Deane/Farrell/Fisher:Information about Malcolm O. M. Fisher
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Malcolm O. M. Fisher (b. 1755, d. 1846)Malcolm O. M. Fisher was born 1755 in Perthshire, Scotland, and died 1846 in Maxville, ON.He married Janet Catherine McDougall.
Notes for Malcolm O. M. Fisher:
Bev Klackowich says that Janet McDougall married Malcolm Fisher.The McDougalls and the Fishers shared the same farm, Callelochan, on Loch Tay.The clansmen left Scotland because of religious differences with their landlords.
Bev tells me that Malcolm was a crofter of Callelochan villlage of Kenmore, Loch Tay, Perthshire Co., Scotland.(3 or 4 miles - south shore of Loch Tay from Kenmore).Left before the clearances.He married Catherine Janet McDougall.She died 1819 - St. Elmo - Glengarry Co., ON.They imigrated to St. Elmo, Kenmore Twp, Glengarry Co., ON in 1817.His farm was next door to the McDougalls.They shared a croft with McDougall's in Scotland.He petitioned for land in 1821 "Indian Lands".It appears the 3 McDougall familieswho emigrated from Loch Tay between 1815 and 1817 emigrated in response to the Special Emigration Policay - proclaimed by the Right Honorable Earl of Bathurst who was one of the principal Scretaries of State for the British Government at that time.By this policy, the British had at one time farmed and his lease expires in 1838.He had been the leading Black faced sheep breeder in the Nortsh of Scotland.
Crofter - Crofts are small holding, particularly found in the Highlands and Island of Scotland.Clearances in the 18th century had pushed numbers of tenants into crofts near the sea, where Kelping and fishing eked out a meagre existence.Scotland's whole history is wars in trying to keep it Scotland.
From "The Post - 1815 Emigrants"(re MacDonnell & MacDonald)
"Like the Knoydart and Glenelg settlers, the 1815 emigrants from Loch Tay also attracted other Perthshire clansmen to their Canadian destination.Most emigration from Perthshire to Glengarry County occured in the five years after 1815, when the assisted emigrants had only just reached their new homes; at least twenty-three families, described as both large and helpless, arrived in the county during this period.The clansmen left Scotland because of religious differences with their landlord l- many of the tenants had recently become Congregationalists - and because of the pressure put on agricultural resources by a rapidly growing population and the amalgamation of tenant farms into sheep farms.
Finlay Sinclair, who arrived in Canada in 1816, headed one of the first families to leave Loch Tay for Glengarry County after the assisted emigration.The next year a larger group of families followed him to Glengarry.Among these were Donald McDougall, his wife and five children, his sister Janet, her husband Malcolm Fisher and their family."The McDougalls and the Fishers shared the same farm, Callelochan, on Loch Tayh and were accompanied or followed by other neighhbours and relations.Hugh McEwen, who marrie a McDougall, emigrated in 1819 and his brother John left the next year.James Anderson and Duncan and John Kippen also came to Glengarry during this period, but a least one family, that of Robert Kippen from Croftmartaig, left Perthshire considerably later in 1833.The Tayside emigrants were the only major group of settlers in Glengarry County not to come from western Inverness.Like their northern compatriots, however, the Perthshire emigrants came to the county in successive waves of families, drawn by ties of kinship and the availability of land."
Lived in St. Elmo 1817 - 1820 - Congregationalists.
Had a Crown Grant.
1815 emigrants arrived in Canada in the autumn, forced to wait until spring to receive land of their own.Some 350 of the assisted emigrants who settled in Glengarry spent the winter in barracks in Cornwall and Lancaster.The assisted emigrants who settled in Glengarry received 100 acre grants in the north-eastern quartger and across the seventeenth concession of Lancaster Township on February 29, 1916.
The emigrants to Glengarry were predominantly farmers.The Glengarry settlers sailed from local ports in large, organized groups on vessels hired for the purpose.Glengarry settlers left Scotland because of the loss of land, status or income that they experienced or expected as a result of economic transformation.Clansmen took advantage of the land available in new Glengarry to become individual owners of 100 acres or more.lThe traditional characteristics of a Highland community - loyalty, defence of local interests, and conservatism, were notable in the history of Glengarry County.Emigration from the western Highlands and Islands was, in fact, so extensive, Glengarry County was only one of a series of Gaelic communities which emerged in Upper and Lower Canada.
We have seen a pattern in the social characteristics of those who chose to emigrate to Glengarry County and in their experience of emigration.They went almost entirely in family groups, over 90% of emigrants travelled with family members.The large number of women and children included in these groups in part reflects tshe importance of family emigration to the county.Surviving passenger lists do not document adult sibling or extended kin relations, but genealogical evidence suggests that the family and community basis of the nine emigrant parties created an intensive network of kin relations linking all of the settler in Glengarry.Most of the emigrants fit a socio-economic profile and followed common patters of departure.The Glengarry settlers themselves organised their departure for Upper Canada.It seems probable that all sailings from western Inverness (which had no normal passenger trsaffic or ongoing trade with North America) were on vessels chartered for the purpose.
Source of most information:Maxville:Its Centennial Story, p. 205.
Property:Abt. 1818 - Concession 17, Lots 13, 14, 15.l- Source:Petition of the Settlers on the Rear Concessions of the Indian Reservation in the County of Glengarry, 18 Feb., 1821, Upper Canada Sundries.
Residence:Before 1816 - Callelochan on Loch Tay, Perthshire. - SourceMarianne McLean, The People of Glengarry:Highlanders in Transition, 1745 - 1820, p. 161.
Came from a farm or croft called "Callelochan" in the village of Kenmore on Loch Tay in Perthshire, Scotland.
More About Malcolm O. M. Fisher:
Burial: Unknown, Pioneer Cemetary at St. Elmo, Glengarry Co., Kenmore Twp..
Children of Malcolm O. M. Fisher and Janet Catherine McDougall are:
- +Alexander Fisher, b. 1792, Kenmore, Perthshire, Scotland, d. May 9, 1867.
- +John Alexander Fisher, b. Abt. 1796, Kenmore, Perthshire, Scotland, d. Mar 1855.
- Donald Fisher, b. 1798, Kenmore, Perthshire, Scotland, d. date unknown.
- Janet Fisher, b. 1800, Kenmore, Perthshire, Scotland, d. 1876.
- +Peter Fisher, b. 1801, Kenmore, Perthshire, Scotland, d. Dec 8, 1874, Maxville Presbyterian Cemetery.