THE SHERMAN (SCHERMAN) FAMILY
(NOTE: Genealogical research is foreverongoing. Many different sources were used to verify the informationbut there may still be mistakes in names, dates, places and events. Any additions or corrections are welcomed.)
By: Alice L. Luckhardt
The SHERMAN family of SE Pennsylvania has sometimesbeen mistaken for the same “Sherman” family of Rhode IslandandConnecticut. The New England Sherman families were English inoriginwhereas our family, the Sherman family of Pennsylvania, were fromGermany. During the 20th century family legend stated that we wererelated to GeneralWilliam Tecumseh Sherman, the Civil War general but thiswas never the trueancestry.
The first Scherman (Shireman) of our branch to Americawas George Jacob Scherman (later just known as Jacob Sherman was) who was born September 21, 1724 in Niederhochstadt,Pfalz, Bayern in Germany. He is believed to have come to Philadelphiaon the ship Lydia in October 8 or 19, 1749. He may havecome with his wife, Maria Elisbetha of Niederhochstadt along with theirtwoyoung sons, George Jacob Scherman, born February 3, 1747/48andJohannes Scherman, born February 6, 1748/49. Maria mayhavediedvery shortly after arriving in America. He married EvaKundigundaCrieschbaumaround 1750 in Berks County. Eva was born January12, 1725/26in Berks County,Pennsylvania.
George first lived in the Tulpedhocken area of Pennsylvaniaand then acquired in June 19, 1754 two 25-acre warrants of land in the present-dayarea of Brunswick Township in Schuylkill County. By September 24,1762he was naturalized as a British citizen of the American colonies inBerksCounty. By 1763, George, Eva and their family werein ManheimTownship in York County, Pennsylvania. Their family nowincluded Conrad Sherman, born December 11, 1752, Johann JacobSherman,born March 2, 1755, and Elisabetha Julianna Sherman,born September11, 1759, all three in Berks County. Lastly wasGeorge Sherman, born March 1768 in York County.
In York County, (George) Jacob Sherman was licensedtorun a public house (a tavern) in the Manheim Township and started purchasingacreage around the area of St. David’s Church. Between 1765 and 1809over 800 acres of land were owned either in (George) Jacob's or his son,Conrad’s name. Due to their extensive land holdings in the regionand their support of St. David’s Church, the name Sherman’sChurchcame into popular use. The Church stills functions into the21st Centuryand located in York County, on Highway 94, just over the PennsylvaniaStateline, near the village of Pleasant Hills.
Sherman's Church - St. David's Church
Additional land holdings in other areas after the AmericanRevolution increased for the Sherman family. (George) Jacob Shermanpurchased at auction 200 acres in Manheim Township on October 10, 1783for122 pounds and 10 shillings (about $196 - $200 in the year 2000 currencyvalue). By August 10, 1797 he was living in Germany Township in YorkCounty and purchased a tenement house, lot of ground in the town of Petersburg,a twenty-foot alley and an additional 35 acres for 980 pounds in gold/silver(about $13,190 in the year 2000 value). In May 26, 1800 was the purchaseof 220 acres containing a gristmill and many buildings for the sum of 450pounds, 17 shillings and 10 pence (about $6,137 in the year 2000 value). By December 8, 1800 a tract of land called “Diggs Choice” (over8 acres) in Heidelberg Township sold to (George) Jacob for 15 pounds (about$200 in the year 2000 value) an acre. Then in June 27, 1801 over fouracres were sold for 102 pounds and 3 shillings (about $1,373 in the year2000 value) to (George) Jacob Sherman.
THE SHERMANS AND THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
The major political uprising of the American colonies with the British crown was not unnoticed by the Sherman family. They had been in Pennsylvania all during the 1750’s and 1760’sand had seen first hand the British treatment of the colonies. They had done well financially over the years and wanted to be a partof a new nation and its development. Not only did George JacobSherman join the militia but also so did his son, Conrad Sherman. George served as a private with the 4th Company of the YorkCounty militia while in his mid-50’s. Conrad, a young man in his mid-20s, first was a private in 1776 underCapt. John Sheafer. He then served between August 1776 as asergeant with Capt. John Lesher‘s Company (a part of ColonelJohn Patton‘s Battalion, known as German Battalion, the HeidelbergBrigade). Lesher‘s Company was organized from men fromBethel and Tulpedhocken townships in Pennsylvania. From August1 to 9th, 1776 the Brigade got organized and supplied.
Left: PA Military card on Conrad Sherman
for his service during the American Revolution Right: Postednames (inc. George Jacob Sherman) who served during the American Revolutionin Adams County, PA)
They then marched from Womesdorf on August 11th to Reading to Kutztownto Bethehem and then to Shaw‘s Tavern. By August 19th they marchedto South Branch River to Punch Bowl to Bonnamtown and then arrived at PerthAmboy by August 22nd, a total distance of 135 miles. This was to reinforcetroops for General Washington‘s command. On August 8,1780 Conrad had worked his way to Captain in command of Sherman’s Company under Lt. Colonel Joseph Heister’s Regiment, 6th Battalionof Berks County Militia. Capt. Sherman had 46 privates, 1 fifer, 1 drummer, 4 sergeants, 1 ensign, 3 corporals and 1 lieutenant under hiscommand. They went on to fight in the Battle of Camden on August 15,1780. The British forces won this battle. After the war, in the 1790’s he was Lt. Colonel Sherman ofthe Sixth Regiment Composed of the Militia of York County andlater given the rank of Brigadier General. (NOTE: The familylegend of a Civil War General Sherman in the family was due to Conradbeing a Captain during the American Revolution and later a BrigadierGeneral .)
Conrad did marry during America's fight for independence. In 1778 was the wedding of Conrad to Helena Slagle (Schlagel) inYork County. Helena was born September 15, 1753 in Berwick Townshipin York County, Pennsylvania. Helena was the fourth child of Jacob Slagleof Berwick Township. Jacob actually had a total of 21 children between1747 and 1789 between his first wife, Mary Catherine Klein/Klee (Helena’smother) and later Mary Barbara, whom Jacob married in 1776, a year after Mary Catherine’s death in 1775. The Slagle family hadalsobeen very involved during the American Revolutionary War, Jacob andhis sons: Christopher and John Jacob all serving from Pennsylvania. Conrad andHelena had five children between 1779 and 1790. More detailson Conrad andHelena are written further into the Sherman story.
GEORGE JACOB SHERMAN’S FAMILY
Information on the rest of George Jacob Sherman’s children is not as complete. As far as his oldest son, Georg Jacob, born in February 3, 1747-48, itisnot known what happened to him or if he survived to adulthood. JohannesSherman, born in February 6, 1748-49, remained in the areaand didlater live in Carroll County, Maryland. He married CatherineSabel on March 29, 1775 and they had three sons, and one daughter. NOTE: The daughter maybe Eve Sherman, written in the story following. Johannesdied on June 5, 1808 in Maryland and was buried in the Manchester Cemeteryof Carroll County, Maryland.
JOHANN JACOB SHERMAN AND FAMILY
(SHERMAN vs. SHRIVER)
Note: The following information on the possible two children (JacobSherman, Jr. and Eve Sherman) of Johann Jacob and Elizabeth Sherman is not100% proven. There are some conflicting sources of whether these twochildren are really Johann’s children. Source information/facts onthe Westminster house are from the Historical Society of Carroll County website.
The fourth son, Johann Jacob, born in 1755, movedas an adult to live in Carroll County, Maryland and became quite successfulas an innkeeper (tavern). He married Elizabeth (maiden name unknown,possibly of Wagoner) about 1778 in Pennsylvania and their first son, JacobSherman was born January 19, 1779 in Pennsylvania. ThisJacob, Jr. later married Elizabeth Baer on February 21, 1806 and they had four children born in Carroll County. These eight great grandchildrenof George Jacob Sherman were Conrad Sherman, born August 8, 1813,Daniel Sherman, born about 1814, Elizabeth Sherman, bornabout1815, Jesse Sherman, born March 31,1819, Susanna ShermanbornNovember 28, 1821, Mary Elizabeth Sherman, born August 23,1824, Sara Ann Louisa Sherman born August 23, 1827 and finallyMary Shermanborn December 24, 1829, all in Carroll County.
Jacob, Jr. lived until April 8, 1861. Jesse Shermanwas a farmer in Carroll County and married Lydia A. Black. They hada son, Jacob Sherman, born about 1860, Augustus, born about1870 and a daughter, Irena M. born about 1877. Jesse died onJune 6, 1885. His sister, Sara Ann Louisa married William Hoffmanon May 27, 1847 by Rev. Geiger.
NOTE: An older brother of JOHANN JACOB wasJOHANNES SHERMAN, born February 6, 1748/49 in Germany. Hismotherwas George Jacob Sherman’s first wife, Maria Elisabetha Schirmann,who died in Pennsylvania about 1749. This son also went to CarrollCounty (when it was part of Baltimore Co., Maryland). He married CatherineSabel on March 29, 1775. He and Catherine had three sons (names unknown)and one daughter. The daughter may have been EVE SHERMAN,bornbetween 1781-1785. So it is unclear it the conflict of Eve withherfather was with Johannes or Jacob Sherman.
Eve Sherman was born about 1781-1783. It was whenEve married on February 26, 1803 to David H. Shriver, Jr. in Westminster,Maryland, that an unusual family bond began. The following write-upon the Shermans and Shrivers of Westminster comes from the Historical Societyof Carroll County, Maryland.
Eve’s father, Jacob Sherman, (or Johannes Sherman)purchaseda small addition to his lot opposite his tavern on Main Streetin Westminsterin May 1806 from William Winchester, Jr., (1750-1812), ason of the founderof the town of Westminster. Jacob’s plans wereto build a large residenceon the property. Construction of his new brickresidence probably began almost immediately and was substantially completeda year later (1807) when Sherman then sold the property for a token fee offive shillings to his son-in-lawDavid Shriver, Jr. It is far morelikely that Sherman, who was at thetypical retirement age of fifty, wasbuilding a new residence in order toretire from inn keeping. In this timeperiod it was not uncommon for a successfulman of his age to share a largeresidence with a child's family. Inmost cases, the property passedto the child's family at the death of theparents.
The house was the most impressive structure along Westminster'sMain Street. It featured refined and innovative architectural details suchas a stone wastewater drain in the kitchen. However, basic elements of anL-shaped house were deeply rooted in the regional style and cultural traditionsof the Pennsylvania Germans. A first floor, unheated bedchamber locatedbehindthe dining room served as the Shermans' sleeping quarters. Shermanused adesign and plan that were closely related to the traditional farmhousestylethat was popular in Carroll County throughout the nineteenth century.
David Shriver, Jr., probably had a significant role indesigningthe house. The lead sash weights, which are embossed with hisname and thedate 1807, suggest that he was responsible for the selectionof counter-balancedwindows. A built-in clothes cupboard was installedin the front west bedchamberwhere the Shrivers are believed to have slept.Both features were unusualfor this region in 1807 and point towards thewell traveled Shriver who was familiar with trends in architecture.
The Shrivers were already living in the house in May 1807whenJacob Sherman deeded the property to David. David was born April24, 1769 at Little Pipe Creek, near Westminster, the second son of DavidShriver, Sr., (1735-1826) and his wife Rebecca Ferree Shriver (1742-1812).The younger David constructed the gristmill and tannery complex at Union Mills,Maryland, in 1797 in partnership with his older brother Andrew (1762-1847).David relinquished his interest in the mill in 1803 to accept an appointmentto superintend the construction of the Baltimore-Reisterstown Turnpike. Inthe same year he married Eve Sherman. Their marriage united two of the mostprominent local Pennsylvania German families. David H. Shriver, Jr., becameactive in public service during his residency. He was elected in 1807 to representFrederick County in the Maryland Assembly and was also commissioned in 1808as Paymaster of the 20th Regiment, Maryland Militia. Shriver had previously served as captain of the Rifle Company and a major in this regimentfrom 1794 -1799.
The Federal Census of 1810 provides evidence that the Shermanslived with the Shriver household. Jacob Sherman does not appear as a headof a household, which suggests that he was living with another family.The Shriver household included David and Eve, their two sons JacobShermanShriver (1805 -1876) and William Wagoner Shriver (1808-1880),their daughter Elizabeth Sherman Shriver (born 1806), twoadults overforty-five who were undoubtedly the Shermans. The servants,a white man anda woman, both aged sixteen to twenty-six, and six Negro slaveswereincluded in the census.
David Shriver, Jr., completed his work on the Reisterstownturnpike in 1810 and soon became a somewhat reluctant candidate to superintendentthe proposed extension of the National Road from Cumberland, Maryland toWheeling, Virginia (now West Virginia). Shriver felt that he was being poorlytreated and, therefore, hesitated to seek the position. In a February 16,1811 letter to his brother Andrew, who was in Washington, D.C., pushing David'scandidacy, David stated that he would "be d---d if he would beg for" the position.
In the same letter, David Shriver reported a family tragedy,"while at Frederick, Eve was taken sick while alone, fell against the stoveand lay in that way until she came to, with her face immediately againstthe plate. She has burned herself in a shocking manner. The roasted partis not yet separated from the sound. It is impossible to say how badthe wound will be as yet, but at best is shocking in the extreme. She willin a day or two be taken with her disorder again with the wound I fearwill be attended with bad consequences." Eve Sherman, who may havesuffered from epilepsy, was permanently scarred.
Despite his reservations, David Shriver accepted the appointmentto superintend construction of the National Road from Cumberland. His decisionrequired the family's removal to Cumberland (Wheeling, West Virginia). Shriver sold the house back to his father-in-law, Jacob Sherman, for $3,250(between $32,382 - $41,829 in the year 2000 currency values) on August 4, 1812. The Shriver's departure appears to have caused or wideneda rift with the Shermans. Unfortunately, the rift between the two familiesnever healed. When Jacob Sherman died in 1822, he left the bulk ofhis sizable estate to the Shriver's children only.
David and Eve Shriver contested the Will by questioningSherman'ssanity since the Will was executed shortly before his death.The Orphan'sCourt of Frederick County rejected their motion and directedthe Shriversto pay court costs of over $550 (between $6,861 - $8,032 inthe year 2000currency value). A Maryland Court of Appeals decree requiredthe estateof the late Jacob Sherman to pay slightly less than one-halfof thecourt costs. These divisive cases between family members were theculminationof differences between Jacob Sherman and the Shrivers. David Shriverlived until 1852 in Cumberland, Allegany Co., WV and Eve ShermanShriver lived until August 21,1854.
The fine house remained with the Sherman family until 1842,when Elizabeth Sherman (Jacob Sherman’s widow) died and it was soldto John Fisher, an attorney, who occupied the house with his family from1842-1863. The next owners were Catherine Jones Shellman and her daughterMary Bostwick Shellman who remained in the house from 1864 to 1932. After Mary's death, the house was purchased by the newly formed HistoricalSociety of Carroll County in 1939. The original Sherman house hasservicedas the headquarters for the Historical Society of Carroll Countyever sinceand has been restored to its original 1807 magnificent.
(Note: The above information of the Shermanand Shriver families and the 1807 house in Westminster was gathered fromthe web site by the Historical Society of Carroll County.)
THE REST OF (GEORGE) JACOB AND EVA SHERMAN’S FAMILY
One of the last two children of (George)Jacob Sherman and Eva was Elisabeth Julianna, born 1759.Shemarried John Adam Parr about 1779 in Pennsylvania. They had sixchildren:Catherine, born 1779, John, born 1781, George, born1784, Jacob, born 1787, Conrad, born in 1790 and Henrich, born 1794, all in York County. Elisabeth became a widowaround 1796and was given land by her father to help in her support.
The youngest child of George Jacob and Eva was GeorgeHenry Sherman, born March 1768. He had such promise withagood amount of land acreage, a new independent nation and a young family. George married Elizabeth Reinecker on June 3, 1787 in York County, Pennsylvania. Elizabeth was born February 23, 1771, (note: the gravestone states 1770) the daughter of Casper Reinecker and Anna Marie Carle Reinecker ofYorkCounty. Together they had three children: John Jacob,born September29, 1789 and twin daughters, Elizabeth and Anna-MariaShermanborn in May 1792. But these two twin grandchildren of(George) JacobSherman only lived a couple years. Elizabeth died May1794 and Annain November 1794 in Littlestown, Pennsylvania.
George Henry and Elizabeth Sherman had a comfortable lifein Germany Township with George as a farmer. In 1800 (based on slavereportof Central Pennsylvania), George had one male slave, age 22 yearsand onefemale slave, aged 50 years. In the 1810 report had two additionalslaves, one a male mulatto named “Jem”, born November 29, 1806,and a male black named “Sam”, born February 23, 1810. It was noted on the report that the two young slaves would ”be slavesto age 28”. But by spring of 1815, George and Elizabeth did losetheir only remaining child, John Jacob. He had married Susannah CatherineParr (born February 18, 1779) around 1812 but John Jacob died on May 9, 1815,at about age 25 years old. They did have two children, Eliza (Elizabeth)Sherman, born between 1813 and 1814 and George, born about 1814but died on July 18, 1822 in Littlestown, PA. Susannah Catherine Shermandid remain in Littlestown, PA until her death on June 30, 1833. Herdaughter, Elizabeth married in September of 1832 to Jacob Sterner in AdamsCounty. In her mother’s will of 1833, land was left to JacobSterner.
George continued with the family farm and then his wife,Elizabeth,died on January 27, 1818 at the age of 47 years. Withmostof George'sfamily gone he was a broken man and only lived to age54 yearsold. He died on May 25, 1822 and was buried with the restof his familyat Christ’sReformed Church at Littlestown, Adams County,PA.
GENERALCONRAD SHERMAN AND HIS FAMILY
(Third son of George Jacob Sherman)
In between Conrad’s militaryservice in 1776 and 1780, he married Helena Slagle (Schlagel) in1778in York County, PA. Their first born child was a son which theynamed,Henry Sherman. He was bornJuly 11,1779 in York County. The following years a second son wasborn, George S. Sherman. George’s middle namemay have been“Slagle” but there is no proof to that name. George wasborn November 10, 1780 in York County. Grief befell theSherman familywith Conrad’s mother, Eva, death in 1784 in Littlestown,PA. Conrad’s father, George Jacob, married sometime later toMagdalena Fuhrman. She was born about 1735 in York County. Whenshe and George Jacob Sherman married is unknown and when she died is alsounknown. There is also the name of Judith Spangler as a wife of GeorgeJacob and she may have been his fourth wife. When they married at by1799 but how long she lived is also unknown.
But joy returned to the family with Conrad’s firstdaughterarriving a couple years later on April 2, 1786. She wasnamedSusannah Sherman. By July 15, 1788 a third son,Johannes(John) Sherman arrived and his baptized was September14, 1788 inYork County. Lastly was Jacob Sherman, born onApril 15, 1790and baptized on June 27, 1790 in York County. The lasttwo childrenwere born in West Manheim Township in York County.
As his family grew so did the land and property belongingtoConrad. Based on tax rolls of 1783, he had three houses, two outhouses,and possessed two Negroes. His total tax value was listed at (506.50pounds) in post Revolutionary currency (about $8,140 in value in the year2000). His position in the community grew also as he was made Justiceof the Peace on September 8, 1784 for the County of York for the districtsof Manheim and Codorus. By May 20, 1785 he purchased 100 acres ofland in York County. Then on May 10, 1787 he added over 268 acres tohis holdings in York. In two months time he purchased 53 acres in CodorusTownship for 53 pounds from Nicholas Wyant. With the tax rolls of1795 Conrad now had 800 acres of land, 2 mills, 8 horned cattle, 5horses, 1 tanneryyard, and two Negroes for a land value of 1,314 pounds(about $17,920 in value for the year 2000). Even into the new 19thCentury he was still acquiring land. Between 1807 and 1809 he madeseveral large purchases of land especially in West Manheim. Conradcontinued to support and serve when needed in the Militia of York Countyand was known by the community around him as General Sherman. He also served as a Justice of the Peace for Manheim and Codorus Townships.
Conrad’s father, (George) Jacob Sherman, died on February14, 1812 in Littlestown, Adams County, PA. The senior Sherman was87 years old and had accomplished many things since his birth in Germany. He also instilled the same spirit of achievement in his children. George Jacob Sherman, the immigrant and the American was buriedat the ChristReformed Church in Littlestown next to his wife, Eva Sherman. When his third wife, Magdalena or fourth wife, Judith Spangler,passed awayis unknown. It is noted that (George) Jacob Sherman wasmarried to Judith by May 1799, because both signed (with an “X”)a transfer of property in Germany Twp., PA. to his daughter, Elizabeth J.Sherman Parr,the widow of John Parr.
Conrad’s children reached adulthood and started marrying. It may have been Johannes (John) Sherman who married first to SaraReinhardt (Rinehardt) of Hanover, York County. They married on June9, 1813. But that marriage was short lived. There were notmanydivorces in a family in the early 19th century but one did happenin theSherman family. John and Sara Sherman divorced on January 3,1822 inYork County. There were two daughters, the oldest may have beenSarah Ann Shermanand the youngest was Catherine Susan Sherman. Sara went to live in Manchester, Maryland
Jacob Sherman (son of Conrad and Helena) may neverhave married. It is unknown if he did marry. Jacob died at ayoung age on May 1, 1823 in West Manheim, PA.
The only daughter, Susannah Sherman, of Conrad andHelena, married George Zacharias on August 15, 1815 in York County. The young couple soon moved to Carroll County, Maryland and started theirfamily. Susannah and George had one child, a son, named Jacob Zacharias, born February 7, 1821 in Manchester, Maryland. Susannah losesherhusband early in their marriage. George Zacharias died on June7, 1826in CarrollCounty. Jacob Zacharias later married on December 22,1852 toSarah (Sallie)Ann Orndoff. Susannah Sherman Zacharias remainsin Carroll County and died on February 5, 1852. Sarah only lived untilApril 17, 1867 in Westminster, MD. After the lost of his wife, Jacobremarried on December 24, 1873 to Barbara A. Bachman. He lived in UnionMills, PA until his death on August 9, 1899.
George S. Sherman (second son of Conrad and Helena)married about the fall of 1815 to Elizabeth Kuhn in York County. Between March 1816 and December of 1827 they had four children.
Elizabeth Sherman, born March 7, 1816
Conrad Sherman, born May 9, 1818
Henry K. Sherman, born about 1823
George K. Sherman, born December 9, 1827
An interesting advertisement appeared in the Frederick newspaperon September 19, 1818. Conrad Sherman was offering a reward for arunaway indentured servant, named Frederick Trogler. He was a youngman of 18 years recently from Schorndoff, Wurtemburg, Germany. He hadonly arrived in American in the winter of 1817 and was working as a servantfor the Sherman family. Whether the young indentured servant ever wasreturned to the Sherman household is unknown.
In Conrad’s final will, located in Book “P”,page 4 of York County and dated March 29, 1823, he listed his wife, Helena,and his five adult children. He died on April 11, 1823 in WestManheimat the age of 70 years. Helena lived on in West ManheimTownship,surrounded by her children and grandchildren. Helena liveduntil theend of 1835 in West Manheim. She died on December 13, 1835at the ageof 84 years.
MAP OF YORK COUNTY - 1890'S
At the time of Conrad’s death,three of his childrenhad married and started their families. Butbetween 1823 and 1828 theSherman family struggled with a series of familydeaths. First, wasConrad Sherman, soldier of the American Revolution,with his death in April1823. The very next month, Conrad’sson, Jacob, died May 1, 1823in West Manheim, By June 19, 1825, asecond one of Conrad’s sons dies, that of Johannes (John). Nextwas Conrad's son-in-law, GeorgeZacharias, husband of Susannah Sherman,who died June 7, 1826 in Carroll County, Maryland. Lastly was GeorgeS. Sherman’s wife, Elizabeth, who died before January 1, 1828 and whichmay have been due to childbirth. Her last son was George K. Sherman,born December 9, 1827. Surroundingthe family sorrow of the mid-1820’swas one bright and shining moment. It was when the eldest son of Conradand Helena married. In 1825, HenrySherman married Mary CatharineGehret (possibly of her surname being “Rudisillor Rudisille”,unproven to date).
THE GEORGE S. SHERMAN FAMILY
With the end of the 1820’s George S. Sherman , son of General Conrad Sherman, had seen a fair amount ofdeath in the Sherman family. His wife, Elizabeth died aroundJanuary 1828. George was left to raise his daughter Elizabeth andhis three young sons, age’s 10 years, 5 years, and 2 months alone. George did remarry several years later on November 24, 1835 in Hanover,PA to Fanny (Fannie) Manathon . Rev. Gutelius performed the marriage. NOTE: family legend suggestions that FANNY MANATHON wasa full blood Native American Indian. One hint to the possibly is aphoto that might be of Lydia Sherman, (photo right) a daughter of Fanny,born in 1841, with dark complexion, dark hair, high cheek bones andalmond eyes.
She had an instant family to care for as all the four childrenwere still living at home. Additional children arrived in 1836 withthe birth of Rebecca Sherman. George's son, Conrad (born 1818)may have married Mary A. Harman, about 1838, giving a little bit more spacein the household. Then in 1841 another daughter was born, LydiaSherman. With the year 1847 arrived Fanny and George’s thirddaughter,named Sarah Sherman. In 1850 was born Mary J.Sherman. It would be November 10, 1854 that Fanny gavebirth to adaughternamed Cevilla C. Sherman. But the youngchild diedat age 4 years on May 5, 1859. Prior to the tragic event,another daughterwas born in 1858 and was named Amelia Sherman. Thereis the child, Mandilla Sherman but her year of birth is unknown. She mightbe the one buried in Mt. Olivet Cemetery in Hanover with the birthdate ofFebruary 17, 1839 and death on April 13, 1920, but this is not confirmed. Lydia Ann Sherman may have gone to live with her cousin, Savilla ShermanMusselman, around 1859 -1860, as Savilla was a new bride and mother. NOTE: There may have been two additional children born to George and Fanny, namedSusan in 1846 and Henry in 1856. There is not enough proof of who theirparents were and what became of these two individuals.
With the start of the American Civil War in 1861 George'syoungestson, George Kuhn Sherman was drafted into military service. He joined the Union Army, 82nd Regiment of Pennsylvania Vol., Company“C”on November 14, 1864. He was mustered out in Hall’sHill, Virginiaon July 13, 1865, after the war’s end. Years laterGeorge receiveda pension from the Federal government between the years1890 and 1917.
The other sons started their own families. First,wasConrad Sherman (named for his grandfather), who married Mary A.Harmanaround 1838. They had five children (Elizabeth, George, Anna,Susanand Cornelius) between 1839 and 1850. Next was Henry K. Sherman, who married Anna Elizabeth (maiden name unknown) around 1844. Henryand Anna had six children, several whom died as infants. The onlyone thatsurvived was a daughter, Mandilla Sherman, who was bornin 1860 andlived until 1891.
GEORGE KUHN SHERMAN and FAMILY
It is unknown what occupations that Conrad and his brotherHenry did in their lifetime. Conrad moved to Maryland and Henry mayhave gone to Littlestown, PA. It is also unknown how long each fellow livedbut it is figured at least to the1860’s. Their brother, George Kuhn Sherman, had a long life. Before he enteredtheCivil War, he married Lydia Trone on February 3, 1852 in Hanover,York County, PA. Lydia was born February 18, 1831. Togethertheyhad eight children between 1852 and 1872. First born was Susannahon May 17, 1852, then Jacob on May 20, 1854, andnext SevillaAnn on November 15, 1858. Based on the 1860 census,George K. Shermanand his wife had a servant living in their household,named Elizabeth Mummert. Elizabeth’s family had been neighborsof Lydia’s family yearsbefore, so they knew each for some time.
With the beginning of the Civil War came the birth of JamesHenry Sherman on November 11, 1861, then Sarah Elizabethon May13, 1864. George K. Sherman entered the military in Novemberof 1864and returned home in July 1865. A child, Flora, arrivedon April29, 1866.
Some scandal now enters the picture. There is the strong possibly that George K. Sherman may have fathereda child of Elizabeth Mummert, with her giving birth in 1868 to a son. The son was named George Theodore Sherman. Soon afterwards,the George K. Sherman family (children and wife, Lydia) moved to MountJoyTownship in Adams County, PA. The last two children of Georgeand Lydiawere Mary Jane Sherman on February 22, 1869 and then George H. Grant Sherman on September 1, 1872, born in Adams County. He remaineda farmer there and did retire on his military pension in 1890.
George’s children all grew into adulthood in AdamsCountyand raised a family. Daughter, Susannah married Joshua L.Hannabout1873. He was a farmer, owning his own farm in Mount Joytownship. They had a son, George L. Hann, born in June 1875. He too becamea farmer and later married Lucy before 1906. They hadtwo sons, RoyL. , born in 1906 and Paul R. in 1910. Susannah liveduntil January5, 1940. Her son, Paul lived until May 1985 in Littlestown.
The son, Jacob T. Sherman married Mary E. MilleronDecember 12, 1876 in Hanover, PA. Jacob had his own farm in MountJoyand looked after his mother-in-law, Elizabeth Miller and a brother-in-law,Levi Miller in 1880. Jacob and Mary had a son, Claude M. Sherman, born in September 1883. Claude grew up to become a merchant ina general store and married Mary just before the 1910 census. Jacobdied on May 30, 1920 in Mount Joy.
Sevilla Ann Sherman married Rufus A. Little around1878. He was a farmer, owning his own farm in Mount Joy. Sevillaand Rufushad two sons, George D. Little in November 9, 1879 and Charles C. Little in May 6, 1884. Sevilla died on April 21,1920 in Adams County, PA. Her sons, Charles died in April 1968 in Littlestownand George in Hanover in September 1970.
The second son, James Henry Sherman (living at homeat the 1880 census) married Alverta Fiscell around 1884. Togethertheyhad a very large family, one dozen children, with eight daughters andfoursons. James was a farmer, living in Germantown, Mount Joy andTwo Tavernsin Adams County over the decades. The children were: Maude V. (bornin April 1885), and married to Thomas Newman, a merchant. Maude liveduntil November 1969 in Gettysburg, PA. Then Elsie M.(born April 1889),Beulah E. (born October 1891), and Guy F.(born September 1893). Guy Sherman died in June 1984 in Lock haven, ClintonCo., PA. The next children were Bessie M. (born May 1895), Lydia M. (born June 1896), Mark L. (born April 1898), ClydM.(born 1901), Golda A. (born 1903 - who lived for some yearswith her older sister, Maude & her husband), Sarah L. (born 1905), Zona L.(born 1908) and Paul H. Sherman (born 1910). James died about age 54 years old on April 8, 1916. His wife, Alvertadied on December 11, 1933.
Sarah Elizabeth Sherman (lived at home during 1880census) married John A. Geesey on April 6, 1899. John was a cutterin a shoe factory in New Oxford Borough in Adams County.
Flora C. Sherman (lived at home during the 1880census)married on March 2, 1884 to William H. Collins. He was acigar makerin a cigar factory in Mount Joy. They had six children, whichincluded aset of twins. Their first child was Claud S. Collinson April1887. He later worked on the farm owned by his aunt anduncle (Mary and John Spangler) in 1900. The second child wasCharles W., who was born in June 14, 1889. Charles died inSeptember 1969 inLittlestown. The set of twins (one boy-one girl)were born April 1899. They were Francis E. & Mary V. Collins. By 1920, Franciswas a box maker and Mary was a seamstress. Next was Agnes I. Collins, born in 1902, who was also a seamstressin 1920. The youngest was Leo T. Collins, born in 1905.
John Wesley Spangler married Mary Jane Sherman (livedat home during 1880 census) on September 14, 1893 in Littlestown at theGraceLutheran Church. He was a farmer. When Mary’s mother,Lydiadied at the age of 60 years in 1891, she and her brother, George,lived withtheir father. When Mary married first in September 1893, andthen her brother,George married in October 1893, their father lived withGeorge and his family. Later, the father lived with Mary and her husbandin 1910.
The youngest child of George K. Sherman was George H.GrantSherman, who married Jennie C. Stahl a month after hissister,became a cigar maker in a cigar factory. He and Jennie livedfor yearsin Littlestown. They had three children. First was RalphS. Sherman, born March 16, 1894. Ralph later worked as a laborerin a silkmill. He died in October 1979 in York, PA. Then NinaM. Sherman, born March1895 and lastly was Pauline M. Sherman, born May 1897.
George K. Sherman died on January 30, 1917 in Mount JoyinAdams County, PA. He had many of his children, his 25 grandchildrenand even two great grandchildren living in the area.
REMAINDER OF GEORGE S. & FANNY SHERMAN FAMILY
The children of George S. and Fanny Sherman marriedover the years. Rebecca married James Reily Schmidt/SmithonJanuary 5, 1860. By the 1900 census, Rebecca was a widow livinginPenn Township and had five children. Next Sarah Sherman marriedEdwardGarrett on August 28, 1864. The wedding was performed by Rev. Zehringof St. Paul’s in Heidelberg. Mary Jane Sherman marriedJohn B. Wildasin (Wildason) on January 13, 1870 and her sister, Ameliamarried John’s brother, Henry Wildasin. Lydia Ann Sherman, who had lived in 1860 with her cousin, Savilla Sherman Musselman, marriedJohn Swartz on September 9, 1883 in Hanover. John was a farmer, bornin October 1858. They did not have any children and lived at leastup to 1917 in Penn Township in York County, PA. The youngest, Mandillaremained unmarried.
George S. Sherman lived until November 17, 1864 in Heidelberg,York County, PA. His second wife, Fanny, lived on in West Manheim,(based on 1880 census) York County. She was in the residence of WilliamMcMaster, age 66 years in 1880. Her death came many years later onJune 29, 1896, dying at the age of almost 84 years. Her stepson, GeorgeKuhn Sherman, almost reached 90 years old, dying on January 30, 1917 in Mt.Joy, Two Taverns, Adams County, PA. Lydia, his wife, had liveduntil March 21, 1891. The illegitimate son, George Theodore Sherman, remained with his mother, Elizabeth. She married Henry Heck andhad several other children. George Theodore Sherman married JohannaLidina Wildason and they lived their later years in Hartford County, MD. George T. Sherman lived until 1947.
HENRY SHERMAN AND FAMILY
(First born child of Conrad and Helena Sherman)
The author's great, great great grandfather
After themarriage of Conrad and Helena, their first child was Henry Sherman
, born July 11, 1779 in York County. This was during the middle ofthe American Colonies’ fight for independence. Henry would representa new birth and a new nation not only for his family but also for the world. He followed in his father’s footsteps as a property ownerandfarmer. He became a member of the Masonic Lodge organizationin YorkCounty. Henry’s service in the military was duringthe War of1812.
At about the age of 45 years he married Mary CatharineGehret
) in York County in 1825 to 1826. Mary (known as Catherine) was born August 13, 1796 ( based on cemetery/tombstonerecords), also in York. Their first child was a daughter, MatildaSherman
, born in 1827. Two years later Ellen Helena Sherman
was born on October 29, 1829. A third daughter arrived on March28,1831 and was named Catherine Sherman
. Henry and Helena werevery happy to add a son to their family on April 28, 1835. He was named Henry Jackson Sherman
. The fifth child was Lucinda
,a daughter, born in 1836. The last child and baby of the familywas Sybilla (Savilla / Cybilla) Sherman
, born Saturday, April18, 1840 in West Manheim, York County, PA. (Note: Savilla wasthe author’s great, great grandmother. This section of the family historyis being edited, April 18, 2001, on what would have been Savilla’s 161stbirthday.)
CENSUS - 1850 - YORK COUNTY, PA
All of Henry’s children grew into adulthood. Hehad a large farm and hundred of acres of land and did quite well. Hehad inherited a good deal from his father, General Conrad Sherman, in1823. In the 1850 census he had his wife, Catherine, his daughters,Ellen, Catherine,Lucinda and his son, Henry, Jr. were all living in thelarge family home. Henry also had two laborers to help with the work. They were SamuelHerbst, age 23 years and Jacob Snyder, age 16 years. Henry Sherman, a farmer, had a real estate valueon the census of $12,000 (equal to about $240,000 to $262,889 in 21stcentury money value).
His oldest daughter, Matida
, married in 1847 toJacobHenrich Parr, a farmer. Jacob Parr was born April 3, 1823. In1850 census they lived next door to her parents. Their first child wasCatherine Ellen Parr
, born July 15, 1848 in Manheim. Shewasbaptizedon January 9, 1849. But the infant only lived a littlemorethan a year, passing away on September 11, 1849. Matilda andJacob had a second daughter on August 3, 1850, whom they also named Melinda(Belinda) Susanna Parr
. Note: Some sources state thesecond child was also named “Catherine“.
Melinda latermarried Francis Zinn in March 1868. Melinda lived until February 5,1882.
The next child for Matilda and Jacob Parr was Henry(Harry)Washington Parr
, born January 6, 1855. In the 1880 censusfor YorkCounty, PA, he was living with his parents and younger brotherin Penn Township.Henry later married Emma (maiden name unknown). Henry was a horse dealerand one of the directors of Hanover AgriculturalSociety in 1884. He was also elected to the Hanover City Council in1901.
The fourth child for Matilda and Jacob was Sabilla Parr
, born November 14, 1858 and died on July 26, 1863 in Hanover. Thelast child was Jeremiah Parr
, born September 21, 1865. He marriedJennie Moury around 1889. He was a cigar maker by trade,a big occupationaltrade in the York County area. Jeremiah liveduntil February 25, 1945and his wife Jennie until May 8, 1961.
Henry and Mary Catherine’s daughter, Ellen HelenaSherman
married Ephraim George Nace of York County on Thursday, May22,1851. They were married by Rev. Jacob Sechler. Ephraim wasbornNovember 20, 1830, which made him about a year younger than Ellen was. They had six children between 1852 and 1868. There was AlbertienaNace
, born 1852 and then Adaline Nace
, born 1854. Thefirstson came in August 29, 1856, Henry E. Nace
followed by SavannaM. Nace
on March 30, 1858 and then John Nace
in 1859. WithAmerica involved in a Civil War came the birth of Amelia Nace
in 1862. A daughter named, Jane or Jennie
was born about1863. (NOTE: question if Amelia and Jane/Jennie, may have beenthe same daughter, withnicknames used. Dates could be confused.)
Ephraim entered military service as a private in Co. “F”195th Inf. Reg. from Pennsylvania on February 21, 1865. With thewarending in May and June, Ephraim may have just wanted to return home,buthe left without permission. So he was classified as “deserted”on June 30, 1865. Their last child came on August 24, 1868 and wasnamed Valentine Barthol Nace
They family lived in Hanover, PA over the years and Ephraimwas a farmer. In census of 1870, Ephraim had a land value in WestManheimof $5,000. In the 1880 census, Ephraim, his wife, Ellen andone daughter,Jane, lived at home. Ephraim lived until October 18, 1907and was buried at Mt. Olivet Cemetery. The daughter, Savanna liveduntil June 6, 1923. Ellen Sherman Nace lived at 111 McAllesta (McAllister)Street in Hanover with her daughter, Jennie (Jane) Hoffman, until her deathof cerebral apoplexyon January 28, 1926 at the age of 97 years. She wasburied on January 31,1926 at Mt. Olivet Cemetery in Hanover, PA. The son, Henry Nace, wholived on York Street in Hanover, died on November7, 1928. Catherine Sherman
was married to Conrad Shue inManheim,PA on February 23, 1854 by Rev. Jacob Sechler. They hadthree knownchildren. First, was Louisa Shue
, born about 1858,then SavillaShue
, born about 1861 and last was Anna Shue
, born about1865. Conrad Shue was a farmer in York County. Whenthe family movedto CarrollCounty, MD, Conrad became a merchant. The familywas listed inthe 1880 censusfor Carroll County in the Meyers District.It is not knownhow long Conradlived but Catherine‘s Will went throughprobated onFebruary 14, 1890in Hanover, PA. Lucinda Sherman
was born in 1836. She mayhavemarried John Swartz on September 9, 1883. It is not proved yet.
Henry Sherman died on February 18, 1864,leaving his wife and children to carry on the Sherman farm and propertyin York County.
The only son of Henry and Helena turned out to be the “black sheep” of the family. As the only son, he would inherit mostof his father’s property, the farm, a large family house andcurrency. The daughters were given money also but the majorityof the estate went to Henry Jackson Sherman. He married Catherine(Kate) Roth ( born 1841) on Thursday, February 18, 1864 by Rev. Gans inYork County. This was about 7 months before his father’s deathon Thursday, September 22, 1864. Henry was to take care of the estate,providing for any of his mother’s needs and seeing those funds wereturned over to his sisters, which Henry did properly. Henry and Catherinehad their first child, Ida May Sherman on February 17, 1865 inWest Manheim. But the infant only lived about 7 months, dyingon September 11, 1865. Their only son was born May 25, 1866 and namedFerdinand Roth Sherman. He was given the Sherman family Bibleafter his grandmother’s death in 1869.
But after Henry Jackson Sherman's mother’s death(MaryCatherine Gehret Sherman) on Monday, February 1, 1869, things seemedto changein reference to Henry’s behavior. He became very carelessaboutmoney. He spent the money as if he had an endless supply. His overall worth was estimated around $50,000 in the 1870’s(a valueof a $624,133 - $655,828 in 2001). Henry had a rich farm coveringover200 acres. He was even known to light his cigars with a ten ortwenty-dollarcurrency bills.
Life was good for the Shermans and their family grew. Athirdchild was born to the family sometime in 1869 and she was named, Mary Sherman . Another daughter in July 1871 is named MinnieE. Sherman. On April 6, 1874 arrived Lydia Ann Shermanand then the baby of the family was Ada Grace Sherman.
By the late1880’s, Henry Jackson Sherman could nolongerhold onto the family farm, house and property. Through bad speculations,poor business ventures and overall reckless spending, his fortune was disappearing.There were so many debts incurred by Henry that the York County Sherifftook possession of all the property and house to be sold and used to repayhis debts. A brother-in-law, Dr. George Rhodes of Frederick, MD purchasedthe property. Later the property was purchased by J. Wesley Myers of Hanover.The largest part of the Sherman family property handed downover several generations was lost forever .
Henry and his family moved to several different locationsinYork County as Henry looked for work. But the new 20th Centuryjustcompounded the family’s troubles. Ferdinand, a cigarmaker by trade, started having what was termed “brain problems, hismind began to fail” in 1899. The situation got so bad that byJuly 10, 1900 he was committed to the Insane Asylum in Harrisburg, PA. Theironly son, Ferdinand, a young man of almost 35 years old, died on Thursday,May 9, 1901 at the Asylum of paralysis of the kidneys. His body wassent back to Hanover on the train for burial in Mt. Olivet Cemetery in Hanover.
Heart-break for the family: By May of 1906,Henry was so desperate for money, he entered an office owned by Bowman andHuff (a cigar factory) of Hanover late at night on Friday, May 4th to breakinto their safe. His deed was later discovered and he was taken awayto jail in Hanover on Sunday, May 6th. It was near the end of the month,Tuesday, May 29th, that Henry died in jail of a heart attack awaiting hishearing before a grand jury. He did have an asthma condition and heartdisease but he was under medication.
His widow, Catherine, went to live with her married daughter,Lydia Ann Sherman Weaver in McSherrytown, Adams County, PA. Lydiamarried James N. Weaver (a cigar maker) in March 1898 and they had fivechildren. The children were Sallie C. Weaver, born November 1898, Harry Weaver born May 1900, Sanford Weaver, Edward Weaverand one other infant (name unknown). Only two months after herfatherdied Lydia died of TB on Monday, July 2, 1906.
The other daughters of Henry and Catherine married in thesurrounding counties. Minnie E. Sherman married Charles Nauon November 15, 1898 and they lived in Littlestown, Adams County, PA. By the 1900 census they had a daughter, Ethel M. Sherman, born April1899. Mary Sherman married Frank L. Stokes of Hogestown, CumberlandCounty before 1900.
(Youngest child of Henry and Catherine, granddaughter of Gen. ConradSherman)
Henry Sherman was about 61 years old whenhis last child was born. She was Savilla (Cybilla, Sybilla,)Sherman
, born Saturday, April 18, 1840 in West Manheim, York County,PA. Most of her sisters were several years older than her. Theclosest in age was her brother, Henry Jackson Sherman, but there still wasfive years difference.
When checking the 1850 census for York County, Savilla(byany of the given name spellings) is not located in any household. Herbrother and a couple of her sisters are listed in her father’shouseholdin the 1850 census, but Savilla is not. Now whether, atage 10 years,she was living or visiting a family relative or friend inanother county is unknown. But there are records of her marriage onSunday, September6, 1857 in York County, PA to George Washington Musselman
and thewedding was performed by Rev. Jacob Sechler of the Emmanuel LutheranChurchof Hanover.
The Musselman family was of Lancaster and York County areaof Pennsylvania and later in 1829 moved to Baltimore County in Maryland. George, known as Washington Musselman, was the son of Henry and Sarah (Wagoner)Musselman. He was born November 22, 1825, so he was 15 years olderthan his 17-year-old bride. Wedding gifts to the couple from Savilla’sfather were two wooden crafted bedroom sets. Each was made of woodfrom the Sherman farm. One bedroom set was maple and the other wascherry wood. Those bedroom sets were kept in the family and handed downthrough the generations. The young couple settled into the West Manheimarea and Washington Musselman became a farmer.
The first child born to the couple was Henry ShermanMusselman
. He arrived on June 22, 1858 in West Manheim. The “HenrySherman” name was in honor of Savilla’s father. Very shortlya second son was born on April 29, 1860. He was namedGeorge WashingtonMusselman, Jr.
In the 1860 census, Washington Musselmanwas doing well,with two hired laborers, a domestic helper for Savilla anda real estate value of just under $1,000 (valued at $18,497 - $20,593 in 2000currency). It maybe Savilla’s cousin, Lydia A. Sherman (daughterof George S. and Fanny Sherman), who was living and assisting Savilla inthe household.
The next year, 1861, saw the United States divided by aCivilWar. The family lived near the Maryland and Pennsylvania borderandthere was great concern of Confederate troops marching through Marylandand into Pennsylvania, which did ensue in 1862 and 1863.
The first daughter in the family was Lizzie CatherineMusselman
, born November 18, 1862. But their infant died justabout five weekslater on January 2, 1863. Even with war around themthe family kepttogether on the Musselman farm. Then On March 7,1864,a second daughterwas born, this time in Hanover, PA. She wasnamedMary Jane Musselman
. Her nickname became “Molly”. (NOTE: MaryJane was the author's great grandmother
.) She was baptized on July27, 1864 at St. David / Sherman Reform LutheranChurch in West Manheim. Butby September 22, 1864, Savilla’s father,Henry, passed away. Her brother, Henry Jackson Sherman, was the executorof the estate and lookedafter his mother and saw that his sisters gottheirinheritance. Savillareceived several thousand dollars as hershareof her father’s estate.(The value in currency for the year2001 wouldequal $32,687 - $40,510).
Sometime between the end of 1864 and into 1865, towardstheend of the American Civil War in April 1865, the Musselman family movedtoManchester, (6th District) Carroll County, Maryland. Savilla hadseveralfamily members in Woodensburg, Baltimore County. There were otherShermansin Manchester and Westminster, Maryland. In the small communityof Manchester, they started a new life for their young family.
By August 14, 1869, a third son arrived in the family andhewas named Jacob Elwood Musselman
. The family was doing wellin Manchester. By the 1870 census, Washington Musselman, age 45 years old,now classified himself a “retired farmer” and had a real estatevalue of $23,000. (The value in 2001 currency would be $287,101- $301,680).
He had a good deal of property and a large houseatthe east end of Main Street in Manchester. His property was nexttoGeorge Everhart and William Walter.
The last child was Annie Rebecca Musselman
, bornMarch29, 1872. She was named for Washington’s sister, AnnieRebeccaMusselman Wagoner, a widow and a mother who had lost her four childrenoverthe last 10 years. But Savilla was soon to be a widow herselfat theage of 38 years old. On October 17, 1878, her husband, Washington,of 21 years, died at the age of 52 years old. She now had severalyoungchildren at home to care for, the youngest only 6 years old. But financiallyshe was well provided for by her husband. It wouldbe nine years beforetwo of her children would marry.
In the 1880 census, Savilla was listed as a widow, age49years old. She had five children living with her, ranging in agesfrom21 to 7 years old.
Her eldest son, Henry
, married Mary Elizabeth(Lizzie)Tracy
on November 25, 1887 in Manchester. Lizzie was bornNovember30, 1864 in Maryland. The next month, December 27, 1887, Mary Jane“Molly”
married Charles Henry Bixler
,who was fromthe Carroll County area. They married in Baltimore, Marylandand wentto live in Hanover, York County, PA where he worked as a cigarmaker.
The first grandchild for Savilla was Maryann Ella Musselman
, born on December 9, 1888 to Henry and Mary (Tracy) Sherman. Buttheinfant only lived 6 days, dying on December 15, 1888 in Manchester. Savilla still had her youngest daughter, Annie (age 16 years) to look afterat home. Her sons, George and Jacob also lived at home. By mid-1889,her son, George W. Musselman, Jr., died on July 18th.
Joy returned to the family with the birth of the secondgrandchild,Eva Savilla Bixler, (the author's grandmother
) born toMary Jane (Molly) and Charles Henry Bixler in Hanover. The name Evawas for her gr, gr, gr, grandmother, Eva Crieschbaum Sherman and the nameSavilla for her grandmother. The new grandchild was born Thursday, June11, 1891. In justtwo short years, for unknown reasons, MaryJane Bixler died on July 24, 1893 at the age of 29 years, leaving baby Evawithout a mother. Her father, Charles, felt unprepared to care forthe infant by himself, but he did for several years. With the loss ofher daughter, Savilla later took in her only grandchild to rise in Manchester. She was 53 years old, had cared for her own children, had suffered severallosses of her children but wanted to see that her motherless granddaughterhad a good life.
Savilla’s daughter Annie
married in 1894 toDr. Robert F. Wells
. They had two sons, Harry Edward
, bornNovember 18, 1895 and A. Earl Wells
on August 23, 1897. The child, Harry died on June 13, 1899.
The last to marry was Jacob Elwood Musselman
. He married Mary Hester Albaugh
on March 11, 1897. Heruncle was Charles Henry Bixler, a widower after Mary Jane's death. Jacoband Mary, known as Hester, had a daughter on July 10, 1898 in Manchester. She was named Mae Louise Musselman
, the name “Louise“from her mother’s mother’s first name. A son wasborn the next year on October 18, 1899. He was named Henry (Harry)Elwood Musselman
, the name “Henry“ from his great,grandfather Sherman‘s first name and great grandfather Musselman‘sgiven name.
So with the dawn of the 20th century, in the 1900 census,Savillawas 60 years old, a widow for 22 years and death had taken threeof her six children. Her home was at 80 Main Street. She did have fourgrandchildren(Eva, Mae, Henry, and A. Earl). The census listed herson, Jacob E. Musselman (a cigar maker), his wife, Mary Hester and theirtwo children (Mae Louise and Henry E.) living with her. It was believed infamily legend that she also raised Eva Bixler as her own daughter and gaveher the best of everything. But Eva was NOT listed in the 1900 census. Eva’s father may have still cared for her in Hanover in 1900 and thenEve moved to Manchester to be cared for by her grandmother..
Henry (Savilla’s son) and Lizzie Musselman had anotherson on February 7, 1903 and he was named William Tracy Musselman
. William was raised in Manchester and as an adult was a world marketingexpertfor the Coca-Cola Company. He married and had a son on January31,1935. The child was named John Pierson Musselman
. Williamdied in 1949.
Eva’s father remarried in Hanover in 1905 and hadanotherdaughter (Mildred C. Bixler) in October 24, 1905 with his secondwife, MaryElla Sellers Meckley. The second wife was the widow of GeorgeWilliamMeckley, who died in 1893. She also had four sons to raise. They were, William H. Meckley, born 1888, Harry G., born Oct. 1889, EarlL., born June 1891 and Clarence B. Meckley, born August 1893. MaryElla lived until 1935, Charles Henry Bixler until June 1938 in Hanover, caredfor my his daughter, Mildred.
It may have been at this time that Eva moved to Manchesterto live with her grandmother, Savilla. Eva graduated about 1909 fromschools in Manchester and married a childhood sweetheart, Dr. David GroffEverhart
on November 23, 1911 in Manchester. David was a Manchesternative and a professional dentist. The young couple had a son onSeptember9, 1912 in Manchester. He was named after his father. The couplemoved to Frederick, Maryland so David could open a new dentalpractice inthe town. On August 9, 1915 they had a daughter, Nannie(Nan) MusselmanEverhart
, in Frederick. (Note: Nan wasthe author’smother
). In 1925, a third child was born, Joseph Groff Everhart
, but he only lived three days due to complicationsduring his birth. Too much force was use (mistakenly) by the doctorto assist in the birthingand the baby suffered from fatally brain damage. David, Jr. followedin his father’s footsteps to serving Frederickas a dentist for decades. Nan earned a law degree, served in the Women’sArmy Corp (WAC) from1942-1949 and later was a college admissions supervisor,besides raising a family.
Jacob and Hester’s oldest daughter,Mae Louise Musselman
(granddaughter of Savilla), received her educationas a teacher and married in February 1922 in Baltimore, MD. She marriedRichard Jefferson Walters
, who was originally from Sioux City, Iowaand was a commander of air balloon division during World War I. Maeand Richard had two daughters, Alice Louise in 1922 and Lelah in 1925.Maelived until February 1955 when she died suddenly of a heart condition.Herbrother, Henry Elwood Musselman, had two wives, first Viola and thenReba. It is not known if he had any children. Mae and Richard’sdaughterswere educated, traveled, learned how to fly a plane, worked inadvertising,and bookkeeping besides raising a family.
Savilla had four great grandchildren by the mid-1920’swhen she was in her 80’s. She still lived in her home on NorthMain Street in Manchester and had a housekeeper, Mary Myerly, to assisther. Savilla passed away on Tuesday, March 29, 1927 in Manchester,about two weeksshort of reaching 87 years old. She had seen and donea great deal in her life and had always made her family the center of herworld.
Her son, Henry, served as executor of her estate untilhisdeath a little over a year later on Monday, July 16, 1928. Thetworemaining children of Savilla and Washington Musselman were Jacob andAnnie. Jacob lived with his daughter, Mae and her family in Miami,Florida and diedthere on Tuesday, April 7, 1931. Annie MusselmanWells lived in Manchesterand died on Saturday, April 18, 1942, what wouldhave marked her mother‘s102nd birthday anniversary. Savilla’granddaughter, Eva S. Everhart,lived only to the age of 49 years, dyingof kidney disease in 1940.
The Sherman family had made itsmark on Pennsylvania and Maryland for over two hundred years. Itbeganwith the arrival of George Jacob Scherman (Shireman) back in 1749and continuedthroughout the 20th century. The descendents of Georgewere farmers,military soldiers, land owners, innkeepers, justices of thepeace, and churchleaders. They supported their neighbors and theircommunity. Most made a positive mark on their community while a couplemade poor decisions.But their lives always centered on family. The20th century openedup even greater opportunities for George’s great,great, great, great,grandchildren. Many would travel and see theworld and especially theladies of the family who would have many more opportunitiesthan their grandmothershad. The portrait of the Shermans in manyways reflects the image ofmost Americans over the last two centuries. They were immigrants whoworked the land and made something of their lifefor themselves and to passonto their children.
Written by: Alice L. Luckhardt
NOTE: GENEALOGICAL RESEARCH IS ONGOING. THERE MAY BE ERRORS ON DATES, NAMES, PLACES AND EVENTS BUT MANY DIFFERENTSOURCES WERE USED TO VERIFY THE DATA. ANY ADDITIONS OR CORRECTIONSARE WELCOMED.
Special thanks is givento the author's cousin, Kay Sherman Schroen and Tracy Barass, who assisted in the research of the Sherman family.