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George READNOUR died at the battle of Brandywine, September 11, 1777.
Battle of Brandywine, an engagement of the American Revolution (q.v.) fought Sept 11, 1777, in which Sir William Howe's British army of about 15,000 defeated George Washington's American army of about 11,000.The battle took place in the vicinity of what is now Chadds Ford , on Brandywine creek in southeastern Pennsylvania, about 25 miles S.W. of Philadelphia.The area is now maintained as a battlefield park by the commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Howe's Philadelphia campaign is among the most controversial of the Revolution, for it was conducted simultaneously with General John Burgoyne's invasion of New York.Howe's absence from the New York area was an important factor in Burgoyne's disaster at Saratoga.Apparently, Howe was lured to Philadephia by a belief that its large Tory element would rise up when joined by a British army and virtually remove self, therefore, Howe embarked his army at New York city early in July 1777 and proceeded, by way of Chesapeake bay, to approach Philadelphia from the south and west.Landing at the head of the Elk river, Howe's troops marched toward Philadelphia but found Washington's army barring their crossing of the Brandywine.Rather than attempt to force the sometimes steep banks of the creek, Howe merely feinted against Washington's front with one wing of his army, while he marched northward with a somewhat stronger wing to cross the Brandywine and fall upon the American right and rear.At best he hoped this envelopmentmight destroy the American army; short of that, the enveloping column might interpose itself between Washington and Philadelphia and thus, open the city.During the morning and early afternoon
of September 11, Washington unaccountably ignored evidence that Howe was turning his right.Thus, the turning column was troops he dispatched to oppose it had little time to form a deline quicklyco llapsed.The centre fought valiantly, however,and held long enough to permit the army reserve to form a second line, which in turn held stubbornly to protect the road toward Philadelphia so that Washington might withdraw safely those troops who had remained in the original position along the Brandywine.In the end, the British troops occupied the battlefield, but they neither destroyed Washington's army nor cut it off from the American capital at Philadelphia .Washington still stood brfore the city, and it required a skillful campaign of maneuver before Howe could find his way into it.Even then, the bravery of many of the American troops kept Washington's army intact and, thus the Revolution alive.
Source:Encylopaedia Britannica , 1970 Vol 4