officially lost, overlooked, and/or ignored over thepast 120 years.
Our GAG-grandmother TREACYMARTIN (1789-1856), the Native American "Lumbee"cousin and wife of DAVID JONATHAN STRICKLAND (1780-1873), passed on to herchildren and grandchildren an almost identical story her aunt/mother-in-lawAPPIE told about the origination of their group in SE Virginia, and herancestor's flight to Halifax and the Robeson Counties of NC.
In 1956, the U.S. Congresspassed the "Lumbee Act" (H.R. 4656), whichincluded our distinct NE NC "Croatan"tribe and identifies them as NC "Lumbee"Indians. That 1956 Act was progress, but the 1956 Act did not authorize/grantfull benefits and entitlements to any of these different and small NC/SCIndians groups, all from the same area of NC. The 1956 Act effectlyclumped all of these Indian groups together -- and identified them all as theNC "Lumbee" Indian tribe. There is a mountain of NC and U.S. Congressionaldocumentation/legislation that attempts to resolve identity andbenefits/entitlement issues, but the separate groups of "Lumbees" have yet to be satisfied with their status.One thing for sure, they are NOT all "Cherokee" Indians, as so manyin the near past identified themselves in NC, SC, GA, FL, AL, MS, LA, TX, AZ,and CA.
http://www.lumbeetribe.com/recognition/100_year_quest.pdf,Federal Recognition, The Lumbee Tribe's Hundred YearQuest.
http://www.lumbee.org/faw.htm, LRDAWeb Site.