George Keller519 was born Abt. 1710 in Bern, Switzerland519, and died 1790 in Shenandoah Count, Virginia519.He married ?? ??. Notes for George Keller: [Keller.ged.FTW] DEATH: PLAC Shenandoah County, Virginia This is the story of the Tyler County, WVKeller/Kellar family which came from the Shenandoah Valley in old Virginia. Good researchers are working on earlier generations: Mrs. Alma Tool Steider of Eureka, IL, a retired librarian, a Magma Carta Dame,Mayflower Descendant, etc.; and her cousin, Mrs. Elsie Clark Cress. Certainly "tradition" is important for earliest years. Mary Elizabeth (Garvin) Keller wrote her granddaughter what she had been told of early Kellers by her father-in-law, Jacob Keller, born c1777/78. She was no doubt an old lady when she wrote and would have forgotten or become confused about some points (perhap mixing men of same name but different generations?)but her writing is still a valuable source.By:Flo Montgomery EDITOR'S NOTE: Mrs. Montgomery is now deceased. She collected much information on Tyler County, WV families. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * In the early 1700's to Philadelphia, PA, came Kellars from Switzerland and from across the Rhine in Baden Germany:Adam, Christof, Heinrich and Jacob. They seem to have joined other Germans going west or south to the Shenandoah. Mary E. Garvin Keller's granddaughter provided a copy of a letter written by he (Mary Keller), recording the story of the family as told by Jacob Keller, Martin's son. She said the first Keller in the family came from Switzerland to Philadelphia in 1680 and worked on a farm there for seven years to pay for his passage to this country. He married and went to Page County, VA, in the Shenandoah Valley. He died there, leaving three sons, two of whom went south to Georgia and North Carolina early in the 1700's.Martin was the brother left in VA.He had seven sons. five born in Page County.Later, in 1774, they moved t what is now Marshall County, WVA where they received land patents. In 1777, they were driven from their homes into PA and stayed there for seven years before returning to their home. (1777 was known as the year of the "blood sevens" in the Ohio Valley.)Mary Keller mentions in her letter that Thomas wa killed by the Indians, tells where all the brothers finally settled and that they all had served their turn as Indian Scouts, and about Jacob Keller being i the War of 1812. The first Germans in the Shenandoah Valley were the Adam Miller Colony in 1727. Then came the Hites, Stevens and Van Meters. About 1730, Jost Hite and party went to the Shenandoah, then Augusta County, Va. In 1738/43, Frederick County was cut from Augusta and in 1772, Shenandoah County was formed (until 1778 was called Dunmore County.) NOTE: An immigrant of 1680 would likely be too old to have been the father of the Keller men who came to Shenandoah.Martin who went to the Ohio Valley, who was born about 1735. Martin Kellar came about 1774 to the Ohio Valley, where he is found during the Revolution. Remaining in Dunmore (Shenandoah) County, were Abraham and George Kellar (not believed to be related to the Keller family of the lineage of this family tree)of his generation and some younger men who served. NOTE: "Revolutionary Records", Brumbaugh - tells of a Captain Abraham Kellar (again, not believed to be related to this family) of the Illinois Regiment. Abraham was given a Land Warrant for 4,000 acres in 1785 for having served thre years. The next year he was fatally wounded at "Shipping Post" by the Indians. The Will of Abraham Kellar of Shenandoah County, VA, dated 16 April 1787, names wife, Elizabeth; sons, Joseph, William and John; daughters, Rachel, and Elizabeth. Son Joseph named Executor. Witnesses: Peter Miller, George McKay and Charles Catlett. Bond: Joseph Keller, Edwin Young, Mary Funk and Jeremiah McKay Probated: 26 April 1787.(These people are not believed to be related to our family Kellers.) 1775 Census - Dunmore County, Va (Shenandoah) Keller, Abraham: 3 males 16+, 2 males 0-16, 3 females and 2 slaves Keller, George 2 males 16+ 3 males 0-16. 4 females There are two Shenandoah County, Va Wills for George Keller. The first is dated 13 July 1779 and probated 28 Mar 1783. Names wife, Barbara. Children: George, William, Henry, John, Elizabeth, Mary, Jacob and Barbara. Sons George and Jacob are Executors. Witnesses: George Huddle and Augustine Wendle. Bond: George Keller, Henry Travel (son-in-law), and David Keaner. The second Will is dated 28 December 1787 and probated 31 Jan 1788. George Keller resided Beckford Parish, Shenandoah Co, VA.(Not believed to be related to our family.)Names wife, Barbara. Children: Jacob, Elizabeth Snapp Mary Sherman, Madalena and Barbara. Witnesses: Alexander Hite, Philip Wendle an George Coop. Bond: Joseph Snapp, Adam Sherman, Jr., Adam Sherman, Sr., Samuel Bowman and George Fekley. Executors: Joseph Snapp and Adam Sherman, Jr. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Our George Keller, born about 1710 in Bern, Switzerland, married the daughter o the plantation owner where he served his seven years as an indentured servant, in order to repay his boat passage.There is no known record of the name of hi wife. When the Kellars came to the Valley, it was unbroken wilderness, but this fille up rapidly.Sons of the settlers cast their eyes still westward for new lands and homes. The Ohio Land Company was formed in 1748 and others followed---The Traders, Vandalia Company and others.They spread the word of favorable opportunities across the mountains.France and England noted the westward expansion, made their claims and war was inevitable.Braddock's defeat in 1755 delayed real settlement, but Colonials in Braddock's army had seen the country and talked of it's promise when they returned home. Land was cheap.History gives the impression that a man could acquire land by raising a crop or by blazing trees but conveyances and sales were needed then as now.Settlers brought deeds describing their lands. If they found another family "squatting" on the land, rather than litigation, they would make a trade, for land was so cheap. Martin Kellar went, so the tradition goes, in 1774 to the Ohio Valley. Since he had a wife and children, he may have made several trips to prepare a home for them. He is not on the 1775 Census of Dunmore County, Va. According to Mrs. Steider (mentioned earlier), Martin's land grant was originally a tomahawk claim he made in 1774.If he came with Captain Bonnet, this would check out about right.Martin Keller "Virginia Land Grant, 1785 -Assignee of John Wetzel (father of Lewis Wetzel. Indian fighter.) These land grants were not given when the people settled here but when their properties were surveyed from 1785. Coming in 1774 made the Kellers one of the earliest families in the area. The Indians were at peace with the white man from 1763 until the Revolution. There were some hardships, chiefly those of living in rural conditions --- far from schools, doctors and markets. About the settlement of Wheeling, WV: The Zanes explored here in 1769 and returned a year or so later to settle. In 1772 there were about fifteen people in Wheeling and many more in 1775. Other families were there about the same time, but not in Wheeling. The Wetzels Bonnetts, Mercers, Shepherds and Kellers settled out Big Wheeling Creek into Marshall County. The McCollochs, Swearingens, Biggs, Mitchells, Van Meters, Ridgleys, Pumphreys, Boones, Hedges and Coxes, to name a few, settled on Short Creek and north into Brooke County, WV. From "History & Indian Wars of Western VA", DeHass. Back in Old Virginia, Martin Keller married Margaret (Mary) Rich.Tradition says that five of their seven sons were born in Page County.Names of the seve sons of Martin are proven, but there are conflicting birth dates given. Page County was formed in 1531 from Shenandoah and Rockingham Counties. Those passin down the family history used the later names, suggesting that there had been visiting back and forth to the old home and kinfolk there.This would not have have been unusual for well-to-do settlers. Mrs. Steider says the immigrant ancestor died in Shenandoah County.She quote a cousin of hers:a Mrs. Elsie Clark Cress on this. Mrs. Cress also told her that Martin's sons (some of them), were born as follows: Adam, born 28 April 1757; George, born 6 March 1759; John, born 1750; and Thomas, born 1770. Martin Keller did indeed have sons with those names, but Census data show they were younger.Records as exact as that usually come from a Bible or grave marker Further search is ongoing.There was a rather large group of Kellers i Lancaster, Pa, including another Martin with wife Margaret. Some of them moved West. Those in Washington County, PA and in Brooke CO. (W) VA have not been identified as in either family. That the Tyler Co, WV Kellars/Kellers go back t Martin is established. In 1774 when Martin arrived, this land was in West Augusta, VA.In 1776 Ohio County, VA. was one of three counties formed from this district.Ohio County included all land drained by streams flowing west into the Ohio River.This i included part of now southwestern PA.It was for VA. to protect; forts and blockhouses were built for those near. In 1777,the Kellers and many other families left their homes here and fled to Redstone Fort (Brownsville PA.) for a time The story Mrs. Steider told that cam down to her is that Martin Keller and family went to a brother of his wife, Mar Rich, in PA and stayed about seven years. The Rich family lived east of the Monongahela River in what would become Fayette County, Pa.In 1777 it was considered VA. It was around 1784 when the Kellers returned to their Ohio Valle home in now Marshall County. WV.Martin's 5 sons were marrying and going to homes of their own. The 1810 Ohio County, VA. Census lists the following Kellers: Martin, Martin, John, David and Adam. The first four were on adjoining land with Adam four door away. (James Ewing, J. Greer and Samuel Stricker were between them.) Martin Keller's Will from Ohio County, (W) VA, lists as devisees his wife, Margaret (Rich) Keller and the following children: Jacob and David, who inherited land; George, John. Adam and Martin who inherited money; and daughters, Catherine and Elizabeth, who inherited "horse creatures." Executors were: Jacob Keller and James Ewing. Witnesses were: John Hover, Jesse Bonham and John Rodiffer. Children of Martin Keller (not in order of birth) 1. JohnAlthough Mrs. Steider says "born 1750", the John living next to Martin shows as born 1765-1784. She says hemarried Elizabeth - - and died i 1815. Others say he went to Indiana and from there to Illinois.John had the largest family of children in 1810, so may have been the oldest child. 2.Martin, Jr. Born 1765-1784. He married and after 1810 took his family to Ohio. 3. George:Not listed as head of a household in 1810. NOTE: Census for his father Martin in 1810 shows the old man and his wife with what seems a younger man born 1765-1784, with a wife, 1784-1794, and a baby son. Could this be George? George, like his brother Martin, went to Ohio. 4. Catherine 5. Thomas:Died in 1791. Killed by Indians in Ohio under General St. Clair. 6. Elizabeth 7. David:Census shows he was a younger son born 1784-1794.In 1820 David sold his share of the land to Jacob and moved to Bartholomew County, IN. Jacob remained here.David died in 1844 in Bartholomew County. The County Clerk there said settlement did not name his children.He married Juliana Conkle from Marshall County, WV. No record of this marriage.From Juliana's father's Will, her name was listed as "Juliana, wife of David Keller." 8. JacobThis is the gentleman whose stories of his family have been preserved. Jacob, with his brother David, inherited his father's land. Whe David moved to IN,Jacob in 1820, purchased his share. He lived in now Marshall County. WV.This is the line of Mrs. Steider. Her Keller Ancestry is as follows: a.Alma Tool Steider b.Lutie Keller, born 29 March 1879 IL, and Pearl D. Tool born 18 March 1875. c.Jacob Martin Keller, born 31 Jan 1837, OH or VA and Mary Elizabeth Tanton, born 1845 in IL. d.Martin Luther Keller, born 9 May 1809 near Wheeling, VA and Mary Elizabeth Garvin(These two left Wheeling & lived in Guernsey Co, OH) e.Jacob Marti Keller:born c1775-78 at Fort Redstone, PA (if he was born there, it was during the year of the "bloody sevens", 1777-78, and Catherine Ewing, born 1780 daughter of James and Elizabeth Wilson Ewing. (James Ewing from Ireland to Maryland, where he married Elizabeth, then to Wheeling Creek, VA.) f.Martin Keller and Mary or Margaret Rich. (Martin's Will names here as Margaret.) They came to Wheeling from the Shenandoah Valley with Capt. John N. Bonnett. 9. Adam:Tyler County, VA. He would have been born in 1771 as he was aged 83 when he died in 1853. (He was probably born in now Marshall County, WV, then still West Augusta District). He married Permelia Lovett -- about 1795. She was called "Milla" and was born 1780 in MD.By 1810 they had seven children. Adam inherited money in his father's Will of 1812. In 1810, Ohio County , VA. census records record most of Martin's sons, including Adam, in their own households. Adam owned 144 acres in Marshall Count (then Ohio County), from 1813 to 1836.In 1813. Adam Keller bought 144 acres on Wheeling Creek from Lawrence and Barbara Stricker, al. Part of the Stricker Land Grant. In 1836, Adam and Permelia Keller sold this property to John Bukey. This is the last mention found of Adam Keller in Ohio and Marshall Counties. In 1834, Adam Keller, Sr., Thomas Keller and Adam Keller, Jr., were witnesses on the Will of George Carroll. It seems safe to assume when Adam Keller sold his Marshall County home in 1836, he was planning a move to Tyler County, for in 1840, he is listed on that census. His son Martin was living beside him. His oldest son, Adam, Jr.must have been married and have chosen to remain in Marshall County.His son David married later in 1840.The census shows two more sons and a daughter were born from 1810-1820.These sons also married in Tyler County.The 1850 Tyler County, (W) VA census shows Adams age 79 and Milla, age 73, had with them three young men, surely grandsons.Tyler County death records show Adam Keller died in 1853 at the age of 83, leaving a widow, Permelia Children of Adam Keller of Tyler County. WV: a. Adam. Jr.Since he did not come to Tyler County with the others, he likely lived in Marshall County. It seems he had a wife Sarah and a son Henry M. Keller, born 1818 who married Elizabeth Veneman from New Jersey. NOTE: This is not the Henry Keller born 1818 who is buried in Lone Tree Cemetery, Tyler County, WV. b:Daughter1794-1800 c.MartinBorn 1800. The 1840 census showed him with six boys; his wife had died. He married 2nd in 1842 to Sarah Ann Morris (Tyler Co, WV Marr. Ok. 1.)The 1850 Tyler County Census #909 shows this: Martin Keller50 born VA Sarah Ann 25 Rice 18 Martin16 Mary 8 Lydia2 Rice and Martin were by the first wife. d.ThomasBorn 1803. He married about 1836 Mary ----- fromPA. In 1840 Census they had two baby boys, one of whom must have died young. 1850 Census #853 Thomas Keller47 bornVA Mary 32(Mary was reported to be mulata - part colored) David10 Mary 9 Elizabeth 7 John 5 Jacob3 Thomas1 1860 Census #331 Thomas Keller57 born VA Mary 43 David20 Mary 19 Elizabeth 16 John 15 Jacob13 Thomas11 Joseph9 e. DaughterBorn c 1805. f. DaughterBorn c 1807/08 g.Davidorn 1810. Married 1840 Mary Ann Haddox. 1850 Census #852 David Keller 39 born VA Mary Ann29 Vermilia8 William7 Israel5 Adam 3 1860 Census #334 David Keller 48 born VA --no wife- Pamelia18 William17 Israel15 Adam H.13 Mary N.born Martin W. 5 Martha E. 3 NOTE: Martin Keller of David and Mary Ann died 1868, aged 13 years. Tyler County, WV Death Records. h. William:Born 1815. Died by 1860. He married 2 July 1840 to Rachel born 1822. Children were: Laura, born 1843; Esther, born 1845; Zachary Taylor, born 1849; Theodorek born 1851, married Elizabeth Richardson & had daughter named Iva Belle, born 1875; Joseph D. born 1855, d. 1855; and Sarah E. born 1855, d. 1855. William Keller was a carpenter. In 1860 William was deceased and Rachel. a widow, aged 37 is listed in#525 with her children! Laura, 17; Esther, 15, Taylor, 11, and Theodore, 9, in the household of James Stealey. i. Daughter Born c 1817. j. John Born 1819-20. He married 1848 to Sarah Gorrell. She was born 1828, daughter of John Gorrell and Elizabeth Archer. The young couple lived for a while with her parents and show up there in the 1850 census; he aged31, she 22, and a baby daughter Elizabeth, aged 1 year. 1860 Census#570 John Keller44 born VA Sarah38 Angeline11 (called Elizabeth in 1850) William M.9 Virginia5 John B.2 The next generation of Kellers were slow to leave home.By 1860 only one had married. James, born 1828 (assumed son of Martin, who after his father's remarriage, wen to live with his Uncle William and to learn his trade, carpentering).James married 1853 to Harriet S. Higgins, aged 22 years. (Tyler Co, WV Marriages) The did not remain in Tyler County. A Michael Keller, born 1839 (aged 21, born VA) was living in 1860 in the household (#150) of Henry R. Williamson, aged 26, born VA, and his wife Harriet aged 23, born in New York. A Henry H. Keller is on the 1860 Tyler County, WV census, #715.He was born 2 September 1818.Later records show that Henry came from Pleasants County, WV. Pleasants County was formed in 1851 from Tyler, Ritchie and Wood counties. Henry must have lived in the part taken either from Wood or Ritchie. Wood was formed in 1798 and Ritchie in 1843 , so both had census taken for 1850;Henry should show in one of them.Henry H. (or N.) Keller appears on the 1860 census aged 44, with wife Sarah, aged 44, and children: John, 18, Rebecca C., 16, Rachel P., born 1846/7, Bennet D., born 1848, James E., born 1850, Hannah, born 1851, Helen C. , born 1853 and Sarah A., born 1856. Rachel P. Keller married at Centerville, Tyler County in 1866 to Thomas D. Anderson, born 1839, a widower, son of Robert and Mary Anderson. This marriage recorded in Tyler Marriage Book II. It lists Rachel as being "born in Pleasants County in 1846/47." The Lone Tree Cemetery in Tyler County has two Keller graves. Henry N. Kellar born 28 September 1818 and died 22 September 1882; also, Sarah Keller, born 11 November 1816 and died 9 February 1886.Those researching the Keller family have not placed him. NOTE: There seems no place for him in the family of Adam, unless he was a son o that oldest son who remained in Marshall County. However, a different Henry Keller, born 1818 and living in Marshall County, seems ~ a likelier son if ther was a Henry in that family. This writer has made no search in Wood County WV, but a quick look at the WPA Abstracts for Wood County finds a Keller family living there: Francis Keller, Will 10, 1821 Devisees: Sons, Isaac and Elias Daughters Patsy, Barbary, Hannah, Elizabeth, Sally Rigs, Nancy Pugh and Rebecca Pugh The aforementioned Iva Belle Keller, born 3 June 1875 of Theodorick of William of Adam, married Okey Broadwater born 5 April 1869. They had a daughter named Blanche. Children of George Keller and ?? ?? are:
+Martin Keller, b. Abt. 1735, Shenandoah Valle, Page County, Virginia519, d. 1816, Ohio County, Virginia519.